Varietal Advances of Jute, Kenaf and Mesta Crops in Bangladesh: A Review
International Journal of Bioorganic Chemistry
Volume 4, Issue 1, June 2019, Pages: 24-41
Received: Feb. 1, 2019; Accepted: Mar. 13, 2019; Published: Apr. 2, 2019
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Mohammad Mahbubul Islam, Agronomy Division of Bangladesh Jute Research Institute, Dhaka, Bangladesh
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Jute is a cash crop of Bangladesh. Jute, kenaf and mesta fibre cultivation, trade and industry provide sustenance to over 4 million people of Bangladesh. The productivity of jute had doubled from 1.50 t/ha during 1970-80 to about 2.04 t/ha during 2015-16. Development of high-yielding varieties were the one of the main specific technologies which made this possible. Therefore a review was undertaken on research and development of jute, kenaf and mesta varieties at Agronomy Division, Bangladesh Jute Research Institute (BJRI), Dhaka during 2018. The sources of secondary data were BJRI annual reports, thesis, news letter, national and international journals and accessing internet. Nearly 8 lack hectares of land cultivated by jute and allied crops per year in Bangladesh, which produced 80-90 lack bales of fibre. Over all 49 jute and allied varieties (White jute 25, Tossa jute 17, Kenaf 4 and Mesta 3 varieties) developed by BJRI. CVL-1, BJRI Deshi Pat-5, BJRI Deshi Pat-6, BJRI Deshi Pat-7, BJRI Deshi Pat-8, BJRI Deshi Pat Shak-1 and BJRI Deshi Pat-9 of C. capsularis L., O-9897, BJRI Tossa Pat-4, BJRI Tossa Pat-5, BJRI Tossa Pat-6, BJRI Tossa Pat-7 of C. olitorius L., HC-2, HC-95, HC-3 and BJRI Kenaf-4 of Hibiscus canabinus and HS-24, BJRI Mesrta-2 and BJRI Mesta-3 of H. subdariffa. found important could cultivated in farmers field. Premature flowering in jute varieties found harmful to fibre production. Premature or untimely flowering happened mainly due to early sowing of jute varieties in short day length period and partly due to prolonged drought, dry air, stunted growth, low fertility of soil, cloudy weather etc.
Jute, Kenaf and Mesta Crops, Variety, Research and Development, Maintenance, Premature Flowering
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Mohammad Mahbubul Islam, Varietal Advances of Jute, Kenaf and Mesta Crops in Bangladesh: A Review, International Journal of Bioorganic Chemistry. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2019, pp. 24-41. doi: 10.11648/j.ijbc.20190401.15
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