Photocatalytic Activity of Zr Doped ZnO and Its Morphology
International Journal of Bioorganic Chemistry
Volume 4, Issue 1, June 2019, Pages: 14-18
Received: Feb. 3, 2019; Accepted: Mar. 8, 2019; Published: Mar. 30, 2019
Views 87      Downloads 17
Arumugam Vijayabalan, Department of Chemistry, King Nandhivarman College of Arts and Science, Thellar, Kanchipuram, India; Department of Chemistry, St. Joseph’s College of Arts and Science (Autonomous), Cuddalore, India
Ayyanar Sivakumar, Department of Chemistry, St. Joseph’s College of Arts and Science (Autonomous), Cuddalore, India
Nadarajan Suresh Babu, Department of Chemistry, Government College of Engineering, Thanjavur, India
Arumugam Amalorpavadoss, Department of Chemistry, St. Joseph’s College of Arts and Science (Autonomous), Cuddalore, India
Article Tools
Follow on us
Doped ZnO with Zr has been obtained by sol-gel method and characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, energy dispersive X-ray spectrum, Scanning electron micrographs, and UV–visible diffuse reflectance and photoluminescence spectroscopy. Powder XRD shows that synthesized Zr doped ZnO has hexagonal wurtzite structure and high crystallinity, DRS reveals that wavelength are shifted from UV region to visible region when Zr doping. PL spectra clearly reveal that the recombinations of electron-hole pair in ZnO are suppressed by Zr doping. Zr-doping enhances the photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue dye than ZnO under visible light.
Sol-gel Method, Zr-ZnO, Visible Light, Methylene Blue Dye
To cite this article
Arumugam Vijayabalan, Ayyanar Sivakumar, Nadarajan Suresh Babu, Arumugam Amalorpavadoss, Photocatalytic Activity of Zr Doped ZnO and Its Morphology, International Journal of Bioorganic Chemistry. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2019, pp. 14-18. doi: 10.11648/j.ijbc.20190401.13
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
S. M. Lama., J. A. Queka., J. C. Sin. Mechanistic investigation of visible light responsive Ag/ZnO micro/ nanoflowers for enhanced photocatalytic performance and antibacterial activity, J. of Photochem. Photobiol., A: Chem., vol. 353, pp. 171–184, 2018.
O. Bechambi., M. Chalbi., W. Najjara. and S. Sayadi., Photocatalytic activity of ZnO doped with Ag on the degradation of endocrine disrupting under UV irradiation and the investigation of its antibacterial activity, applied surface science,
S. N. Basahel., Tarek T Ali, M. Mokhtar. and K. Narasimharao., Influence of crystal structure of nanosized ZrO2 on photocatalytic degradation of methyl orange, Nano. Res. Lett., DOI 10.1186/s11671-015-0780-z.
N. C. S. Selvam., J. J. Vijaya., L. J. Kennedy., Effects of Morphology and Zr Doping on Structural, Optical, and Photocatalytic Properties of ZnO Nanostructures, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. Vol. 51, pp. 16333, 2012.
F. G. Wang., M. S. Lv., Z. Y. Pang., T. L. Yang., Y. Dai., S. H. Han., Theoretical study of structural, optical and electrical properties of zirconium-doped zinc oxide, Appl. Surf. Sci. vol. 254, pp. 6983, 2008.
Q. Hou. C. Zhao., Z. Xu., Effect of Zr doping on the electrical and optical properties of ZnO, Chem Phys. Lett.,
J. H. Luo. Q. Liu., L. N Yang., Z. Z. Sun., Z. S. Li., First-principles study of electronic structure and optical properties of (Zr–Al)-codoped ZnO, Comp. Mater. Sci., vol.82, pp. 70, 2014.
C. Y. Tsay., K. S. Fan., Optimization of Zr-doped ZnO thin films prepared by sol-gel method, Mater. Trans., vol. 49, pp. 1900, 2008.
H. Kim., J. S. Horwitz., W. H. Kim., S. B. Qadri., Z. H. Kafafi., Anode material based on Zr-doped ZnO thin films for organic light-emitting diodes, Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 83, pp. 3809, 2003.
P. Sathishkumar. R. Sweena. W. Jerry. S. Anandan, Synthesis of CuO–ZnO nanophotocatalyst for visible light assisted degradation of a textile dye in aqueous solution, J. Chem. Eng., vol. 171, pp. 136–140, 2011.
A. Kambur., G. S Pozan., I. Boz. Preparation, characterization and photocatalytic activity of TiO2–ZrO2 binary oxide nanoparticles, Appl. Catal. B: Environ. vol. 115, pp. 149–158, 2012.
W. Liao, T. Zheng. P. Wang., S. Tu., W. Pan., Efficient microwave-assisted photocatalytic degradation of endocrine disruptordimethylphthalate over composite catalys ZrOx/ZnO, J. Environ. Sci. vol. 22, pp. 1800–1806, 2010.
J. C. Tristao., F. Magalhaes., P. Corio. M. T. C. Sansiviero. Electronic characterization and photocatalytic properties of CdS/TiO2 semiconductor composite, J. Photochem. Photobiol. A: Chem., vol. 181, pp. 152–157, 2006.
B. Neppolian., Wang, H. Yamashita., H. Choi., Synthesis and characterization of ZrO2–TiO2 binary oxide semiconductor nanoparticles: application and interparticle electron transfer process, Appl. Catal. A, vol. 333, pp. 264–271, 2007.
H. Zou. Y. S Lin., Structural and surface chemical properties of sol–gel derived TiO2–ZrO2 oxides, Appl. Catal. A: Gen., vol. 265, pp. 35–42, 2004.
H. Wang. S. Baek. J. Lee. S. Lim. High photocatalytic activity of silver- loaded ZnO–SnO2 coupled catalysts, Chem. Eng. J. vol. 146, pp. 355–361, 2009.
K. Vignesh., R. Priyanka., M. Rajarajan. A. Suganthi., Photo reduction of Cr (VI) in water using Bi2O3–ZrO2 nanocomposite under visible light irradiation, Mater. Sci. Eng. B, vol. 178, pp 149–157, 2013.
W. Zheng. Z. Bingru. L. I. Fengting., A simple and cheap method for preparation of coupled ZrO2/ZnO with high photocatalytic activities, Front. Environ. Sci. Eng. China. vol 1, pp. 454–458, 2007.
C. Chaisuk. A. Wehatoranawee. S. Preampiyawat. S. Netiphat. A. Shotipruk. J. Panpranot, B. Jongsomjit. O. Mekasuwandumrong. Preparation and characterization of CeO2/TiO2 nanoparticles by flame spray pyrolysis, Ceram. Int. vol. 37, pp. 1459–1463, 2011.
E. D, Sherly. J. Judith Vijaya. N. ClamentSagayaSelvam. L. JohnKennedy. Microwave assisted combustion synthesis of coupled ZnO–ZrO2 nanoparticles and their role in the photocatalytic degradation of 2, 4-dichlorophenol, Ceram. Inter., vol. 40, pp 5681–5691, 2014.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186