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On Farm Demonstration of Management of Fusarium Wilt Disease of Chickpea Under Rainfed Conditions in Mid Hill Region of Jammu, Jammu & Kashimir, U.T., India
American Journal of Plant Biology
Volume 5, Issue 2, June 2020, Pages: 21-24
Received: Sep. 30, 2019; Accepted: Oct. 25, 2019; Published: Jun. 20, 2020
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Authors
Shahid Ahamad, Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Reasi, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Jammu (J & K), Jammu, U.T., India
Jag Paul Sharma, Directorate of Research, Chatha, Jammu, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Jammu (J & K), Jammu, U.T., India
Bimal Singh Jamwal, PRSS, Samba, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Jammu (J & K), Jammu, U.T., India
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Abstract
Chickpea is one of the most vulnerable crop to attack of pests and diseases causing huge production losses. Among the diseases, chickpea wilt poses a severe problem in rainfed areas of Jammu region. It was observed that chickpea seeds treated with Trichoderma viride (soil application) recorded 21.50% wilt incidence followed by Trichoderma viride (seed application) 35.25%, neem seed cake 47.00%, Carbendazim 48.90%, Thiram 50.14% and Captan 56.50%. While Trichoderma viride (soil application) gave 78.50% (highest) wilt disease control, followed by Trichoderma viride (seed application) 64.75%, neem seed cake 53.00%, Carbendazim 51.10%, Thiram 49.86%, Captan 43.50% and least in check. Recommendations of the results were repeated in the 4 farmers field in Reasi district, disease incidence were 25.40% but after applying of Trichoderma viride (soil application) diseases incidence reduced to 7.95% only and it was reduced to 6.75% (Table 2). While yield of chick pea was enhanced from 5.25 to 9.20 q/ha and maximum 9.80 q/ha against least farmers’ practices i.e. 5.25% only.
Keywords
Chickpea, Trichoderma viride, Thiram, Captan, Carbendazim, Neem Seed Cake
To cite this article
Shahid Ahamad, Jag Paul Sharma, Bimal Singh Jamwal, On Farm Demonstration of Management of Fusarium Wilt Disease of Chickpea Under Rainfed Conditions in Mid Hill Region of Jammu, Jammu & Kashimir, U.T., India, American Journal of Plant Biology. Vol. 5, No. 2, 2020, pp. 21-24. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpb.20200502.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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