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Assessment of Building Information Modeling (BIM) Awareness, Knowledge and Its Adoption in the Ghanaian Construction Industry
Journal of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering
Volume 5, Issue 6, December 2020, Pages: 138-150
Received: Sep. 20, 2020; Accepted: Oct. 5, 2020; Published: Oct. 30, 2020
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Author
Boateng Leslie Appiah, School of Urban Construction and Civil Engineering, Yangtze University, Jingzhou, China
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Abstract
Building Information Modeling (BIM) is an intelligent 3D model-based process that gives architectural, engineering, and construction (AEC) professionals the insight and tools to more efficiently plan, design, construct, and manage buildings and infrastructures. The introduction and implementation of BIM has brought changes in the construction’s traditional procurement system and this has made its adoption a bit slow and difficult to take off swiftly and more officially. Previous researches have identified gaps in contractual relationships, roles and the resulting risks in BIM implementation. This paper focuses on the adoption of BIM in the Ghanaian Construction Industry thereby highlighting the concept of BIM in enhancing productivity and also determines the level of knowledge and awareness of BIM by industry players and stakeholders as well as establishing the extent of usage of BIM in the Ghanaian construction industry. A descriptive survey research was conducted with both structured and unstructured questionnaire and administered both via e-mail and by sending questionnaire link onto a WhatsApp platform groups of the respondents and out of the 263 respondents that took part in the survey, 78 respondents feedback were incomplete so 185 member respondents results were analyzed in the form of bar charts, column chart and pie chart representing 70.3% response rate. The research survey respondents comprised of Civil Engineers, Construction Project Managers, Architects, Electrical Engineers, Quantity Surveyors, Mechanical Engineers, Contractors and Facility Managers. The survey results revealed that there is a low level of knowledge of Building Information Modeling (BIM) and its concept in the Ghanaian Construction Industry which is also associated with the low level of awareness, utilization and adoption among stakeholders. BIM therefore represents a new paradigm within AEC that encourages integration of the roles of all stakeholders on the effective execution of projects and therefore edge the participation of relevant professional bodies to facilitate its implementation in order to ensure adequate knowledge of BIM towards improving productivity and efficiency in the Construction Industry.
Keywords
Building Information Modeling, Construction Traditional Procurement System, Contractual Relationships, Ghanaian Construction Industry, Descriptive Survey Research, Structured Questionnaire, Respondent Results
To cite this article
Boateng Leslie Appiah, Assessment of Building Information Modeling (BIM) Awareness, Knowledge and Its Adoption in the Ghanaian Construction Industry, Journal of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering. Vol. 5, No. 6, 2020, pp. 138-150. doi: 10.11648/j.jccee.20200506.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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