Awareness, Accessibility and Utilization of Insecticide Treated Net in Uyo, Akwa Ibom State
American Journal of Health Research
Volume 4, Issue 6, November 2016, Pages: 158-165
Received: Jul. 6, 2016;
Accepted: Aug. 8, 2016;
Published: Oct. 18, 2016
Views 4010 Downloads 84
Usiplawrence P. E., Department of Animal and Environmental Biology, University of Uyo, Uyo, Nigeria
Ekwere U. L., Department of Animal and Environmental Biology, University of Uyo, Uyo, Nigeria
The study on Awareness, accessibility and utilization of insecticide treated nets in Uyo the capital City of Akwa Ibom State Nigeria was investigated between June to November 2015. Randomly selected household were used for the study. Data was collected using pre tested semi – structured interviewer administered questionnaires. Test of statistical significance were carried out using chi square tests of statistical significance. Each respondent represented a household. A total of 600 questionnaires were administered out of which 570 (95%) were completely filled and returned. Findings from this study showed that 250 (45.23%) of the population were within the age range of 21-30yrs. Greater percentage 435 (76.32%) were aware of ITN but there was a comparative reduction in accessibility 327 (57.37%) and utilization 393 (68.95%). Eighty four (19.31%) got their information from radio and 500 (87.72%) acknowledged that malaria is transmitted by mosquito but only 287 (50.35%) recognized Anopheles mosquito as the real transmission agent. Some of the barriers for non usage of ITN include inconveniences, Non availability, generation of heat and other difficulties encountered. There is need for educational enlightenment campaign on the sustained use of ITNs in the Area.
Usiplawrence P. E.,
Ekwere U. L.,
Awareness, Accessibility and Utilization of Insecticide Treated Net in Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, American Journal of Health Research.
Vol. 4, No. 6,
2016, pp. 158-165.
Taylor, D. J; Gran, N. P. O; Stout, G. N. and Soper, R. (2006). Biological Science 3rd Edition. Cambridge University Press. UK pp. 502–509.
Murray, G. J and Lopez, A. D. (2007). Malaria Mortality in Tight Regions of the Global Burdens of the Disease Study. Lancet I: 1269-1276.
Adugnawoyesa, Wakgari Denesa, Ahmed Ali and Bernt Lindtjodan (2013). Malaria risk factors in Butajira area, South-Central Ethiopia: A multi level analysis Malaria Journal 12; 1, 273.
Usip, L. P. E. and Amadi, E. C. (2012) Concomitant Bacteria in the Blood of Malaria Patients Sampled in the Southern Parts of Nigeria. World Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Vol. 4. No. 1. 56-62.
WHO/UNICEF (2013). The Africa Malaria Report, 1–112.
UNICEF (2010). Roll Back Malaria. A Global Partnership Rolling Back Malaria. UNICEF 17 (Unpublished Document).
Federal Republic of Nigeria (2008). National Demographic and Health Survey, 2008).
Federal Republic of Nigeria (2013). Burden of Malaria in Nigeria, Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey.
Yusuf, O. B; Adeoye, B. W; Oladepo, O. O; Peters, D. H. and Bishai, D. (2010). Poverty and Fever Vulnerability in Nigeria: A Multi Level Analysis. Malaria Journal 9: 235.
Tako, E. A; Zhou, A; Lohoue, J; Leke. R; Taylor, D. W; Leke, R. F. G. (2008). Risk factors for Placental Malaria and its Effect on Pregnancy Outcome in Yaounde, Cameroon, A.M.J. Tropical Medicine Hygiene 72(3) 236-24
Chimore O. Aqueto and Welington A. Oyiba (2013). Factors associated with risk of malaria infection among pregnant women in Lagos State, Nigeria. Infectious diseases of poverty 2; 1/19.
Vivian Mpanga, Alfred Malawa, Ursuala Kafu Lafula, Mercy Pladaric, Kaye Ballemeler (2014). Comprehensive of Risk factors of malaria during pregnancy among pregnant women Attending Antenatal Care in Malawi. Open Journal of Nursing 4, 895-905.
Opara, K. N; Ibanga, E. S; Wali, N. B. and Usip, L. P. (2004). Falciparum Malaria and their Susceptibility to Genetic Markers of Pregnant Women in Uyo. South Eastern Nigeria. African Journal Applied 2001. Environmental Biology, 6:58-64.
Emmanuel Chanda (2014). Malaria Vector Control, lesson from South Sudan, Bulletin of World Health Organization 92; 290-295.
