Utilization of Pure Silica Extracted from Rice Husk and FTIR Structural Analysis of the Prepared Glasses
American Journal of Physics and Applications
Volume 3, Issue 3, May 2015, Pages: 97-105
Received: May 7, 2015;
Accepted: May 15, 2015;
Published: May 26, 2015
Views 4444 Downloads 147
H. A. Saudi, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar University, Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt
S. M. Salem, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science (Girls' Branch), Al-Azhar University, Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt
S. S. Mohammad, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science (Girls' Branch), Al-Azhar University, Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt
A. G. Mostafa, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science (Girls' Branch), Al-Azhar University, Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt
M. Y. Hassaan, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science (Girls' Branch), Al-Azhar University, Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt
Egyptian rice husk was subjected to different chemical and thermal treatment methods, aiming to extract high pure silica. Three samples (S1, S2 and S3) were prepared applying three different chemical treatment methods. Two sets of the obtained samples were prepared, where the first set was calcinated at 600oC and the other set was calcinated at 750 oC by slow heating (starting at RT and ending at the desired calcinations temperature for 2 h).XRF was applied to identify the chemical composition and purity of the extracted silica, while XRD was applied to confirm the amorphous nature and the presence of some induced carbon black in the obtained silica. It was found that S3 slowly heated at 750 oC presents the highest silica content (98.6 %). Such sample was fed directly to the calcinations furnace at 750 oC (sudden heating for comparison) where it presents only 90.6% silica, and 3.74 % residual carbon black. However, the extracted silica from sample S3 was used to prepare glasses obeying the composition (75-x) mol% RH-silica, x mol% Bi2O3, 25 mol% Na2O, (where 0 ≤ x ≤ 20).FTIR spectroscopic analysis was applied to investigate the internal structure of the prepared glasses, where the glass networks were found to contain mainly SiO4, BiO3 and BiO6 structural groups, as well as some bridging and non-bridging oxygen anions. Also, some O-H and H-O-H groups were also detected which may be due to the used KBr disk technique.
H. A. Saudi,
S. M. Salem,
S. S. Mohammad,
A. G. Mostafa,
M. Y. Hassaan,
Utilization of Pure Silica Extracted from Rice Husk and FTIR Structural Analysis of the Prepared Glasses, American Journal of Physics and Applications.
Vol. 3, No. 3,
2015, pp. 97-105.
J. James and M. S. Rao, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. Bull, 65 (1986) 1177.
F. Adam, K. Kandasamy and S. Balakrishnan, J. Colloid. Interface Sci., 304 (2006) 137.
S. Maiti, S. Dey, S. Purakayastha and B. Ghosh, J. Bio-resource Technology, 97 (2006) 2065.
T. J. Hyun, K. P. Yoon, S. K. Young, Y. L. Ji and M. Bhagiyalakshmi, J. Greenh. Gas Control, 3 (2009) 545.
R. V. Krishnarao, J. Subrahmanyam and T. Jagadish Kumar, European Ceramic Society, 21 (2001) 99.
S. Chandrasekhar, S. Satyanarayana, K. G. Pramada, P. N. Raghavan and T. N. Gupta, J. Materials Science, 38 (2003) 3159.
A. Kaupp, J. Materials Sci., 18 (1984) 303.
J. Paya, J. Monzo, MV. Borrachero, A. Mellado and LM. Ordonez, J. Chem. Concr. Res, 31 (2001) 227.
C. Real, M. Alcala and J. M. Criado, J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 79(8) (1996) 2012.
M. Patel, A. Karera and P. Prasanna, J. Materials Sci., 22 (1987) 2457.
P. C. Kapur, J. Power Technology, 44 (1985) 63.
J. James and M. S. Rao, J. Thermochimica Acta, 97 (1986) 329.
Liou T. Horng, J. Materials Science and Engineering, 364 (2004) 313.
