The Study of Implementation of Safety Regulation for Children in Radiology Department
Journal of Cancer Treatment and Research
Volume 5, Issue 3, May 2017, Pages: 48-50
Received: Feb. 19, 2017; Accepted: Mar. 16, 2017; Published: May 24, 2017
Views 2514      Downloads 107
K. Ebrahim Nezhad Gorji, Radiobiology & Radiation Protection Faculty, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
S. Z. Hosseini Motlagh, Radiobiology & Radiation Protection Faculty, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
GH Ataei, Faculty of Paramedical Sciences, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
Article Tools
Follow on us
During the last few decades in different areas of the world the cancer incidence in children has increased. Children are major users of imaging services. Since children are more sensitive to radiation therefore dose minimization for them is important. The aim of this study is to assessment of safety for children in diagnostic radiology units. This cross-sectional study was conducted in three public hospitals of Khoramabad Lorestan province. 385 check lists in Shohadaye Ashyer, Madani, Taaminegtemaei hospitals are investigated. The checklist has five items with various questions around radiation protection and safety related to patients. The information achieved by the checklists was recorded and entered into SPSS (version 22). Among the 385cases reviewed, 210 were boy (54.6%) and 175 girl (45.4%) patients. The mean age of patients was 6.14 years, ranging from 2 days to 12 years. Only Madani and Taaminegtemaei provided shield and warning posters. The use of shielding number in Shohaday eAshyer and Taaminegtemaeei hospitals is 87 (22.5%) and Madani hospital is 194 (50.3%). Patient dose reduction coincides with avoiding unnecessary exams, minimizing repeat images during exams, field size minimization and using appropriate shielding by performance this cases can be protect patient specially children. The use of gonad shielding in Shohadaye Ashyer hospital does higher rate than in Madani and Taaminegtemaeei hospitals.
Radiation Protection, Children, Radiology
To cite this article
K. Ebrahim Nezhad Gorji, S. Z. Hosseini Motlagh, GH Ataei, The Study of Implementation of Safety Regulation for Children in Radiology Department, Journal of Cancer Treatment and Research. Vol. 5, No. 3, 2017, pp. 48-50. doi: 10.11648/j.jctr.20170503.14
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Joshua S. Broder, Donald P. Frush. Content and Style of Radiation Risk Communication for Pediatric Patients. J. jacr.2013.10.003.
Anish Ghodadra, Stefano Bartoletti. Reducing Radiation Dose in Pediatric Diagnostic Fluoroscopy. J. jacr.2015.07.030.
ICRP PUBLICATION 121: Radiological Protection in Pediatric Diagnostic and International Radiology. Annals of the ICRP 2013. 42 (2). 1-63.
Halle. Giaccia; Radiobiology for the Radiologist (ed 6), Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, New York (2006), pp. 16-29 135-155, 216.
National Council for Radiation Protection and Measurement. Radiation protection in dentistry, Bethesda, MD, 2004; pp. 14-27.
Sandra A. Mathers, Helen Anderson, Sheila McDonald. A survey of imaging services for children in England, Wales and Scotland. Journal. 2011. 20-27.
S L Fawcett, A C Gomez, S J Barter, M Ditchfield, P Set. More harm than good? The anatomy of misguided shielding of the ovaries. BJR. 85 (2012). e442-e447.
Bushong, S. C. (2007). Radiologic Science for Technologist: Physic, Biology and Protection (9thed). St. Louis: Mosby.
Xingminqu, Gangli, Zuyan Zhang, Xuchen Ma. Thyroid shield for radiation dose reduction during cone deam computed tomography scanning for different oral and maxillofacial regions. European Journal of Radiology 81 (2012). e376-e380.
Chaparian A, ShamsiF, Heydari A. Assessment of awareness, attitude, and practice of radiographers about radiation protection in Yazd Province. TebeKar Journal (TKJ) 2013:5 (1):16-23 (Persian).
Debess J, Johnsen K, Vejle Sorensen K, Thomsen H, Alborg Ost, Viborg D. Digital chest radiography: collimation and dose reduction. ECR 2015: European Society of Radiology (poster-Guidlin) 2015. p. 1-13.
Vahid Karami, Mansour Zabihzadeh, MehrdadGholami, Nasim Shams, Zahra FazeliNezhad. Dose Reduction to the Thyroid Gland in Pediatric Chest Radiography. Int J Pediatr 2016:4 (7):2183-2191.
Harinder Paul Singh. Occupational Radiation Protection Method in International Radiology. International Journal of Community Health and Medical Research. 2016:2 (1):20-3.
National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurement. Radiation Protection in Dentistry NCRP Report No.145. Bethesda, National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurement, 2003.
Badrian H, Sheikhi M, Abdinian M. Knowledge, Attitudes and Performance of Dental Practitioners in Isfahan-Iran about Biologic Effects of Ionizing Radiation and Protection Against them in 2011. J Mash Dent Sch 2011:37 (1):19-26 (Persian).
Javadzadeh A, Alipour H. Knowledge of general dentists about radiation protection in oral radiographic examination in the city of Rasht-Iran in 2009. J Mash Dent Sch 2011:35 (1):23-32 (Persian).
Chui Sung Hyun, Park Jung Eun, Chun Woon Kwan, Ju Yong Jin, Yang Nam Hee, Dong Kyung Rae. Usability evaluation through gonad shielding production of pediatric patient by gender and age rating. Journal of Radiation Industry; 2015. 9 (2). 69-75.
Maria T. Pediatric radiation protection. Raissaki in European Radiology 2004:14 (Supp11): 74-83.
Frantzen MJ, Robbern S, Postma AA, Zoetelief J, Wildberger JE, Kemerink GJ. Gonad shielding in padiatric pelvic radiography: disadvantages prevail over benefit. Insights Imaging2012:3 (1): 23-32.
Karami V, Gholami M. A Systematic Review on the Prevalence of Shielding in Patient Undergoing Diagnostic X-ray Procedures in Iran. Proceeding of the 7th internal congress Student Research: 2015 march 1: Jundishapur University of Medical Sience, Ahvaz, Iran: 2015. p. 249.
VahidKarami, Mansour Zabihzadeh. Radiation Protection in Diagnostic X-ray Imaging Departments in Iran: A Systematic Review of Published Articles. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2016:26 (135):175-188 (Persian).
Shahbazigahrooiy D. Quality control of diagnostic radiology equipment in hospitals of ChaharmahalBakhtiari Province (2005-2006). Journal of Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences 2005:5 (4):11-18 (persian).
Keikhai-Farzaneh M-J, Shirin-Shandiz M, Vardian M, Deevband M-R, Kardan M-R. The quality control of diagnostic radiology devices in hospitals of Sistan and Bluchestan, Iran. Indian Journal of Science and Technology 2011:4 (11):1458-1459.
Tamjidi A. Principles of radiation protection in radiology centers in the province South, fourth year the first issue (2001) 47-52.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186