Investigating the Effect of ZnSe (ETM) and Cu2O (HTM) on Absorber Layer on the Performance of Pervoskite Solar Cell Using SCAPS-1D
American Journal of Physics and Applications
Volume 8, Issue 1, January 2020, Pages: 8-18
Received: Dec. 19, 2019; Accepted: Feb. 6, 2020; Published: Mar. 17, 2020
Views 268      Downloads 234
Authors
Joshua Adeyemi Owolabi, Department of Physics, Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna, Nigeria
Mohammed Yusuf Onimisi, Department of Physics, Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna, Nigeria
Jessica Amuchi Ukwenya, Department of Physics, Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna, Nigeria
Alexander Bulus Bature, Department of Physics, Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna, Nigeria
Ugbe Raphael Ushiekpan, Department of Physics, Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna, Nigeria
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Tin perovskite (CH3NH3SnI3) have attracted a lot of attention and could be a viable alternative material to replace lead perovskite in thin film solar cells. A detailed understanding on the effects of each component of a solar cell on its output performance is needed to further develop the technology. In this work, a numerical simulation of a planar hetero-junction tin based perovskite solar cell using Solar Cell Capacitance Simulator (SCAPS) to study some parameters that can influence the performance of tin PSC with Cu2O as HTL and ZnSe as ETL performed. The thickness of absorber material, ETL and HTL, the bandgap of absorber material and ETL was investigated. Results revealed that the thickness and bandgap of the absorber material and ETL of ZnSe strongly influence the PCE of the device. The performance of the cell increases with reduction in thickness of ZnSe. ZnSe is found to be a replacement for TiO2 which is expensive. Cuprous oxide of HTL in tin based PSC is efficient and better than the expensive spiro-MeOTAD which is easily degradable. Furthermore, results of simulation and optimization of various thicknesses indicates that ZnSe has a PCE of 21.11%, FF of 68.33%, JSC of 33.51mA/cm2 and VOC of 0.92V. These values slightly increase after optimization of parameters to PCE of 22.28%, FF of 70.94%, JSC of 31.01mA/cm2 and VOC of 1.01V.
Keywords
Solar Cell, Perovskite, Device Simulation, SCAPS, Efficiency
To cite this article
Joshua Adeyemi Owolabi, Mohammed Yusuf Onimisi, Jessica Amuchi Ukwenya, Alexander Bulus Bature, Ugbe Raphael Ushiekpan, Investigating the Effect of ZnSe (ETM) and Cu2O (HTM) on Absorber Layer on the Performance of Pervoskite Solar Cell Using SCAPS-1D, American Journal of Physics and Applications. Vol. 8, No. 1, 2020, pp. 8-18. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpa.20200801.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Noel K. N., Samuel D. S., Antonio A., Christian W., Simone G., Amir A. H., Aditya S., Giles E. E., Sandeep K. P., Michael B. J., Annamaria P., Laura M. H., and Henry J. S., (2014). “Lead Free Organic-Inorganic Tin Halide Perovskites for Photovoltaic Applications,” Energy Environ. Sci., vol. 7, pp. 3061–3068.
[2]
Bube. R. H., (1998). Photovoltaic Materials. London: Imperial College Press. Burgelman. M., Nollet. P., and Degrave. S., (2000). Thin Solid Films 361, 527.
[3]
Anish. M., Fabian. B., Jesper. G. A., Fredrik. H., (2016). “A review of solar Energy Based heat and power generation Systems”, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 67, pp. 1047–1064, 2017.
[4]
Bansal, Shubhra, and Puruswottam Aryal. (2017). "Evaluation of new materials for electron and hole transport layers in perovskite-based solar cells through SCAPS-1D simulations. "In Photovoltaic Specialist Conference (PVSC), IEEE 44th, pp. 1-4. IEEE, 2017.
[5]
Chen Q. Y., Huang Y., Huang P. R., Ma T., Cao C., and He Y. (2016). “Electro negativity Explanation on the efficiency-enhancing mechanism of the hybrid inorganic-organic perovskite ABX3 from first principles study” China Physics B, DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/25/2/027104, Vol. 25, No. 2 pp. 027104-1-6.
[6]
Du H. J., Wang W. C., and Zhu J. Z., (2016). “Device simulation of lead-free CH3NH3SnI3 perovskite solar cells with high efficiency,” Chinese Physics B, vol. 25.
[7]
Haider S. Z., Anwar H. and Wang M., (2018). “A comprehensive device modelling of perovskite solar cell with inorganic copper iodide as hole transport material”, Semiconductor Science and Technology 33035001 (2018) 12pp.
[8]
Behrouznejad F., Shahbazi S., Taghavinia N., Diau H. P. Wu, and E. W. G., (2016). “A study on utilizing different metals as the back contact of CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite solar cells,” Journal of Materials Chemistry A, vol. 4, pp. 13488–13498.
[9]
Scheer R 2009 J. Appl. Phys. 105 104505.
[10]
Balema V., (2009). “Alternative Energy Photovoltaics, Ionic Liquids, and MOFs,” Mateial Matters, vol. 4, no. 4, p. 1.
[11]
Burgelman M., Koen D., Alex N., Johan V., and Stefaan D., (2014). “SCAPS manual”.
[12]
Burschka. J. Pellet N., Moon S. J., Humphry-Baker R., Gao P., Nazeeruddin M. K., and Gratzel M., (2013). Sequential deposition as a route to high-performance Perovskite sensitized solar cells. Nature 499, 316–319.
