Hike in Pump Price: Major Doom to Nigerian Forest
Journal of Energy, Environmental & Chemical Engineering
Volume 3, Issue 2, June 2018, Pages: 19-26
Received: May 4, 2018; Accepted: May 25, 2018; Published: Jun. 14, 2018
Views 876      Downloads 49
Egbewole Zaccheaus Tunde, Department of Forestry, Wildlife and Ecoutourism, Nasarawa State University Keffi, Keffi, Nigeria
Rotowa Odunayo James, Department of Forest Production and Products, Faculty of Renewable Natural Resources, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
Article Tools
Follow on us
Oil products are derived from crude oil and they include petrol, diesel, kerosene, natural gas, bitumen. Oil was discovered in Nigeria in 1956 at Oloibiri in the present Bayelsa State, after a century of searching. Over the years, there has been variation in the price of oil products in Nigeria. The upward adjustments of petroleum products have resulted in inflation, high cost of living, and inequitable distribution of income in Nigeria. Between 1978 and 2007, the various Nigerian regimes increased fuel prices a total number of 19 times. Most of the increase occurred in the 1990-2017 period when petroleum products prices were adjusted upwards sometimes twice in one year. The instability of oil products in Nigeria as a result of widespread smuggling and diversion of products from their approved destinations, holding of products in anticipation of an increase in prices and the refineries producing at less than half of their installed capacities, these variation which in most cases is on the increase side has led to deforestation at its peak yet, afforestation Programmes in Nigeria have a relatively short history with just 78 years. Although the different governments, beginning from the pre-independence and post-independence periods have made modest attempts.
Oil Products, Deforestation, Afforestation, Forest and Petroleum
To cite this article
Egbewole Zaccheaus Tunde, Rotowa Odunayo James, Hike in Pump Price: Major Doom to Nigerian Forest, Journal of Energy, Environmental & Chemical Engineering. Vol. 3, No. 2, 2018, pp. 19-26. doi: 10.11648/j.jeece.20180302.11
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Women Environmental Programme WEP (2011). Report of the world Desertification Day as Marked. WEP Conference Hall, Abuja on the 17th June, 2011.
Jigawa State Afforestation Programme- JIGAP. (2015). Second Forestry Project. Unpublished Project Brief by the JIGAP Head Office Mallam Madori. Jigawa State.
Federal Ministry of Environment- FME (2013). Assessment of Desertification in Borno, Yobe and Jigawa States. MIREC Solutions International Ltd, Abuja.
Oloyede, I. O. (2008). Afforestation and Reforestation: The Unilorin Experiment. Presentation at the High Level Technical Workshop on Afforestation and Climate Change in Africa. Organised by the Centre for Human Security of the Olusegun Obasanjo Presidential Library (OOPL) & Nigeria Tree Planters from December 15 –17, 2008.
Asdrasko, K. 1990. Climate Change and Global Forests: Current Knowledge of Political Effects, Adaptation and Mitigation Options. FAO, Rome.
Omofonmwan, S. I., and G. I. Osa-Edoh (2008)."The Challenges of Environmental Problems in Nigeria." Journal of Human Ecology 23.1: 53-57.
Dharam, P. G. (1991): The Political Economy of Oil Gas in Africa. The case of Nigeria, Lagos, Nigeria: Taylor and Francis Publishers.
National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) (2017): Premium Motor Spirit (Petrol) Price Watch 2017 https://www.proshareng.com/admin/upload/reports/PremiumMotor017.pdf.
Peter E. A (2011): The Impact of Oil Price on The Nigerian Economy. JORIND (9) 1June, 2011. ISSN 1596-8303 www.transcampus.org/journals.www.ajol.info/journals/jorind.
Hassan, B. (2012). The Presidential Initiative on Afforestation: Prospects and Challenges. Being a Presentation at the Stakeholder Forum/ Eco-Fair at the State Secretariat Conference Hall, Katsina.
Medugu N. I.; Majid, M. R.; Johar, F. and Choji, I. D. (2009). The Role of Afforestation Programme in Combating Desertification in Nigeria. International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management. Vol. 2 No. 1, 2010, pp. 35-47.
Mbendi, M. L. (2000): Law and Petroleum Industry in Nigeria Lagos, Nigeria: African Books Publishers.
Runl, O. (2010) Africa centre for leadership strategy and development. Publication of Africa new work on August, 2010.
Odjugo, P. A (2010)"General Overview of Climate Change Impacts in Nigeria." Journal of Human Ecology 29.1: 47-55. EBSCO.
FDA (2008): National Centre for Genetic Resource and Biotechnology Ibadan, Federal Department of Agriculture Abuja 2008. State of plant genetic resource for food and agriculture in Nigeria.
Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO, 2010): Sustainable forest management http://www.fao.org/forestry/sfm/24447/en/.
FAO (2003). Experience of Implementation National Forestry Programmes in Nigeria, Sustainable Management Programme in African ACP Countries: EC-FAO Partnership Programme (2000-2003), Food and Agricultural Organization, Quebec, available at www.fao.org/docrep/fao/005/ac918e/ac918e00.pdf.
Kalu C., Edet, D. I. and Chukwuenye, C. E. (2014). Assessment of Afforestation and Reforestation Efforts by Forestry Department, Ministry of Environment, Imo State. Journal of Research in Forestry, Wildlife and Environmental Volume 6, No. 2 September, 2014. ISBN: 2141 – 1778. Ltd, Abuja.
Kamal M. I and Sulaiman I M (2016) A Review of Afforestation Efforts in Nigeria. International Journal of Advanced Research in Engineering and Applied Sciences.
Federal Government of Nigeria (2012). National Strategic Action Plan for the Implementation of the Great Green Wall for the Sahara and the Sahel Initiative. Federal Ministry of Environment, Abuja, Nigeria.
World Bank (1998): The World Fact Book A publication of World Bank.
Jigawa State Afforestation Programme- JIGAP. (1998). Interim Project Completion Report of the Activities of JIGAP Second Forestry Project. MallamMadori, Jigawa State.
Angelsen, A. and Kaimowitz, D. 2001. Agricultural technologies and tropical deforestation. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, United Kingdom.
Rhett Butler (2014): Environmental issue in Nigeria http://www.pgrfa.org/gpa/nga/Nigeria2.
Capistrano, A. D. 1994. Tropical forest depletion and the changing macro economy 1967-85. In: The Causes of Tropical of Tropical Deforestation. The economic and statistical analysis of factors giving rise to the loss of the tropical forest, eds. Brown, K. and Pearce, D. pp 65-85. UCL Press.
Penny, R (2009). Desertification and Deforestation in Nigeria. Land Use, Land Cover and Earth Sciences Vol V. Cape Town South Africa.
Egbewole Zaccheaus Tunde, and Rotowa Odunayo James (2017). Effects of Declining Paper Industry on Nigeria Economy and the Way Forward. American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry. Vol. 5, No. 6, 2017, pp. 181-187. doi: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20170506.11.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186