Musa, I. O; Salaudeen, G. A; Jimoh, R. O. (2009) Awareness and Use of Insecticide Treated Nets Among Women Attending Ante-Natal Clinic in a Northern State of Nigeria. J. Pak Medical Association. Jun; 59:354-358.
Dawil Getnet Ayele, Temesgen T. Zewoter and Henry G. Mwanusi (2013). The risk factor indicator of malaria in Ethiopia. Intestinal Journal of Medicine and Medical Science vol 5(7), 335-347.
WHO. (2011) Operational Research on the Economics of Insecticide treated Mosquito Nets. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology. 92:435-447. WHO/CDLS/CDE/SMT/2008, 13: 107-110.
Rachelle E. Desrochers, Kendra Siekman Peter P. Benti, Karen Bramhill, Sarah A. W. Buchan, Gay K. Battah, Dodji Gestogho Kokon Vignikin Alice Sabino (2014). Effectiveness of post-campaign, door to door, hang up and communication intervention to increase lasting insecticidal bed net utilization in Togo (2011-2012): A cluster vanomozer, Control Trial Malaria Journal 13; 1: 260.
Omokanye, L. O; Saidu, R; Jimmoh A. A. G; Salaudeen, A; Balogun, Y. R. (2012). The Relationship Between Socio Demographic Characteristics and Malaria Parasite Density Among Pregnant Women in Illorin, Nigeria. International Journal of Tropical Medicine. 7(2):64-68.
Hawley, W. A; Ter Kuile F. O; Steketee R. S; Nahlen, B. L; Terlouw, D. J; Gimming J. E. (2008) Implications of the Western Kenya Permethrin-Treated Bed Net Study for policy, Program Implementation, and Future research. AM JTNP Medicine Hygiene; 68: 168–173.
Federal Republic of Nigeria (2005). National Malaria and Vector Control Programme Guidelines for the Implementation of Insecticide Treated Nets in Nigeria.
Federal Republic of Nigeria (2009). Nigeria/National Malaria Control Programme in Nigeria. Anuual Report.
World Health Organization (WHO 2010). World Malaria Report, 2010. World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.
Abasiattai, A. M; Etukumana, E. A; Umoiyoho, A. J. (2009) Awareness and Practices of Malaria Prevention Strategies Among Pregnant Women in Uyo, South-South Nigeria. The Internet Journal of Gynecology and Obstacles; 11:1; doi: 10.5580 pp. 8a.
Ankomah, A; Adebayo, S. B; Arogundade, E. D; Anyanti, J. etal (2011). Determinant of Insecticide treated Nets Ownership and Utilization among Pregnant Women in Nigeria. Malaria Journal 10: 170.
Edelu, B. O., Ikefuna, A. N., Emodi, J. I., Adimora, G. N. (2010). Awareness and use of Insecticide Treated Nets among Children Attending Oupatient Clinic at UNTH, Enugu State. African Health Science. 10(1): 177-119.
Ibor, U. W; Aigbe, G. O; Iwara, A. I; Okongor, O. E; Okino, I. I; (2012) Ownership and Utilization of Insecticide Treated Nets in Cross River State, Nigeria, Journalof Medical Science.12, (7): 198-206.
Usip, L. P. E. and Atabia, E. E. (2014). Community Perception about Malaria Mosquito and used of Insecticide Treated bed net in Mbo Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State of Nigeria. World journal of Applied Science and Technology, vol 2 no.2: 121-128.
Baume, C. A; Marin, C; Gains in Awareness, Ownership and use of Insecticide Treated Nets in Nigeria, Senegal, Uganda, and Zambia, Malaria Journal, (2008); 7:153.
Wagbatsoma, V. A; Aigbe, E. E. (201). ITN Utilization among Pregnant Women Attending ANC in Etsako West L.G.A Edo State, Nigeria. Niger J. Clin Pract., (2010); 13(2): 144-148.
Opiyo, P; Mukabana, B; Kiche, I; Matherge, E; Kileen, G. F; Fillinger, U, et al. 2007 An Exploratory Study of Community factors relevant for Participatory Malaria Control on Rusing Island, Western Kenya. Malaria Journal; 6:48. doi: 10. 1186/1475-2875-6-48.
Goesch, J. N; Schwarz, N. G and Decher, M. L. (2008). Socio economic status is inversely related to bed net use in Gabon. Malaria Journal 7: article 60.