American Journal of Physics and Applications
Volume 3, Issue 5, September 2015, Pages: 178-182
Received: Jul. 23, 2015;
Accepted: Aug. 3, 2015;
Published: Aug. 14, 2015
Views 4439 Downloads 486
Edwin Zong, Oasis Medical Group Inc, Las Vegas NV, USA
Our universe is an amazing place where matter floats. The endless stories about changing of mass or energy in the universe may overwhelm all tabloid writers. However, Einstein found a very simple way to cover all the stories in “One” equation: E=MC2. Yes, the “C” actually stands for speed of light (photon) in the vacuum. Few will argue photons are electromagnetic/radiation power. However, many deny photon’s mass status. In this paper, the author will assure you that photon is mass, which also happens to serve the foundation for all gravitational power/positional energy that exists today after a big bang. ⑴ Furthermore, the author will also assure you that neutrino is the dark matter that floats in the space chilling with electrons (- and +). Again, the author assures you that the famous gamma ray burst is just cosmic-sized of our well-studied experiment in our lab: e- + e+ → γ + γ! Our current universe’s mass and energy (detectable or undetectable) are all derived from a big bang’s photons. The primary objective of this study is to uncover the unified origin for both mass and energy in the universe along with their evolutionary path in the discipline of Newtonian physics.
The Unification of Mass and Energy, American Journal of Physics and Applications.
Vol. 3, No. 5,
2015, pp. 178-182.
Edwin Zong, Dark Matter Engineering, American Journal of Physics and Applications. Vol. 3, No. 3, 2015, pp. 106-111. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpa.20150303.17
M. Lukin Harvard and V. Vuletic MIT Nature Sep 25, 2013.
Edwin Zong. The Real Universe II. American Journal of Physics and Applications. Vol. 3, No. 3, 2015, pp. 77-85. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpa.20150303.13
McAulay, Alastair D. (1991). Optical Computer Architectures: The Application of Optical Concepts to Next Generation Computers. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 0-471-63242-2.
Mortaza Noshad, Amin Abbasi, Reza Ranjbar, Reza Kheradmand.(2012) Novel All-Optical Logic Gates Based on Photonic Crystal Structure. Journal of Physics: Conference Series350 (2012) 012007
Eric Mack 2015 "Death Star" laser sets new world record in Japan Science
Edwin Zong. 2014 One Universe, Endless Cycles. Science Research. Vol. 2, No. 5, 2014, pp. 105-110. doi: 10.11648/j. sr.20140205.15
Gary Robbins 2014 Scientists see 'fingerprint' of Big Bang The San Diego Union-Tribune
A. J. Gallagher et al. (2010). "The barium isotopic mixture for the metal-poor subgiant star HD 140283". Astronomy and Astrophysics 523: A24. arXiv:1008.3541. Bibcode:2010A&A...523A..24G. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201014970
Ott, C. D. et al. (2012). "Core-Collapse Supernovae, Neutrinos, and Gravitational Waves". Nuclear Physics B: Proceedings Supplement 235: 381. arXiv:1212.4250. Bibcode:2013NuPhS.235..381O. doi:10.1016/j.nuclphysbps.2013.04.036
Josh Simon (2005). "Dark Matter in Dwarf Galaxies: Observational Tests of the Cold Dark Matter Paradigm on Small Scales"
Sean Carroll, Ph.D., Cal Tech, 2007, The Teaching Company, Dark Matter, Dark Energy: The Dark Side of the Universe, Guidebook Part 2 page 46, Accessed Oct. 7, 2013.
C. L Cowan Jr., F. Reines, F. B. Harrison, H. W. Kruse, A. D McGuire (July 20, 1956). "Detection of the Free Neutrino: a Confirmation". Science 124 (3212): 103–4. Bibcode: 1956Sci...124..103C. doi:10.1126/science.124.3212.103. PMID 17796274.
Tauris & van den Heuvel (2006), "Formation and evolution of compact stellar X-ray sources", In: Compact stellar X-ray sources. Edited by Walter Lewin & Michiel van der Klis. Cambridge Astrophysics Series, p.623-665, DOI: 10.2277/0521826594.
Olson JM (May 2006). "Photosynthesis in the Archean era". Photosyn. Res. 88 (2): 109–17. doi:10.1007/s11120-006- 9040-5. PMID 16453059
Buick R (August 2008). "When did oxygenic photosynthesis evolve?". Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond., B, Biol. Sci. 363 (1504): 2731–43. doi:10.1098/rstb.2008.0041. PMC 2606769. PMID 18468984.