Defense Proteins from Sugarcane Studied by Conventional Biochemical Techniques, Genomics and Proteomics: An Overview
American Journal of Plant Biology
Volume 5, Issue 3, September 2020, Pages: 30-39
Received: Jun. 6, 2020; Accepted: Jun. 22, 2020; Published: Jul. 13, 2020
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Elena Sánchez-Elordi, Intercellular Communication in Plant Symbiosis Team, Faculty of Biology, Complutense University, Madrid, Spain
Roberto Contreras, Centro Regional de Investigación y Desarrollo Sustentable de Atacama, CRIDESAT-UDA, Universidad de Atacama, Atacama, Chile
Roberto de Armas, Department of Plant Biology, Faculty of Biology, Havana University, Havana, Cuba
Mario César Benito, Department of Genetics, Physiology and Microbiology, Faculty of Biology, Complutense University, Madrid, Spain
Rocío Santiago, Intercellular Communication in Plant Symbiosis Team, Faculty of Biology, Complutense University, Madrid, Spain
Carlos Vicente, Intercellular Communication in Plant Symbiosis Team, Faculty of Biology, Complutense University, Madrid, Spain
María Estrella Legaz, Intercellular Communication in Plant Symbiosis Team, Faculty of Biology, Complutense University, Madrid, Spain
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Sugarcane is a C4 plant from the NADP-ME family, which performs a double photosynthetic carboxylation. It is a plant specialized in accumulating and storing large amounts of sucrose in the parenchymatous cells of its stalks. Perhaps because of these characteristics, this species shows to be extremely sensitive to a large number of diseases caused by viruses, bacteria, phytoplasmas, fungi, insects and nematodes, as well as to various abiotic stresses. A large number of varieties and cultivars resistant to many of these diseases have been achieved through conventional plant breeding techniques and also through biotechnological applications. In addition to this, the ability of the plant itself to produce pathogen resistance factors has been a field of research that has provided excellent weapons to combat crop-destroying pests This review describes those proteins that are synthesized by the plant as resistance factors against different diseases from the point of view of conventional biochemistry and also with the tools that modern genomics and proteomics provide. Special emphasis has been placed on the study of those proteins aimed at increasing the physical resistance of the plant that hinders the entry of the pathogen as well as those proteins related to the synthesis of bioactive phenols, polysaccharide hydrolysis enzymes, bacteriocins, oxygenases, oxidases and oxido-reductases.
Defense Proteins, Disease, Genomics, Proteomics, Sugarcane
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Elena Sánchez-Elordi, Roberto Contreras, Roberto de Armas, Mario César Benito, Rocío Santiago, Carlos Vicente, María Estrella Legaz, Defense Proteins from Sugarcane Studied by Conventional Biochemical Techniques, Genomics and Proteomics: An Overview, American Journal of Plant Biology. Vol. 5, No. 3, 2020, pp. 30-39. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpb.20200503.11
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