Traditional Uses of Medicinal Plants in Their Conservation in Charmang Village, Bajaur, KP, Pakistan
International Journal of Bioorganic Chemistry
Volume 4, Issue 1, June 2019, Pages: 70-83
Received: Feb. 10, 2019;
Accepted: May 10, 2019;
Published: Jun. 4, 2019
Views 629 Downloads 160
Syed Abidullah, Department of Botany, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan, Pakistan
Abdur Rauf, Department of Botany, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan, Pakistan
Shah Wali Khan, Department of Botany, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan, Pakistan
Mehnaz, Department of Botany, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan, Pakistan
Aisha Bibi, Department of Biochemistry, Shaheed Benazir Bhutto Women, University, Peshawar, Pakistan
Abdur Rauf, Department of Botany, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan, Pakistan
Sommya Fazal, Department of Physics, Shaheed Benazir Bhutto Women University, Peshawar, Pakistan
The Ethno-medicinal studies have been carried out for the first time in Charmang, Tehsil Nawagai, district Bajaur, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), Pakistan. In this project a total of 64 medicinal plants belonging to 39 families and 58 genera and species have been documented, which are being used by the local communities for the treatment of different human sicknesses. Among 64 plant species, 58 medicinal plants species were found as compared with the 12 earlier published articles. This study mainly focused to protect the world’s cultural tradition and to document the importance of medicinal plants present in the research area. A complete data has been established on the general and worldwide uses of the projected study to find out new possible species for further studies. A general field surveys was arranged in the desire area, which was based on semi-structured meetings of 135 local sneaks. To assess the exact herbal knowledge, the data were investigated using quantifiable Ethno medicinal records as RFC (Relative Frequency Citation) and UV (Use Value), separately. The local interviewed peoples used 64 plant species belonging to 58 genera in 39 families, mainly Lamiaceae, Rhamnaceae and Solanaceae. The type of most common diseases (25%) was Respiratory diseases (Asthma, Throat infection, Cough etc.). The present study was emphasized based on ironic herbal knowledge to know the novel findings of medicinal plants in district Bajaur, KP, Pakistan which could be a standard use for upgrading the knowledge in terms of plant phytochemistry, pharmacology and biological activities for the efficiency and safety of medicinal plants.
Shah Wali Khan,
Traditional Uses of Medicinal Plants in Their Conservation in Charmang Village, Bajaur, KP, Pakistan, International Journal of Bioorganic Chemistry.
Vol. 4, No. 1,
2019, pp. 70-83.
Amjad, M. S, Ethnobotanical profiling and floristic diversity of Bana Valley, Kotli (Azad Jammu and Kashmir), Pakistan. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, 2015. 5(4): p. 292-299.
Amjad, M. S, et al, Ethnobotanical profiling of the medicinal flora of Kotli, Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan: Empirical reflections on multinomial logit specifications. Asian Pacific journal of tropical medicine, 2017. 10(5): p. 503-514.
Mbaveng, A. T, Q. Zhao, and V. Kuete, Harmful and protective effects of phenolic compounds from African medicinal plants, in Toxicological Survey of African Medicinal Plants. 2014, Elsevier. p. 577-609.
Pieroni, A, et al, Traditional phytotherapy and trans-cultural pharmacy among Turkish migrants living in Cologne, Germany. Journal of ethnopharmacology, 2005. 102(1): p. 69-88.
Khaled-Khodja, N, L. Boulekbache-Makhlouf, and K. Madani, Phytochemical screening of antioxidant and antibacterial activities of methanolic extracts of some Lamiaceae. Industrial crops and products, 2014. 61: p. 41-48.
Mahmood, A, et al, Ethno medicinal survey of plants from district Bhimber Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 2011. 5(11): p. 2348-2360.
Iqbal, T, et al, ETHNOMEDICINAL STUDY OF FLORA OF DISTRICT KARAK, KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA, PAKISTAN. International Journal, 2014. 2(9): p. 88-93.
Malik, K, et al, Traditional plant based medicines used to treat musculoskeletal disorders in Northern Pakistan. European Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2018. 19: p. 17-64.
R Vasanthi, H, N. ShriShriMal, and D. K Das, Phytochemicals from plants to combat cardiovascular disease. Current medicinal chemistry, 2012. 19(14): p. 2242-2251.
Edwards, S, S. Nebel, and M. Heinrich, Questionnaire surveys: Methodological and epistemological problems for field-based ethnopharmacologists. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 2005. 100(1-2): p. 30-36.
Pieroni, A. and C. L. Quave, Traditional pharmacopoeias and medicines among Albanians and Italians in southern Italy: a comparison. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 2005. 101(1-3): p. 258-270.
Hussain, K, A. Shahazad, and S. Zia-ul-Hussnain, An ethnobotanical survey of important wild medicinal plants of Hattar district Haripur, Pakistan. Ethnobotanical leaflets, 2008. 2008(1): p. 5.
Amjad, M. S. and M. Arshad, Ethnobotanical inventory and medicinal uses of some important woody plant species of Kotli, Azad Kashmir, Pakistan. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, 2014. 4(12): p. 952-958.
Adnan, M, et al, Ethnomedicine use in the war affected region of northwest Pakistan. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 2014. 10(1): p. 16.
Shuaib, M, et al, Ethnobotanical and ecological assessment of plant resources at District Dir, Tehsil Timergara, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2018.
Aziz, M. A, et al, Traditional phytomedicines for gynecological problems used by tribal communities of Mohmand Agency near the Pak-Afghan border area. Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia, 2018.
