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Psychoactive Substance Use Among Nigerian Students; Patterns and Sociodemographic Correlates
American Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience
Volume 5, Issue 2, March 2017, Pages: 22-25
Received: Apr. 12, 2017; Accepted: Apr. 18, 2017; Published: Apr. 24, 2017
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Author
Chukwujekwu Chidozie Donald, Department of Neuropsychiatry, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
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Abstract
The increase in use and misuse of psychoactive substances is a global challenge of grave public health concern. This study aims to ascertain the patterns and socio-demographic correlates of psychoactive substances among undergraduates in a Nigerian University. Two hundred and ninety three subjects participated in the study. Questionnaires on risk factors and variation of psychoactive substances abused as well as on socio-demographic variables were administered to each participant. The prevalence of psychoactive substance use was 65.5%. the odds for use of the drugs was highest with alcohol 178(60.8%) and least for inhalational solvents 75(25.6%).There was significant association between gender and the use of: Cannabis X2 = 7.846, df=1, p<0.05, Cocaine X2 = 36.602, df=1, p<0.05,Other opioids X2 = 29.847, df=1, p<0.05, Sleeping pills X2 = 9.862, df=2, p<0.05. Nicotine X2 = 17.264, df=1, p<0.05, Inhalational solvents X2 = 6.598, df=1, p<0.05. Similarly, there was significant association between academic class and:- Cannabis X2 = 14.916, df=5, p<0.05, Heroine X2 = 12.272, df=5, p<0.05,Codeine X2 = 9.577, df=1, p<0.05, Other Opioids X2 = 15.962, df=5, p<0.05, Nicotine X2 = 15.496, df=5, p<0.05, Caffeine X2 = 13.428, df=5, p<0.05, Inhalational solvents X2 = 21.505, df=5, p<0.05. Also there was significant association between family history of use of psychoactive substances and use of Opioids X2 = 8.157, df=1, p<0.05The propensity of use of psychoactive substance has become a global emergency that requires desperate measures to curtail. This study is an effort to further emphasize this urgency.
Keywords
Psychoactive, Substances, Alcohol, Prevalence, Drugs, Associated, Significant
To cite this article
Chukwujekwu Chidozie Donald, Psychoactive Substance Use Among Nigerian Students; Patterns and Sociodemographic Correlates, American Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience. Vol. 5, No. 2, 2017, pp. 22-25. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpn.20170502.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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