Relationship Between the Baby Blues and Postpartum Depression: A Study Among Cameroonian Women
American Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience
Volume 8, Issue 1, March 2020, Pages: 26-29
Received: Feb. 9, 2020; Accepted: Feb. 25, 2020; Published: Mar. 24, 2020
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Georges Pius Kamsu Moyo, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Nadège Djoda, Department of Internal Medicine, Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon
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Background: The baby blues and postpartum depression are two of the three major entities of psychic disorders related to the puerperium. There exists a chronological distinction of these conditions which equally vary according to severity and prognosis. Objectives: This study aimed at investigating a possible relationship between the baby blues and postpartum depression in newly delivered Cameroonian women. Method: A retrospective study with case-control design was carried out at the Yaoundé Gyneco-Obstetric and Paediatric Hospital (YGOPH) over a period of 6 months on a sample of 214 newly delivered women. The group of cases consisted of women diagnosed with postpartum depression, while the group of controls consisted of women without postpartum depression. Subjects that were earlier checked for baby blues using the Kennerley and Gath blues questionnaire during the 1st week following delivery, were reassessed between the 4th and 6th weeks to diagnose postpartum depression. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) was used to separate various groups and a retrospective cross checking was made. Results: We recruited 214 newly delivered women, among which 50 (23.36%) manifested postpartum depression while 164 (76.63%) women did not. Up to 31 (62%) of women with postpartum depression had earlier manifested the baby blues. After multivariate analysis of risk factors, the baby blues appeared as one of the independent predictive factors for postpartum depression (OR=3.52, p=0.00). Conclusion: The baby blues was not only a risk factor, but also an independent predictive factor for the manifestation of postpartum depression in this survey. Therefore, the prevention and early management of the baby blues during the perinatal period may help to prevent the onset of postpartum depression.
Baby Blues, Maternity Blues, Postpartum Depression, Cameroon
To cite this article
Georges Pius Kamsu Moyo, Nadège Djoda, Relationship Between the Baby Blues and Postpartum Depression: A Study Among Cameroonian Women, American Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience. Vol. 8, No. 1, 2020, pp. 26-29. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpn.20200801.16
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