Biodiesel Production from Ceiba pentandra Seed Oil Using CaO Derived from Snail Shell as Catalyst
Petroleum Science and Engineering
Volume 2, Issue 1, June 2018, Pages: 7-16
Received: Mar. 20, 2018; Accepted: Mar. 30, 2018; Published: May 7, 2018
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Authors
Chika Muhammad, Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria
Zaliha Usman, Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria
Francis Agada, Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria
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Abstract
Due to the environmental problems caused by the use of fossil fuels, considerable attention has been given to biodiesel production as an alternative to petrol diesel. Biodiesel is ecofriendly, alternative diesel fuel prepared from domestic renewable sources that is, from vegetable oils and animal fats. It is a renewable source of energy which seems to be an ideal solution for global energy demand. In this study, the biodiesel production from kapok (Ceiba pentandra) seed oil with methanol has been considered in the presence of catalyst that is, CaO derived from snail shell. Optimum yield conditions were determined experimentally by changing certain parameters such as reaction time and temperature, at the end of the experiment, the maximum yield of 56.7 % was obtained at 60°C and reaction time of 60 minutes. The physicochemical properties of the produced biodiesel were determined by ASTM procedures and were found to be comparable to ASTM standards for diesel fuel except for acid value which was above the recommended standard. Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectroscopy (GC-MS) demonstrated the presence of hydrocarbons.
Keywords
Biodiesel, Snail Shell, Transesterification, Renewable Energy
To cite this article
Chika Muhammad, Zaliha Usman, Francis Agada, Biodiesel Production from Ceiba pentandra Seed Oil Using CaO Derived from Snail Shell as Catalyst, Petroleum Science and Engineering. Vol. 2, No. 1, 2018, pp. 7-16. doi: 10.11648/j.pse.20180201.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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