Assessment of Domestic Energy Preference in Lafia Local Government Area of Nasarawa State, Nigeria
International Journal of Energy and Environmental Science
Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2017, Pages: 95-102
Received: Jun. 20, 2017; Accepted: Jul. 27, 2017; Published: Sep. 4, 2017
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Authors
David Oriabure Ekhuemelo, Department of Forest Production and Products, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria
Felicity Amuche Ugwueze, Department of Forest Production and Products, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria
Emmanuel Terzungwue Tembe, Department of Forest Production and Products, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria
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Abstract
This study appraised household energy utilization in Lafia Local Government Area of Nasarawa state. Out of the 86 streets in Lafia LGA, 30% of streets were randomly selected for the study. Five households and one targeted audience were systematically selected from each street, and 6 copies of questionnaire were administered to each household head. Data obtained were analyzed with descriptive statistics. Results revealed single energy type used as charcoal (32%), gas (24%) fuelwood (22%) and kerosene (12%), Electricity (9%) and sawdust/ sawdust stove (2%). Two combined energy use were fuelwood and charcoal (25%), charcoal and kerosene (24%), gas and kerosene (15%). Multiple energy use were fuelwood, charcoal and kerosene (18%) being highest, while the least was sawdust stove, fuelwood and charcoal (2%). Preference of energy sources were charcoal (35.4%) > gas (29%) > fuelwood (17%) > electricity (12%) > kerosene (6%). Energy was used for domestic purposes (56%) > business (36%) > domestic and business (8%). On weekly bases, 56%, 18%, 12%, 2% of respondents spent between N600 - N1,000, N0 - N500, N1,100 - N2,000 and N2,100 - N3,00 respectively on household. The highest earnings from energy sales per week was charcaol (N10,001- N20,000) fuelwood (N3,000 - N10,000, and N10,001 and N20,000), kerosene (N3,000 - N1,000) gas (N10,001 - N20,000) respectively. Charcoal was the most preferred energy source for domestic purposes among the households in Lafia LGA. It is recommended that the use of bioenergy from wastes should be encouraged while availability of kerosene, cooking gas and efficient electricity should be improved.
Keywords
Charcoal, Energy, Fuelwood, Household, Gas, Kerosene
To cite this article
David Oriabure Ekhuemelo, Felicity Amuche Ugwueze, Emmanuel Terzungwue Tembe, Assessment of Domestic Energy Preference in Lafia Local Government Area of Nasarawa State, Nigeria, International Journal of Energy and Environmental Science. Vol. 2, No. 5, 2017, pp. 95-102. doi: 10.11648/j.ijees.20170205.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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