[13]
Casas, G. A., Cappelletti, M. A., Cédola, A. P., Soucase, B. M., andBlancá, E. P. (2017). Analysis of the power conversion efficiency of perovskite solar cells with different materials as Hole-Transport Layer by numerical simulations. Super lattices and Microstructures, 107, 136-143.
[14]
Fahrenbruch. A. L., and Bube. R. H., (1983). Fundamentals in Solar Cells. New York: Academic Press.
[15]
Frolova L. A., Dremova N. N. and Troshin P. A., (2015). “The chemical origin of the p-type and n-type doping effects in the hybrid methylammonium–lead iodide (MAPbI3) Perovskite solar cells”, Chemical Communication 51 (2015) 14917–14920.
[16]
Goudarzi M, Banihashemi M. (2017). Simulation of an inverted perovskite solar cell with inorganic electron and hole transfer layers. Journal of Photonics for Energy; 7 (2): 022001.
[17]
Green. M. A., Keith E., Yoshihiro H., Ewan D., (2013). “Solar cell efficiency tables (version 43),” pp. 1–9.
[18]
Green. M. A., Ho-Baillie. A., and Snaith. H. J., (2014). The emergence of perovskite solar cells. Nature Photonics, 8 (7), nphoton-2014.
[19]
Green. M. A., (2016). Nat. Energy 1, 15015.
[20]
Green. M. A., (1990). Photovoltaics: coming of age, Conference: Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, Conference Record of the Twenty First IEEE.
[21]
Green. M. A., (1998). Solar cells: Operating principles, technology and system applications. Kensington: The University of New South Wales.
[22]
Green. M. A., (2001). Solar Energy, the States of the Art. London: James & James.
[23]
Gu Y. F., Du H. J., Li N. N., Yang L., and Zhou C. Y., (2019). Effect of carrier mobility on performance of perovskite solar cells. Chinese physicist B, 2019, 28 (4): 048802.
[24]
Hao F., Stoumpos C. C., Cao D. H., Chang R. P. H., Kanatzidis M. G., (2014). Nat. Photonics 8, 489.
[25]
Hao F., Stoumpos C. C., Chang R. P. H., and Kanatzidis M. G. (2014). J. Am. Chem. Soc. 136-8094.
[26]
Hao F., Stoumpos C. C., Guo P., Zhou N., Marks T. J., Chang R. P. H and Kanatzidis M. G. (2015). J. Am. Chem. Soc. 137 11445.
[27]
Hossain, M. F., Faisal, M., & Okada, H. (2016). Device modeling and performance analysis of perovskite solar cells based on similarity with inorganic thin film solar cells structure. In Electrical, Computer & Telecommunication Engineering (ICECTE), International Conference on (pp. 1-4). IEEE.
[28]
Hossain, Mohammad I., NouarTabet, and Fahhad H. Alharbi. ((2015)). "Copper oxide as inorganic hole transport material for lead halide perovskite based solar cells." Solar Energy 120 (2015): 370-380.
[29]
Karimi, E., and Ghorashi S. M. B., (2017). "Investigation of the influence of different hole transporting materials on the performance of perovskite solar cells." Optik- International Journal for Light and Electron Optics 130 (2017): 650-658.
[30]
Kemp K. W., Labelle A. J., Thon S. M., Ip A. H., Kramer I. J., Hoogland S. and Sargent E. H. (2013). Adv. Energy Mater. 3 917.
[31]
Liu F., Zhu J., Wei J., Li Y., Lv M., Yang S., Zhang B., Yao J., and Dai S. (2014). “Numerical simulation: Toward the design of high-efficiency planar perovskite solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 253508, no. 104.
[32]
Liu. M., Johnston. M. B., and Snaith. H. J. (2013). Efficient planar heterojunction perovskite solar cells by vapour deposition. Nature, 501 (7467), 395.
[33]
Malinkiewicz O., Yella A., Lee Y. H., Espallargas G. M., Graetzel M., Nazeeruddin M. K., and Bolink H. J.,(2014). Perovskite solar cells employing organic charge transport layers. Nature Photon. 8, 128–132.
[34]
Mikhailova. I. A., (2011). Introduction to nano energy: tutorial. ‒ М: Moscow Power Engineering Institute “MPEI”. Publishing house MPEI, 317.1.
[35]
Minemoto T., and M. M., (2014). “Device modelling of perovskite solar cells based on structural similarity with thin film inorganic semiconductor solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys., vol. 116, no. 5, p. 054505.
[36]
Minemoto T., and Murata M. (2014). J. Appl. Phys. 116 054505.
[37]
Minemoto T, and Murata M. (2014). Impact of work function of back contact of perovskite solar cells without hole transport material analyzed by device simulation. Curr. Appl Phys; 14: 1428–33.
[38]
Mohammad TawheedKibria, AkilAhammed, Saad Mahmud Sony, Faisal Hossain, Shams- Ul-Islam, (2014). “A Review: Comparative studies on Different generation solar cells technology”.
[39]
Niemegeers, A., Burgelman, M., Decock, K., Verschraegen, J., and Degrave, S. (2014). SCAPS manual. University of Gent.
[40]
Niemegeers. A. and Burgelman. M., (1996). In Proc. 25nd IEEE Photovoltaic Spec. Conf., pp. 901.
[41]
Oliva-Chatelain B. L., and Andrew R. B., (2011). “An Introduction to Solar Cell Technology.”
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186