Characterization of Atomic and Physical Properties of Biofield Energy Treated Manganese Sulfide Powder
American Journal of Physics and Applications
Volume 3, Issue 6, November 2015, Pages: 215-220
Received: Oct. 24, 2015;
Accepted: Nov. 3, 2015;
Published: Dec. 21, 2015
Views 9850 Downloads 89
Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Trivedi Global Inc., Henderson, USA
Rama Mohan Tallapragada, Trivedi Global Inc., Henderson, USA
Alice Branton, Trivedi Global Inc., Henderson, USA
Dahryn Trivedi, Trivedi Global Inc., Henderson, USA
Gopal Nayak, Trivedi Global Inc., Henderson, USA
Omprakash Latiyal, Trivedi Science Research Laboratory Pvt. Ltd., Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
Snehasis Jana, Trivedi Science Research Laboratory Pvt. Ltd., Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
Manganese sulfide (MnS) is known for its wide applications in solar cell, opto-electronic devices, and photochemical industries. The present study was designed to evaluate the effect of biofield energy treatment on the atomic and physical properties of MnS. The MnS powder sample was equally divided into two parts, referred as to be control and to be treated. The treated part was subjected to Mr. Trivedi’s biofield energy treatment. After that, both control and treated samples were investigated using X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, and electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy. The XRD data revealed that the biofield energy treatment has altered the lattice parameter, unit cell volume, density, and molecular weight of the treated MnS sample as compared to the control. The crystallite size on various planes was significantly changed from -50.0% to 33.3% in treated sample as compared to the control. The FT-IR analysis exhibited that the absorption band attributed to Mn-S stretching vibration was reduced from (634 cm-1) to 613 cm-1 in treated MnS as compared to the control. Besides, the ESR study revealed that g-factor was reduced by 3.3% in the treated sample as compared to the control. Therefore, the biofield energy treated MnS could be applied for the use in solar cell and semiconductor applications.
Mahendra Kumar Trivedi,
Rama Mohan Tallapragada,
Characterization of Atomic and Physical Properties of Biofield Energy Treated Manganese Sulfide Powder, American Journal of Physics and Applications.
Vol. 3, No. 6,
2015, pp. 215-220.
Beltran-Huarac J, Resto O, Carpena-Nuñez J, Jadwisienczak WM, Fonseca LF, et al. (2014) Single-Crystal γ‑MnS Nanowires Conformally Coated with Carbon. Appl Mater Interfaces 6: 1180-1186.
Okajima M, Tohda T (1992) Heteroepitaxial growth of MnS on GaAs substrates. J Cryst Growth 117: 810–815.
Goede O, Heimbrodt WH, Weinhold V (1986) Luminescence and excitation spectroscopy of MnS thin films. Phys Status Solidi B 136: K49-K54.
Kennedy SW, Harris K, Summerville E (1980) Mechanisms of thermal transformation of zinc blende to [NaCl] in MnS crystals. J Solid State Chem 31: 355-359.
Yang X, Wang Y, Wang K, Sui Y, Zhang M, et al. (2012,) Polymorphism and formation mechanism of nanobipods in manganese sulfide nanocrystals induced by temperature or pressure. J Phys Chem C 116: 3292-3297.
Tian Q, Tang M, Jiang FR, Liu YW, Wu JH (2011) Large-scaled star-shaped α-MnS nanocrystals with novel magnetic properties. Chem Commun 47: 8100-8102.
Kravtsova KN, Stekhin IE, Soldatov AV, Liu X, Fleet ME (2004) Electronic structure of MS (M=Ca, Mg, Fe, Mn ):X-ray absorption analysis. Phys Rev B 69: 134109.
Zhao P, Zeng Q, He X, Tang H, Huang K (2008) Preparation of γ-MnS hollow spheres consisting of cones by a hydrothermal method. J Cryst Growth 310: 4268-4272.
Lokhande CD, Ennaoui A, Patil PS, Giersig M, Muller M et al. (1998) Process and characterisation of chemical bath deposited manganese sulphide (MnS) thin films. Thin Solid Films 330: 70-75.
Lu J, Qi P, Peng Y, Meng Z, Yang Z, et al.(2001) Metastable MnS crystallites through solvothermal synthesis. Chem Mater 13: 2169-2172.