Aziz, M. A, et al, Traditional uses of medicinal plants practiced by the indigenous communities at Mohmand Agency, FATA, Pakistan. Journal of ethnobiology and ethnomedicine, 2018. 14(1): p. 2.
Aziz, M. A, et al, Traditional uses of medicinal plants reported by the indigenous communities and local herbal practitioners of Bajaur Agency, Federally Administrated Tribal Areas, Pakistan. Journal of ethnopharmacology, 2017. 198: p. 268-281.
Akhtar, N, et al, Diversity and use of ethno-medicinal plants in the region of Swat, North Pakistan. Journal of ethnobiology and ethnomedicine, 2013. 9(1): p. 25.
Cox, P. A, Will tribal knowledge survive the millennium? Science, 2000. 287(5450): p. 44-45.
Hussain, F, A. Khaliq, and M. Durrani. Ethnobotanical studies on some plants of Dabargai Hills. Swat. in Proceedings of first training workshop on Ethnobotany and its application to conservation. 1996.
Hussain, F, K. Khaliq, and M. Durrani. Ethnobotanical studies on some plants of Dabargia Hills, Swat: 207-215. in Proceedings of first Training Workshop on Ethno botany and its Application to Conservation. NARC, Islamabad. 1996.
Rashid, H. A. and I. Simmonds, Eddy–zonal flow interactions associated with the Southern Hemisphere annular mode: Results from NCEP–DOE reanalysis and a quasi-linear model. Journal of the atmospheric sciences, 2004. 61(8): p. 873-888.
Galabuzi, C, et al, Traditional medicine as an alternative form of health care system: a preliminary case study of Nangabo sub-county, central Uganda. African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines, 2010. 7(1).
Ahmad, I, M. Ibrar, and N. Ali, Ethnobotanical study of Tehsil Kabal, Swat District, KPK, Pakistan. Journal of Botany, 2011. 2011.
Rehman, S, L. M. Al-Hadhrami, and M. M. Alam, Pumped hydro energy storage system: A technological review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2015. 44: p. 586-598.
Wali, R, et al, A quantitative medico-botanical expedition of Fairy Meadows National Park, Diamir, Gilgit Baltistan, Pakistan. bioRxiv, 2019: p. 507848.
Nandagopal, S. and B. R. Kumari, Phytochemical and antibacterial studies of Chicory (Cichorium intybus L.)-A multipurpose medicinal plant. Advances in Biological Research, 2007. 1(1-2): p. 17-21.
Yaseen, G, et al, Ethnobotany of medicinal plants in the Thar Desert (Sindh) of Pakistan. Journal of ethnopharmacology, 2015. 163: p. 43-59.
Calixto, J. B, Twenty-five years of research on medicinal plants in Latin America: a personal view. Journal of ethnopharmacology, 2005. 100(1-2): p. 131-134.
Heinrich, M, et al, Ethnopharmacological field studies: a critical assessment of their conceptual basis and methods. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 2009. 124(1): p. 1-17.
Ahmad, M, et al, An Ethnobotanical study of Medicinal Plants in high mountainous region of Chail valley (District Swat-Pakistan). Journal of ethnobiology and ethnomedicine, 2014. 10(1): p. 36.
Kadir, M. F, M. S. B. Sayeed, and M. Mia, Ethnopharmacological survey of medicinal plants used by indigenous and tribal people in Rangamati, Bangladesh. Journal of ethnopharmacology, 2012. 144(3): p. 627-637.
Aziz, M. A, et al, Traditional uses of medicinal plants used by Indigenous communities for veterinary practices at Bajaur Agency, Pakistan. Journal of ethnobiology and ethnomedicine, 2018. 14(1): p. 11.
Ibrar, M, et al, Quantitative ethnobotanical survey of medicinal flora thriving in Malakand Pass Hills, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Journal of ethnopharmacology, 2015. 169: p. 335-346.
Khan, M. and S. Musharaf, Ethnomedicinal and conservation status of plant species in Tehsil Takht Bhai, District Mardan, Pakistan. International Letters of Natural Sciences, 2015. 37.
Kayani, S, et al, Ethnobotany of medicinal plants among the communities of Alpine and Sub-alpine regions of Pakistan. Journal of ethnopharmacology, 2015. 164: p. 186-202.
Jasvinder, A, D. Furst, and A. Bharat, update of the 2008 American College of Rheumatology recommendations for the use of disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs and biologic agents in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Care Res, 2012. 64: p. 625-39.
Ribeiro, J, et al, Identification of nanominerals and nanoparticles in burning coal waste piles from Portugal. Science of the Total Environment, 2010. 408(23): p. 6032-6041.
Bano, A, et al, Quantitative ethnomedicinal study of plants used in the skardu valley at high altitude of Karakoram-Himalayan range, Pakistan. Journal of ethnobiology and ethnomedicine, 2014. 10(1): p. 43.
Rashid, S, et al, Ethnobotanical survey of medicinally important shrubs and trees of Himalayan region of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan. Journal of ethnopharmacology, 2015. 166: p. 340-351.
Mushtaq, R, et al, Ethnobotanical survey of medicinally important shrubs and trees of Himalayan region of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan. Journal of ethnopharmacology, 2015.
Aziz, M. A, et al, Cross-Cultural Analysis of Medicinal Plants commonly used in Ethnoveterinary Practices at South Waziristan Agency and Bajaur Agency, Federally Administrated Tribal Areas (FATA), Pakistan. Journal of ethnopharmacology, 2018. 210: p. 443-468.