Andrew Obrzut - Eminent Polish Professor, First Head of the Department of Pathological Anatomy (1896-1910) of the Medical Faculty of Lviv University
American Journal of Biomedical and Life Sciences
Volume 8, Issue 1, February 2020, Pages: 5-10
Received: Nov. 17, 2019; Accepted: Dec. 9, 2019; Published: Jan. 16, 2020
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Authors
Dmytro Zerbino, Department of Pathological Anatomy, Danylo Halytsky Lviv National Medical University, Lviv, Ukraine
Liliya Volos, Department of Pathological Anatomy, Danylo Halytsky Lviv National Medical University, Lviv, Ukraine
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Abstract
This paper presents an overview of the history of life, scientific and pedagogical activity, major achievements of a great Polish pathologist Andrew Obrzut. Andrew Obrzut was born in Poland, studied at the Medical Faculty of the Jagiellonian University in Cracow (Poland) and received a diploma of the Doctor of Medicine. Andrew Obrzut was a student of the founder of the Czech Institute of Pathological Anatomy Yaroslav Hlava and in 1887 defended his dissertation for the post-doctorate scientific degree of medicine on the topic “About blood’s participation in the onset of the inflammatory process” in Prague. In 1891-1896 he was a professor in the Department of Pathological Anatomy at the at Charl’s University in Prague. Andrew Obrzut greatly influenced the development of Pathological Anatomy in Poland, Czechy and Ukraine. In 1896, he accepted the proposal of Yaroslav Hlava to organise a department of pathological anatomy at Lviv University. On 9th December 1896, the first lecture “On the Importance of Pathological Anatomy for Medical Education” was read to the students of the third year of study in the Faculty of Medicine of Lviv University, in the lecture hall, by the doctor of medicine, Professor Andrew Obrzut and this day is considered the date of foundation of the department. Andrew Obrzut - the organiser of the Museum of Human Diseases (1896-1910) of the Medical Faculty. The scientific achievements of A. Obrzut are summarised in unique publications published in German, Polish, French, and Czech language about new research on the pathogenesis of glomerulonephritis, tuberculosis, caseous pneumonia, amyloid degeneration and others. However, the first of all his merits for the readership of Polish and Ukraine pathologists was his a two-volume textbook on Pathological Anatomy and Bacteriology. Andrew Obrzut remains an outstanding example of a very careful and precise pathologist.
Keywords
Pathological Anatomy, Medical Faculty, Lviv, the Museum of Human Diseases
To cite this article
Dmytro Zerbino, Liliya Volos, Andrew Obrzut - Eminent Polish Professor, First Head of the Department of Pathological Anatomy (1896-1910) of the Medical Faculty of Lviv University, American Journal of Biomedical and Life Sciences. Vol. 8, No. 1, 2020, pp. 5-10. doi: 10.11648/j.ajbls.20200801.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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