Strategies to Prevent Delirium in ICU
American Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience
Volume 5, Issue 6-1, November 2017, Pages: 31-31
Received: Oct. 10, 2017; Accepted: Oct. 12, 2017; Published: Oct. 13, 2017
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Authors
Mary-Nicoleta Lupu, Department of Clinic Surgery, Dunarea de Jos University, Galati, Romania
Mădălina-Nina Sandu, Departament of Intensive Care “Sf. Ap. Andrei” Hospital, Galati, Romania
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Abstract
Introduction: In the recent years there has been an increase in the use of psychoactive drugs, especially in adolescents and young people. Known as the "ethnobotanics", they are synthetic drugs produced in clandestine locations. Traded under different names - dried plants, scented sticks, bath salts, etc., they can induce states of euphoria, lack of fatigue, low appetite, amnesia, detachment. The undesirable effects consist of hallucinations, panic attacks, paranoia, aggressive behavior, and in the event of an overdose there are nausea, vomiting, hemodynamic instability, tachycardic pulse, seizure risk, coma.
Material and method: Four young patients were admitted in the Intensive Care Unit with a very serious general condition, deeply comorbid, following the ethnobotanic consumption. The treatment consisted of hydroelectrolytic rebalancing, vital function support, mechanical ventilation.
Results and Discussion: Under specific therapy for intensive care and careful monitoring of vital functions, evolution was favorable, allowing patients to be transferred to the department and subsequently taken over by the psychiatrist to assess drug addiction and specific treatment.
Conclusions: The lack of information on the chemical composition has hampered the therapy of these patients, this being especially oriented towards the treatment of dysfunctions and organ failure.
Keywords
Ethnobotanic, Deep Coma, Intensive Therapy, Vital Functions, Hemodynamic Instability
To cite this article
Mary-Nicoleta Lupu, Mădălina-Nina Sandu, Strategies to Prevent Delirium in ICU, American Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience. Special Issue: “In and out of Your Mind” Abstracts of 1st Eastern European Conference of Mental Health. Vol. 5, No. 6-1, 2017, pp. 31-31. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpn.s.2017050601.41
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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