Filling with the Graphene Nanoplates as a Way to Improve Properties of Epoxy-Composites for Industrial and Geophysical Machinery
American Journal of Physics and Applications
Volume 5, Issue 6, November 2017, Pages: 120-125
Received: Nov. 11, 2017;
Accepted: Dec. 5, 2017;
Published: Jan. 3, 2018
Views 1351 Downloads 46
Dmitro Starokadomsky, Composite Laboratory, Chuiko Institute of Surface Chemistry, National Academy of Sciences, Kiev, Ukraïna
Anatoly Ishenko, Department of Machines for Black Metallurgy, Priazovsky State Technologic University (PGTU), Mariupol, Ukraïna
Maria Reshetnyk, Geophysical Section, National Nature Muzeum, Kiev, Ukraïna
It is established that the filling with graphenes increases (by 1.3-1.8 times) the strength at normal adhesion to steel. At same time, filling reduces the compressive strength and abrasion resistance and also resistance to aggressive liquids (conc. nitric acid, chloromethylene; mixture acetone-ethylacetate). The most probable reason for this may be the features of the graphene plate structure, prone to deactivation (self-rotation) of particles and therefore sensitive to the technology of hardening. Studies have shown the limited positive effects of graphene as a filler of epoxydes, although its introduction can significantly improve certain practical characteristics (adhesion, thermal and electrical conductivity).
Filling with the Graphene Nanoplates as a Way to Improve Properties of Epoxy-Composites for Industrial and Geophysical Machinery, American Journal of Physics and Applications.
Vol. 5, No. 6,
2017, pp. 120-125.
A. K. Geim, K. S. Novoselov (2007), Nature Materials, 6, 183-187.
B. M. Gorelov, A. M. Gorb, O. I. Polovina, A. B. Nadtochiy, D. L. Starokadomsky, S. V. Shulga, and V. M. Ogenko (2016) Impact of FewLayered Graphene Plates on Structure and Properties of an Epoxy Resin. Nanotechn., Nanomat., Nanotechnology 14(4), 527-537.
K. Chang, M. Hsu, H. Lu, M. Lai, P. Liu, C. Hsu, W. Ji, T. Chuang, Y. Wei, J. Yeh, W. (2014) Liu Room-temperature cured hydrophobic epoxy/graphene composites as corrosion inhibitor for cold-rolled steel. CARBON 66, 144–153.
D. Starokadomsky, S. Shulgа, А. Svatogor, A. Оbrazkov, А. Ткаchenkо (2015). Effect of Graphene 1 – 5 wt% on Epoxy-composite characteristics. INTERN. MEETING «CLUSTERS AND NANOSTRUCTURED MATERIALS» (CNM-4), Uzhhorod, 10.2015 - Р. 131.
L.-Ch. Tang (2013). The effect of graphene dispersion on the mechanical properties of graphene/epoxy composites. CARBON 60 (8), 16-27 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0008622313002698.
Manjunatha G., R. George, I. Hiremath (2016). Functionalized Graphene for Epoxy Composites with Improved Mechanical Properties. American Journal of Materials Science, 6 (4A), 41-46.
Y. Ni, L. Chen, K. Teng, J. Shi, X. Qian, Z. Xu, X. Tian, C. Hu, and M. Ma (2015). Superior Mechanical Properties of Epoxy Composites Reinforced by 3D Interconnected Graphene Skeleton. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 7 (21), 11583–11591.
X. Liu, X. Sun, Z. Wang, X. Shen, Y. Wu, J. Kim (2015). Planar Porous Graphene Woven Fabric/Epoxy Composites with Exceptional Electrical, Mechanical Properties, and Fracture Toughness. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 7 (38), pp 21455–21464.
A. Yu, P. Ramesh, M. E. Itkis, E. Bekyarova, R. Haddon (2007). Graphite Nanoplatelet−Epoxy Composite Thermal Interface Materials. J. Phys. Chem. C, 111 (21), pp 7565–7569.
Starokadomsky D., Tkachenko A., Shulga S. Filling with the Graphene Nanoplates as Effective Method of Considerable Adhesion Increase to Steel of Epoxy-Composite Tapes (2017). Materials of ХVI International Conference PHYSICS AND TECHNOLOGY OF THIN FILMS AND NANOSYSTEMS (ICPTTFN-ХVI). - Uzhgorod, 5.2017. - Р. 253.
Danielle R. Klimek-McDonald, "MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF GRAPHENE NANOPLATELET/EPOXY COMPOSITES", Ph. D. Dissertation, Michigan Technological University, 2015. – 240 р. http://digitalcommons.mtu.edu/etds/1014.
Q. Li, Y. Guo, W. Li, S. Qiu, C. Zhu, X. Wei, M. Chen, C. Liu, S. Liao, Y. Gong, A. Mishra, L. Liu (2014). Ultrahigh Thermal Conductivity of Assembled Aligned Multilayer Graphene/Epoxy Composite. Chem. Mater. 26 (15), pp 4459–4465.
Vertically Aligned and Interconnected Graphene Networks for High Thermal Conductivity of Epoxy Composites with Ultralow Loading (2016). G. Lian, C. Tuan, L. Li, S. Jiao, Q. Wang, K. Moon, D. Cui, C. Wong. Chem. Mater., 28 (17), 6096–6104.
Ultralow Electrical Percolation in Graphene Aerogel/Epoxy Composites Zhenyu Wang, Xi Shen, Ne Myo Han, Xu Liu, Ying Wu, Wenjing Ye, and Jang-Kyo Kim// Chem. Mater., 2016, 28 (18), pp 6731–6741.
Graphene Aerogel/Epoxy Composites with Exceptional Anisotropic Structure and Properties. Z. Wang, X. Shen, M. Garakani, X. Lin, Y. Wu, X. Liu, X. Sun, J. Kim (2015). ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 7 (9), 5538–5549.
J. King, D. Klimek, I. Miskioglu (2015). Mechanical properties of graphene nanoplatelet/epoxy composites. Journal of Composite Materials 49 (6).
Thermally Annealed Anisotropic Graphene Aerogels and Their Electrically Conductive Epoxy Composites with Excellent Electromagnetic Interference Shielding Efficiencies. X. Li, X. Li, K. Liao, P. Min, T. Liu, A. Dasari, Z. Yu (2016). ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 8 (48), 33230–33239.
I. Dobrotvor, K. Moroz, A. Buketov, P. Stuhlyak (2009). Epoxycomposites for coatings: IR-spectral and optical analysis of structure., gel-fraction in composites. Westi of Ternopol (Puluj) State Technical University, 1 33-45 (in Russian).
Starokadomsky D. (2017) Epoxy Composites with 10 and 50 wt% Micronanoiron: Strength, Microstructure, and Chemical and Thermal Resistance. Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry 90 (8), 1304−1312 ISSN 1070-4272.
Zuev U. Destruction of polymers in aggressive media (in Russian). Moscow (USSR), Chimia, 1972. – 200 p.