International Journal of Bioorganic Chemistry
Volume 4, Issue 1, June 2019, Pages: 24-41
Received: Feb. 1, 2019;
Accepted: Mar. 13, 2019;
Published: Apr. 2, 2019
Views 151 Downloads 27
Mohammad Mahbubul Islam, Agronomy Division of Bangladesh Jute Research Institute, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Jute is a cash crop of Bangladesh. Jute, kenaf and mesta fibre cultivation, trade and industry provide sustenance to over 4 million people of Bangladesh. The productivity of jute had doubled from 1.50 t/ha during 1970-80 to about 2.04 t/ha during 2015-16. Development of high-yielding varieties were the one of the main specific technologies which made this possible. Therefore a review was undertaken on research and development of jute, kenaf and mesta varieties at Agronomy Division, Bangladesh Jute Research Institute (BJRI), Dhaka during 2018. The sources of secondary data were BJRI annual reports, thesis, news letter, national and international journals and accessing internet. Nearly 8 lack hectares of land cultivated by jute and allied crops per year in Bangladesh, which produced 80-90 lack bales of fibre. Over all 49 jute and allied varieties (White jute 25, Tossa jute 17, Kenaf 4 and Mesta 3 varieties) developed by BJRI. CVL-1, BJRI Deshi Pat-5, BJRI Deshi Pat-6, BJRI Deshi Pat-7, BJRI Deshi Pat-8, BJRI Deshi Pat Shak-1 and BJRI Deshi Pat-9 of C. capsularis L., O-9897, BJRI Tossa Pat-4, BJRI Tossa Pat-5, BJRI Tossa Pat-6, BJRI Tossa Pat-7 of C. olitorius L., HC-2, HC-95, HC-3 and BJRI Kenaf-4 of Hibiscus canabinus and HS-24, BJRI Mesrta-2 and BJRI Mesta-3 of H. subdariffa. found important could cultivated in farmers field. Premature flowering in jute varieties found harmful to fibre production. Premature or untimely flowering happened mainly due to early sowing of jute varieties in short day length period and partly due to prolonged drought, dry air, stunted growth, low fertility of soil, cloudy weather etc.
Mohammad Mahbubul Islam,
Varietal Advances of Jute, Kenaf and Mesta Crops in Bangladesh: A Review, International Journal of Bioorganic Chemistry.
Vol. 4, No. 1,
2019, pp. 24-41.
Islam, M. M. and Rahman, M. 2008. In: Hand book on agricultural Technologies of Jute, Kenaf and Mesta crops. Bangladesh Jute Research Institute, Manikmia Avenue, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh. pp. 92.
Islam, M. M. 2009. Jute seed technology. 1st edition. September 2009. Pub. by Md. Mahmudul Islam, 397, Middle Monipur, Mirpur, Dhaka-1216. College Gate Book Binding and Printing, Mohamadpur, Dhaka. pp. 160.
Islam, M. M. 2010. Technological advances in off-season jute seed production. J. Expt. Biosci. 1(1): 75-82.
IJSG. (2012). World Jute & Kenaf Statistics: at a Glance, Jute, Kenaf Other Bast and Hard Fibres: Farm to Fashion, Published by: International Jute Study Group (IJSG) IJSG Secretariat, 145, Monipuripara, Near Farmgate, Tejgoan, Dhaka-1215, Bangladesh, Web: www.jute.org.
BBS, 2015. Yearbook of Agricultural Statistics of Bangladesh. Ministry of Planning, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Dempsey, J. M. 1975. Fibre crops. The university press of Florida, 15 Northwest 15th Street, Gainesville, Florida 32603. pp. 131-202.
Alim, A. 1978. A handbook of Bangladesh jute. Effat Begum, 18, Garden Road, Karwan Bazar West, Tejgoan, Dhaka-1215. Bangladesh. pp. 1-67.
Kundu, B. C.; K. C. Bask and P. B. Sarkar. 1959. Jute in India. The Indian Cen. Jute Comm., Calcutta, India. Pp. 395.
Ali, M. S.; Hossen, M.; Ahmed, B.; Gani, M. N. and Islam, M. M. (2017a) Jute Seed Yield Response to Irrigation and Nitrogen Fertilization in Field-Grown Environment. International Journal of Biological and Environmental Engineering. 2(2): 9-13.
Ali, M. S.; Gani, M. N. and Islam, M. M. (2017b) Efficiency of BJRI Kenaf-4 Yield Under Different Fertilizer Levels. American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry. 5(5): 145-149. doi: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20170505.12
Ali, M. S.; Hoque, M.; Gani, M. N. and Islam, M. M. (2017c) Variation in Inorganic Fertilizer Is an Important Regulator of Yield Potential in BJRI Mesta-3. American Journal of Environmental Engineering and Science. 4(6): 78-84.
Ali, M. S.; Gani, M. N. and Islam, M. M. (2017d) Nutrient Management on Growth and Yield of BJRI Tossa Pat 6. Nutr. Food Technol. Open Access. 3(3): 1-5. doi http://dx.doi.org/10.16966/2470-6086.147
Akter, N., Islam, M. M., Begum, H. A., Alamgir, A. and Mosaddeque, H. Q. M. 2009. BJRI Tossa-5 (O-795): An Improved Variety of Corchorus olitorius L. Eco-friendly Agril. J. 2(10): 864-869.
Hossain, M. S., Islam, M. M., Ahmed, I., Rahman, M. S., Rahman, M. L. and Kamrujjaman, M. 2015a. Effect of sowing dates on fibre yield and yield attributs of white jute breeding line BJC-5003 at different locations of Bangladesh, Int. J. Sustain. Agril. Tech. 11(8): 01-06.
Hossain, M. S., Islam, M. M., Ahmed, I., Rahman, M. S., M. Kamrujjaman, and Rahman, M. L. 2015b. Seed yield and yiels attributes of BJRI Tossa Pat 5 as influenced by sowing dates at late season in different locations of Bangladesh, Int. J. Sustain. Agril. Tech. 11(9): 01-05.
Khatun, R., Islam, M. M., Hussain, M. A., N. Parvin and Sultana, K. 2009. Performance study of newly developed jute variety BJRI Deshi-7 (BJC-2142). Int. J. Sustain. Agril. Tech., 5(4): 12-18.
Sobhan, M. A. and Hussain, M. 1977. An improved variety of Mesta: Mesta S-24. Bangladesh J. Jute Fib. Res. 2(1): 65-72.
Basher M. K., S. U. Ahmed, E. S. M. H. Rashid and M. Khalequzzaman. 2004. Responding to Demand with rice Seed network in Bangladesh. In. Proceedings of National Uptake Workshop, PETTRA, Khamerbari, Farmgate, Dhaka, pp. 91-101.
Pandita, V. K. and Rana, S. C. Variety maintenance and nucleus seed production in self-pollinating vegetable cultivars (http://www.krishisewa.com/cms/articles/seed-production/266-vegetable-variety-maintenance-nsp.html)
Islam, M. M. 2014. Premature Flowering in Jute Crops- A badly threat. Jute and Jute Fabrics, Bangladesh. News letter of BJRI. 40(2): 3-5.