Applications of Statistical Physics Distributions to Several Types of Income
American Journal of Physics and Applications
Volume 2, Issue 2, March 2014, Pages: 61-66
Received: Mar. 16, 2014;
Accepted: Apr. 9, 2014;
Published: Apr. 20, 2014
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Elvis Oltean, Department of Physics, Loughborough University, Loughborough, the UK
Fedor V. Kusmartsev, Department of Physics, Loughborough University, Loughborough, the UK
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This paper explores several types of income which have not been explored so far by authors who tackled income and wealth distribution using Statistical Physics. The main types of income we plan to analyze are income before redistribution (or gross income), income of retired people (or pensions), and income of active people (mostly wages). The distributions used to analyze income distributions are Fermi-Dirac distribution and polynomial distribution (as this is present in describing the behavior of dynamic systems in certain aspects). The data we utilize for our analysis are from France and the UK. We find that both distributions are robust in describing these varieties of income. The main finding we consider to be the applicability of these distributions to pensions, which are not regulated entirely by market mechanisms
Fermi-Dirac Distribution, Polynomial Distribution, Gross Income, Pensions, Wages, Cumulative Distribution Function
To cite this article
Fedor V. Kusmartsev,
Applications of Statistical Physics Distributions to Several Types of Income, American Journal of Physics and Applications.
Vol. 2, No. 2,
2014, pp. 61-66.
E. Oltean, F. V. Kusmartsev, “A study of methods from statistical mechanics applied to income distribution”, ENEC, Bucharest-Romania, 2012.
E. Oltean, F.V. Kusmartsev, “A polynomial distribution applied to income and wealth distribution”, Journal of Knowledge Management, Economics, and Information Technology, Bucharest, Romania, 2013.
Upper limit on income by decile group in 1987–2009 in Finland, URL: http://www.stat.fi/til/tjt/2009/tjt_2009_2011-05-20_tau_005_en.html.