Melanoma Review: Epidemiology, Risk Factors, Diagnosis and Staging
Journal of Cancer Treatment and Research
Volume 4, Issue 1, January 2016, Pages: 1-15
Received: Feb. 22, 2016; Accepted: Mar. 8, 2016; Published: Apr. 21, 2016
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Rodrigo Arrangoiz, Sociedad Quirúrgica S.C. at the American British Cowdray Medical Center, Mexico City, Mexico
Joel Dorantes, Sociedad Quirúrgica S.C. at the American British Cowdray Medical Center, Mexico City, Mexico
Fernando Cordera, Sociedad Quirúrgica S.C. at the American British Cowdray Medical Center, Mexico City, Mexico
Manuel Muñoz Juarez, Sociedad Quirúrgica S.C. at the American British Cowdray Medical Center, Mexico City, Mexico
Eduardo Moreno Paquentin, Sociedad Quirúrgica S.C. at the American British Cowdray Medical Center, Mexico City, Mexico
Enrique Luque de León, Sociedad Quirúrgica S.C. at the American British Cowdray Medical Center, Mexico City, Mexico
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Study Aim: Cutaneous melanoma accounts for approximately 4% of all skin cancers diagnosis each year in the USA but is responsible for 75% of skin cancer deaths. Physicians need to have an up to date knowledge about the epidemiology, risk factors, and clinical features of melanoma in order to make an early diagnosis and provide appropriate management decisions to improve survival in this aggressive malignancy. We will be presenting an extensive, up to date, literature review of cutaneous melanoma including the epidemiology, risk factors, diagnosis and staging. Method: An extensive literature review was performed using the following search engines: Pubmed, Ovid, Miromedex, and Dynamed. We limited our literature search to research papers written in English using the following keywords: cutaneous melanoma, epidemiology of melanoma, risk factors for melanoma, diagnosis of melanoma, clinical classification and staging of melanoma. Results: As a result of our extensive literature review we present an up to date review on the epidemiology, pathogenesis, risk factors, diagnosis, classification and staging of cutaneous melanoma. Conclusion: Physicians need to have an up to date knowledge about the epidemiology, risk factors, and clinical features in order to make an early diagnosis and provide appropriate management decisions in order to improve the survival patients with this aggressive malignancy.
Cutaneous Melanoma, Epidemiology of Melanoma, Risk Factors for Melanoma, Diagnosis of Melanoma, Clinical Classification and Staging of Melanoma
To cite this article
Rodrigo Arrangoiz, Joel Dorantes, Fernando Cordera, Manuel Muñoz Juarez, Eduardo Moreno Paquentin, Enrique Luque de León, Melanoma Review: Epidemiology, Risk Factors, Diagnosis and Staging, Journal of Cancer Treatment and Research. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2016, pp. 1-15. doi: 10.11648/j.jctr.20160401.11
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This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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