Calcined Mussel Shells Doped with Metal Halides as a Novel Catalyst for the Synthesis of Benzimidazoles, Benzoxazoles and Benzothiazoles
International Journal of Bioorganic Chemistry
Volume 2, Issue 3, September 2017, Pages: 153-158
Received: Mar. 9, 2017; Accepted: Mar. 20, 2017; Published: May 16, 2017
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Authors
Meryem Hamlich, Laboratory of Physical Chemistry and Bioorganic Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences and Techniques, University Hassan II, Mohammedia, Morocco
Souad Harkati, Laboratory of Physical Chemistry and Bioorganic Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences and Techniques, University Hassan II, Mohammedia, Morocco
Yassine Riadi, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, College of Pharmacy, University Sattam Bin Abdulaziz, Alkharj, Saudi Arabia
Rachid Slimani, Laboratory Biochemistry, Environment and Agri-Food, Faculty of Sciences and Techniques, University Hassan II, Mohammedia, Morocco
Lakhmiri Rajae, Laboratory of Materials and Valorization of the Resources, Faculty of Sciences and Techniques, University Abdelmalek Essaadi, Tangier, Morocco
Said Lazar, Laboratory Biochemistry, Environment and Agri-Food, Faculty of Sciences and Techniques, University Hassan II, Mohammedia, Morocco
Mohamed Safi, Laboratory of Physical Chemistry and Bioorganic Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences and Techniques, University Hassan II, Mohammedia, Morocco
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Abstract
Calcined Mussel Shells (CMS) doped with ZnCl2 are an efficient natural, accessible and reusable catalyst for the synthesis of benzimidazoles, benzoxazoles and benzothiazoles using o-phenylenediamine, o-aminophenol and o-aminothiophenol with different aldehydes. Their actions were conducted under reflux conditions in the air. The procedure is very simple with good to excellent yields in a short reaction time, easy purification. The catalyst can be recycled effectively after used.
Keywords
Calcined Mussel Shells (CMS), Heterogeneous Catalysis, Benzimidazoles, Benzoxazoles, Benzothiazoles, Green Chemistry
To cite this article
Meryem Hamlich, Souad Harkati, Yassine Riadi, Rachid Slimani, Lakhmiri Rajae, Said Lazar, Mohamed Safi, Calcined Mussel Shells Doped with Metal Halides as a Novel Catalyst for the Synthesis of Benzimidazoles, Benzoxazoles and Benzothiazoles, International Journal of Bioorganic Chemistry. Vol. 2, No. 3, 2017, pp. 153-158. doi: 10.11648/j.ijbc.20170203.21
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Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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