Comorbidity of Depressive Symptomatology in Patients Aged 60-80 Years with More than Two Chronic Physical Illnesses in General Practice
American Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience
Volume 5, Issue 6-1, November 2017, Pages: 36-36
Received: Oct. 10, 2017; Accepted: Oct. 12, 2017; Published: Oct. 13, 2017
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Authors
Ivo Natsov, State Psychiatric Hospital, Karlukovo, Bulgaria
Rumen Triffonov, General Practice Avicena, Pleven, Bulgaria
Svetlana Velikova, State Psychiatric Hospital, Karlukovo, Bulgaria
Vladimir Nankov, Minicipal General Hospital, Kneja, Bulgaria
Kaloian Natsov, Medical University, Sofia, Bulgaria
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Abstract
Objectives: To investigate the prevalence of clinically relevant and subsyndromal depressive symptoms in patients aged 60-80 years with more than two somatic diseases; To approbate PRIME-MD as a tool for investigating depression in later life; to verify the hypothesis that the presence of more than two somatic diseases is a predictor of depression.
Method: from October 2014 to March 2016 the group of patients in the age 60-80 years with more than two documented chronic diseases were investigated by means of PRIME-MD. The assessment of multimorbidity was done using the patients health records. Its burden was assessed by the Cumulative Illness Rating Scale.
Results: depressive syndromes were significantly more frequent in patients with multimorbidity. Multimorbidity is associated with a higher sum of points in PHQ- 9 and heavier levels of depressive symptoms in comparison with the general population. PHQ- 9 is a fast and reliable tool for evaluating depression in later life.
Conclusion: multimorbidity is the rule rather than exception in later life. Diagnosis of depression in patients with multimorbidity may be difficult because of the manifestation of depressive symptoms as somatic. Probably there is a need of mandatory screening for depression in patients with more than two chronic physical disorders in general practice.
Keywords
Comorbidity, Depression, Multimorbidity
To cite this article
Ivo Natsov, Rumen Triffonov, Svetlana Velikova, Vladimir Nankov, Kaloian Natsov, Comorbidity of Depressive Symptomatology in Patients Aged 60-80 Years with More than Two Chronic Physical Illnesses in General Practice, American Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience. Special Issue: “In and out of Your Mind” Abstracts of 1st Eastern European Conference of Mental Health. Vol. 5, No. 6-1, 2017, pp. 36-36. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpn.s.2017050601.46
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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