P. Mishra, A. Chakraverty and H.D. Banerjee, J. Mater. Sci, 20 (1985) 4387.
A. Chakraverty, P. Mishra and H.D. Banerjee, J. Mater. Sci, 23 (1988) 21.
J. A. Amick, J. V. Milewski and F. J. Wright, U. S. Patent No. 4,214(1980) 920.
J. A. Amick, J. Electrochem. Soc., 129 (1982) 864.
L. H. Hunt, J. P. Dismukes, J. A. Amick, A. Schee, and K. Larsen, J. Electrochem. Soc., 131(7) (1984) 1683.
N. Yalçin, and V. Sevinç, J. Ceramics International, 27 (2001) 219.
R. V. Krishnarao, and J. Subrahmanyam, J. Ceramics International, 22 (1995) 489.
P. Gorthy, and M. G. Pudukottah, J. American Ceramic Society, 82(6) (1999) 1393.
T. B. Ghosh, K. C. Nandi, H. N. Acharya and D. Mukherjee, J. Material Letters, 11 (1991) 6.
A. Chakraverty, P. Mishra and H. D. Banerjee, J. Thermochimica Acta, 94 (1985) 267.
S. B. Hanna, L. M. Farag and N. A. L. Mansour, J. Thermochimica Acta, 81(1984) 77.
V. I. E. Ajiwe, C. E. Okeke and F. C. Akigwe, J. Bio-resource Technology, 73 (2000) 37.
NP. Hasparyk, PJM. Monteiro and H. Carasek, J. ACI Mater., 97 (2000) 486.
A. John, S. Alexanda and A. Larry, J. International Center for Diffraction Data, 44 (2001) 368.
B. M. Jenkins, L. L. Baxter, Jr. Miles and T. R. Miles, J. Fuel Processing Technology, 54 (1998) 17.
J. D. Jones, J. Can. Metals, 16 (1953) 22.
L. Barbieri, I. Lancellotti, T. Manfredini, I. Queralt, J.M. Rincon and M. Romero, J. Fuel, 78(1999) 271.
M. Tanaka, K. Niwano and Y. Kitano, UK Patent GB2 168, (18 June 1986) 333 A.
Y. Nakata, M. Suzuki and T. Okutami. J. Thermochimica Acta, 97 (1989) 842.
S. Hanafi, S. A. Abo-El-Enein, D. M. Ibrahim, and S. A. El-Hemaly, J. Thermochimica Acta, 37 (1980) 137.
D. M. Ibrahim, S. A. El-Hemaly and F. M. Abdel Kerim, J. Thermochimica Acta, 37 (1980) 307.
R. V. Krishnarao, J. Mater. Sci., Lett., 12 (1993) 1268.
A. Witkowska, J. Rybicki and A. D. Cicco, J. Alloys Compd., 401 (2005) 135.
A. DTTA, A. K. Giri and D. Chakravorty, J. Condens. Matter, 4(1992) 1783.
A. Burns, H. P. Brack and W. M. J. Risen, J. Non-Cryst. Solids, 131 (1991) 994.
R. S. Husung and R. H. Doremus, J. Mater. Res, 5 (1990) 2209.
J. Wong and C. A. Angell, J. Mater. Sci., 9 (1967) 409.
K. M. ElBadry, F. A. Moustaffa, M. A. Azooz and F. H. ElBatal, Indian J. Pure Appl. Phys., 38 (2000) 41.
L. Baia, R. Stefan, W. Kiefer, J. Popp and S. Simon, J. Non-Cryst. Solids, 303 (2002) 379.
F. H. ElBatal, J. Nucl. Inst. Meth. Phys. Res., 254 (2007) 243.
S. Bale, M. Purnima, Ch. Srinivasu and S. Rahman, J. Alloys Compd., 457 (2008) 545.
F. H. ElBatal, M. A. Azooz and F. M. Ezz ElDin, J. Phys. Chem. Glasses, 43 (5) (2002) 260.
F.H. ElBatal, Egyptian J. Chem., 47 (1) (2004) 101.
A. A. Akatov, B. S. Nikonov, B. I. Omelyanenko, S. V. Stefanovsky and J. C. Marra, J. Phys. Chem. Glasses, 35 (2009) 245.
H. Moor and P. W. McMillan, J. Soc. Glass Technol., 40 (1956) 97.
S. A. MacDonald, C. R. Schardt, D. J. Masiello and J. H. Simmons, J. Non-Cryst. Solids, 275 (2000) 72.
M. S. Aziz, F. Abdel-Wahab, A. G. Mostafa and E. M. El Agwany, J. Mater. Chem. Phys., 91 (2005) 532.
J. T. Quan and C. F. Adams, J. Phys. Chem., 70 (1966) 331.