Dementia Syndrome Revealing Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Department of Neurology at Fann National Teaching Hospital in Dakar (Senegal)
American Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience
Volume 5, Issue 2, March 2017, Pages: 16-18
Received: Jan. 19, 2017; Accepted: Feb. 24, 2017; Published: Mar. 27, 2017
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Authors
Ousmane Cisse, Department of Neurology, Fann National Teaching Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Marieme Soda Diop-Sène, Department of Neurology, Fann National Teaching Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Soumaila Boubacar, Department of Neurology, Fann National Teaching Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
El Hadji Makhtar Ba, Department of Neurology, Fann National Teaching Hospital, Dakar, Senegal; Department of Psychiatry, Fann National Teaching Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Fatoumata Ba, Department of Psychiatry, Fann National Teaching Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Ibrahima Mariam Diallo, Department of Neurology, Fann National Teaching Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Ngor Side Diagne, Department of Neurology, Fann National Teaching Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Patrice Ntenga, Department of Neurology, Fann National Teaching Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Lala Bouna Seck, Department of Neurology, Fann National Teaching Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Kamador Touré, Department of Neurology, Fann National Teaching Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Moustapha Ndiaye, Department of Neurology, Fann National Teaching Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Amadou Gallo Diop, Department of Neurology, Fann National Teaching Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Mouhamadou Mansour Ndiaye, Department of Neurology, Fann National Teaching Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
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Abstract
Dementia is a serious disease due to its morbidity and mortality. The etiology is dominated by Alzheimer's disease. However, there are dementia syndromes related to treatable and potentially curable cause. It’s rarely reported in clinical practice in our context. We report a case of dementia associated with lymphoblastic acute leukemia complicated by lymphocytic meningitis. F. ND aged 66, widow, unschooled and unemployed was hospitalized for gait disturbance and progressive appearance of memory disorders. On physical examination, there was a dementia syndrome, bilateral pyramidal syndrome. The rest of the clinical examination associated with additional tests (thoraco-abdominal-pelvic CT scan, lumbar puncture, and myelogram) was in favor of lymphocytic meningitis and acute lymphocytic leukemia. Dementia is a disease in which the search for the cause is crucial for considering an etiological support. Blood diseases such as LAL are treatable causes. The clinic provides a guidance element of research. Also, multidisciplinary care is necessary in these kinds of patients for a better development. This scientific cooperation must be done with, hematologists, internal medicine specialists and other colleagues.
Keywords
Dementia, Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Lymphocytic Meningitis, Senegal
To cite this article
Ousmane Cisse, Marieme Soda Diop-Sène, Soumaila Boubacar, El Hadji Makhtar Ba, Fatoumata Ba, Ibrahima Mariam Diallo, Ngor Side Diagne, Patrice Ntenga, Lala Bouna Seck, Kamador Touré, Moustapha Ndiaye, Amadou Gallo Diop, Mouhamadou Mansour Ndiaye, Dementia Syndrome Revealing Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Department of Neurology at Fann National Teaching Hospital in Dakar (Senegal), American Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience. Vol. 5, No. 2, 2017, pp. 16-18. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpn.20170502.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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