Study on Quality of Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) Seed Collected from Different Sources and Locations of Bangladesh
American Journal of Plant Biology
Volume 2, Issue 4, November 2017, Pages: 129-135
Received: Aug. 10, 2017;
Accepted: Sep. 4, 2017;
Published: Oct. 11, 2017
Views 1649 Downloads 102
Md. Habibur Rahman, Olericulture Division, Horticulture Research Centre, Bangladesh Agricultural, Research Institute, Gazipur, Bangladesh
Md. Abdus Sattar, Olericulture Division, Horticulture Research Centre, Bangladesh Agricultural, Research Institute, Gazipur, Bangladesh
Md. Mahbubar Rahman Salim, Olericulture Division, Horticulture Research Centre, Bangladesh Agricultural, Research Institute, Gazipur, Bangladesh
Md. Abdul Quddus, Soil and Water Management Section, HRC, Bangladesh Agricultural Research, Institute, Gazipur, Bangladesh
Md. Momraz Ali, Department of Agricultural Extension, Bagatipara, Natore, Bangladesh
Follow on us
A study was conducted at Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka during September 2009 to March 2010 to determine the quality and health status of okra seed collected from different sources and locations of Bangladesh. Different sources were government organization, namely BARI, Gazipur and BADC, Dhaka, eight seed companies and ten farmers of different districts. Seed collection and quality analysis exposed that moisture content of seed samples ranged from 8.37-14.95% and 9.97-13.71% in terms of source and group of seed collection. Germination percentage of government organization seeds, seed companie’s seeds and farmers saved seeds was 86.52, 82.71 and 53.74%, respectively. Purity percentage varied from 87.86 to 99.70% in different sources. Purity percentage of government organization seeds, seed company’s seeds and farmers saved seeds were 94.57%, 99.41% and 92.45%, respectively. In government organization seeds, both vigor index (2273.0) and 1000-seed weight (59.59g) were found higher than the Seed companies and farmers saved seeds. In seed health study, seven fungi, namely Fusarium spp., Colletotrichum dematium, Aspergillus flavus, A. niger, Rhizopus stolonifer, Bipolaris spp., and Curvularia spp. were found in the seed samples. The highest mean incidence of fungi in okra seeds was recorded from farmer seeds (16.31%) followed by seed companies (13.33%) and the lowest from government organizations (11.81%).
Okra, Germination, Purity, Seed Health Status, Fusarium spp., Aspergillus flavus
To cite this article
Md. Habibur Rahman,
Md. Abdus Sattar,
Md. Mahbubar Rahman Salim,
Md. Abdul Quddus,
Md. Momraz Ali,
Study on Quality of Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) Seed Collected from Different Sources and Locations of Bangladesh, American Journal of Plant Biology.
Vol. 2, No. 4,
2017, pp. 129-135.
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
BBS (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics). Summary crop statistics and crop induces (2010–11). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics Division, Govt. of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. (2012), 39.
M. A. Rashid, and D. P. Singh, (2000). A Manual on Vegetable Seed Production in Bangladesh, AVRDC-USAID Bangladesh Project, HRC, BARI, Joydebpur, Gazipur-1701, Bangladesh.
R. A. T. George. Vegetable Seed production. John Willy and Sons Inc., 605, Third Avenue, New York. (1985), 318.
Anonymous. (1995). Requirement and supply of seeds (Estimates for 1995-2000 and 2005). Report of a Task Force, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of the Peoples Republic of Bangladesh, Dhaka. 284.
AIS,. Krishi Diary. (2008) Agricultural Information Service, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of the Peoples Republic of Bangladesh, Dhaka. 2.
T. W. Mew, Seed health testing: Progress towards 21st Century. In: Huthins and Ruces (eds), Development of rice seed health testing policy. (1997), 129-138.
S. D. Doijode. Effect of storage environment on brinjal (Solanum molongena) seed viability. Pogressive Horticulture. (1988), 20: 292-293.
P. K. Nagaveni (2005). Effect of storage containers, packing material and seed treatment on viability and vigor of onion seed. M. Sc. Thesis, Department of Seed Science and Technology, University of Agricultural Science, Dharwad.
ISTA. (2006). International Rules for Seed Testing. International Seed testing Association. Basserdorf, Switzerland.
K. A. D. Ariyaratne. Seed Testing Manual. Seed Certification Agency. Gazipur, Bangladesh. (1998), 45-86.
A. A. Abdul-Baki, and J. D. Anderson,. Physiological and biochemical deterioration of seed. In Seed Biology (II Ed): Kozlowski, T. T., Academic Press, New (1973).
ISTA. International Rules for Seed Testing. International Seed- Testing Association, Seed Sc. And Tech. (1996), 24: 39-42.
A. K. Gomez, and. Gomez A. A. Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research. Second edition, John Wiley and Sons. New York. USA. (1984), 200-215.
M. A. Razzaque (1980). Farm level storage of wheat seeds. Paper presented at the post-production workshop on food grains, December 12-14. Workshop sponsored by the Food Sci. and Tech. Div. BCSIR with financial assistance from the Ford Foundation, Dhaka.
M. S. Rahman, I. Hossain and M. A. Mansur. Effect of storage condition on the quality of wheat seed. Bangladesh J. Agril. Sci. (1985), 12(1): 49-54.
M. Abduhu. Quality of okra seed collected from farmers and control of seed-borne pathogens by seed treatment. M. S. Thesis. (2007), Department of seed science. Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur.
Gurmitsingh and Harisingh. Maintenance of germinability of soybean (Glycine max L.) seeds. Seed Research. (1992), 20: 49-50.
D. D. Sarkar, M. S. M. Chowdhury, N. Akhtar, M. Z. R. Bhuiyan and H. A. C. Nisha. Health Status of Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) Seeds Collected from Different Locations of Bangladesh. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences. (2015), 11 (6): 371-379.
G. A. Fakir. (1980). An annotated list of seed borne disease in Bangladesh. Bangladesh Agriculture Information Service, Dhaka.
K. Gupta, I. R. Sindhu and S. Naaz. Seed mycoflora of Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench; A survey and enumeration. Acta-Botanica-Inica. (1989), 17(2): 200-206.
M., C. A. Do, Fernandes, Almeida O. C. Conha R. and Robbs C. F. Preliminary studies of health testing in okra seed from different municipalities of Rio de Janeriostate. Rev. Plant Pathol. (1992), 72: (10): 796.