“Bioeconomics: Diversity and Wealth for Sustainable Development” was the theme chosen for the sixteenth edition of the National Science and Technology Week (SNCT) in 2019, which will take place from October 21 to 27 throughout the country. This choice is based, among other reasons, on the search for sustainable development in Brazil represented by the bioeconomy and its relationship with the 2030 Agenda, established by the United Nations (UN). Precisely because of its transversality, the bioeconomy is directly related to at least 10 of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), namely:
- ODS 2: Zero Hunger
- SDG 3: Good Health and Wellness
- SDG 6: Clean Water and Sanitation
- SDG 7: Affordable and Clean Energy
- SDG 8: Decent Employment and Economic Growth
- SDG 9: Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure
- SDG 12: Responsible Consumption and Production
- SDG 13: Combating Climate Change
- SDG 14: Life Underwater
- SDG 15: Life on Earth
But after all, what is Bioconomics?
Bioeconomics is the result of an innovative revolution in the life sciences related to the invention, development and use of biological products and processes in the fields of industrial biotechnology, human health and agricultural and livestock productivity. According to the Action Plan on Science, Technology and Innovation in Bioeconomics (PACTI Bioeconomics), MCTIC's guiding document for the scientific and technological development of Bioeconomics in Brazil, it can be defined as:
“The set of economic activities based on the sustainable and innovative use of renewable biological resources (biomass) to replace fossil raw materials for the production of food, feed, materials, chemicals, fuels and energy produced through biological processes. , chemical, thermochemical or physical, promoting health, sustainable development, national growth and well-being of the population. ”(MCTIC, 2018)
Cross-cutting, the theme interacts with fundamental aspects of human survival, such as the development of sustainable and circular production systems that guarantee, in an integrated manner, water, energy and food security. All of this, of course, focuses on reducing or even reversing environmental impacts, social and economic gains as well as the preservation and sustainable use of one of the country's greatest wealth, its biodiversity and knowledge of how to use it.