Erosion Sensitivity Mapping Using GIS and Multi-Criteria Decision Approach in Ribb Watershed Upper Blue Nile, Ethiopia
International Journal of Energy and Environmental Science
Volume 3, Issue 6, November 2018, Pages: 99-111
Received: Jan. 12, 2019; Accepted: Feb. 14, 2019; Published: Mar. 2, 2019
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Afera Halefom, Department of Hydraulic and Water Resourcing Engineering, Debre Tabor University, Debre Tabor, Ethiopia
Asirat Teshome, Department of Hydraulic and Water Resourcing Engineering, Debre Tabor University, Debre Tabor, Ethiopia
Ermias Sisay, Department of Hydraulic and Water Resourcing Engineering, Debre Tabor University, Debre Tabor, Ethiopia
Mihret Dananto, Department of Water Supply and Environmental Engineering, Institute of Technology, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia
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Soil erosion considered as one of the most important obstacles in the way of sustainable development of agriculture and natural resources. In Ethiopia, soil erosion is a serious problem. The studies on erosion risk in the watershed show a trend towards increasing land use, accelerating erosion in the study area. The influencing factor for the give watershed are the land use, the elevation, the slope, TWI, SPI, and soil. This study focus to determine and mapping the hotspot areas to erosion of rib watershed with an area of 1174.7 km2. The sensitivity area for erosion was done by a multi-criteria decision evaluation method with parameters of influencing factors. The analysis of the maps using GIS analysis tools for different criteria which shows that the findings vary from one criterion to another. Considering all criteria, the finally obtained map shows that the areas with a high, moderate, low and very low vulnerability to erosion are 1.13%, 8.11%, 88.34% and 2.42% respectively in the given watershed. Overall, the soil erosion changes analysis and mapping as well as its distribution is effective and important for identifying natural resource prone areas. Therefore, the local experts and administrative bodies uses this information to prepare plan for those priority areas to conserve and monitor the degraded resources.
Soil Erosion, Ribb Watershed, MCE, GIS, Raster Calculator, Pairwise Comparison
To cite this article
Afera Halefom, Asirat Teshome, Ermias Sisay, Mihret Dananto, Erosion Sensitivity Mapping Using GIS and Multi-Criteria Decision Approach in Ribb Watershed Upper Blue Nile, Ethiopia, International Journal of Energy and Environmental Science. Vol. 3, No. 6, 2018, pp. 99-111. doi: 10.11648/j.ijees.20180306.11
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This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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