Comparative Study of Prevalence and Correlates of Mental Health Problems in Deaf and Hearing Adolescents in a Semi-Inclusive Setting in Ibadan, Southwest Nigeria
American Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience
Volume 7, Issue 1, March 2019, Pages: 1-7
Received: Jan. 18, 2019; Accepted: Feb. 18, 2019; Published: Mar. 5, 2019
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Yetunde Adeniyi, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria; Department of Psychiatry, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
Olayinka Omigbodun, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria; Department of Psychiatry, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
Aderemi Adeosun, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Ibadan and University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria
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Adolescents with deafness exhibit higher mental health problems when compared with their hearing peers. There is limited information on the mental health problems of adolescents with deafness living in the sub-Saharan Africa. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of mental health problems in a group of deaf adolescents and the relationship with socio-demographic characteristics and to compare with their hearing counterparts. Materials and Methods: Teachers of 102 deaf adolescents and 102 age- and sex-matched hearing adolescents completed the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). Severity of deafness was assessed using Pure Tone Audiometry, using a five-frequency average. Results: The results showed that 88.2% and 11.8% of the deaf participants had profound and severe forms of deafness respectively. The prevalence of behavioural problems was significantly higher in the deaf adolescents than the control, as assessed by their teachers’ (64.3% vs. 35.7%; p < 0.001). Ninety seven percent of the deaf participants reported no hearing aids use. Parental separation/divorce and mother’s educational status were significantly associated with higher rates of behavioural problems (p < 0.05). There was no significant association between severity of impairment and mental health problems. Conclusion: Almost all the factors associated with deafness that are highlighted in this study are preventable through appropriate health and social interventions such as hearing aids, and will require that appropriate policy measures are put in place.
Adolescents, Deafness, Mental Health Problems, Sub-Saharan Africa
To cite this article
Yetunde Adeniyi, Olayinka Omigbodun, Aderemi Adeosun, Comparative Study of Prevalence and Correlates of Mental Health Problems in Deaf and Hearing Adolescents in a Semi-Inclusive Setting in Ibadan, Southwest Nigeria, American Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience. Vol. 7, No. 1, 2019, pp. 1-7. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpn.20190701.11
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