Jun Y, Jung Y, Cheon J (2002) Architectural control of magnetic semiconductor nanocrystals. J Am Chem Soc 124: 615-619.
Skromme B, Zhang Y, Smith DJ, Sivananthan S (1995) Growth and characterization of pseudomorphic single crystal zinc blende MnS. Appl Phys Lett 67: 2690-2693.
Veeramanikandasamy T, Rajendran K, Sambath K (2014) Influence of Mn/S molar ratio on the microstructure and optical properties of MnS nanocrystals synthesized by wet chemical technique. J Mater Sci: Mater Electron 25: 3383-3388.
Shi Y, Xue F, Li C, Zhao Q, Qua Z (2011) Preparation and hydrothermal annealing of pure metastable b-MnS thin films by chemical bath deposition (CBD). Mater Res Bull 46: 483-486.
Trivedi MK, Patil S, Nayak G, Jana S, Latiyal O (2015) Influence of biofield treatment on physical, structural and spectral properties of boron nitride. J Material Sci Eng 4: 181.
Trivedi MK, Patil S, Shettigar H, Bairwa K, Jana S (2015) Phenotypic and biotypic characterization of Klebsiella oxytoca: An impact of biofield treatment. J Microb Biochem Technol 7: 202-205.
Saad M, Medeiros RD (2012) Distant healing by the supposed vital energy- scientific bases. Complementary therapies for the contemporary healthcare. InTech.
Barnes PM, Powell-Griner E, McFann K, Nahin RL (2004) Complementary and alternative medicine use among adults: United States, 2002. Adv Data 343: 1-19.
Trivedi MK, Nayak G, Patil S, Tallapragada RM, Latiyal O (2015) Studies of the atomic and crystalline characteristics of ceramic oxide nano nanopowders after bio field treatment. Ind Eng Manage 4: 161.
Trivedi MK, Nayak G, Patil S, Tallapragada RM, Latiyal O et al.(2015) An evaluation of biofield treatment on thermal, physical and structural properties of cadmium nanopowder. J Thermodyn Catal 6: 147.
Trivedi MK, Tallapragada RM, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, et al. (2015) Potential impact of biofield treatment on atomic and physical characteristics of magnesium. Vitam Miner 3: 129.
Trivedi MK, Patil S, Tallapragada RM (2013) Effect of biofield treatment on the physical and thermal characteristics of vanadium pentoxide nanopowder. J Material Sci Eng S11: 001.
Mi L,Chen Y, Zheng Z, Hou H, Chen W (2014) Beneficial metal ion insertion into dandelion-like MnS with enhanced catalytic performance and genetic morphology. RSC Adv 4: 19257-19265.
Trivedi MK, Tallapragada RM (2008) A transcendental to changing metal powder characteristics. Met Powder Rep 63: 22-28, 31.
Kumar P, Kar M (2014) Effect of structural transition on magnetic and dielectric properties of La and Mn co-substituted BiFeO3 ceramics. Mater Chem Phys 148: 968-977.
Girish M, Dhandayuthapani T, Sivakumar R, Sanjeeviraja C (2014) The effect of TEA on structural and optical properties of nebulized spray deposited MnS thin films. Int J Chem Tech Res 6: 3361-3363.
Wang TX, Chen WW (2008) Low-temperature synthesis of pure rock-salt structure manganese sulfide using a single-source molecular precursor. Chem Eng J 144: 146-148.
Liu JD, Zheng XS, Shi ZF, Zhang SQ (2014) Sulfur/mesoporous carbon composites combined with γ-MnS as cathode materials for lithium/sulfur batteries. Ionics 20: 659-664.
Ghosh M, Dilawar N, Bandyopadhyay AK, Raychaudhuri AK (2009) Phonon dynamics of Zn (Mg, Cd)O alloy nanostructures and their phase segregation. J Appl Phys 106:1-6.
Trivedi MK, Nayak G, Patil S, Tallapragada RM, Latiyal O, et al. (2015) Impact of biofield treatment on atomic and structural characteristics of barium titanate nanopowder. Ind Eng Manage 4: 166.
Moloto N, Moloto MJ, Kalenga M, Govindraju S, Airo M (2014) Synthesis and characterization of MnS and MnSe nanoparticles: Morphology, optical and magnetic properties. Opt Mater 36: 31-35.