Modelling and Simulation to Predict Partial Mobile Velocity Effect on Clostridium Transport in Heterogeneous Lateritic and Silty Formation in Ahoada West, Rivers State of Nigeria
This paper is to predict the behaviour of clostridium transport in heterogeneous lithostratification depositions. Heterogeneity of the concentration were also monitored, fluctuation were observed base on the pressure from several phase considered in the system to monitor the transport process of these type of microbial specie. The depositions of this contaminant were observed to experiences lots of vacillations base on the deposition of substrate in the strata through their migration process. Partial mobile velocity was also observed in the system in most structured deposition of the formation thus affect the transport by developing accumulation of the contaminant in some deposited strata. These were observed to reflect on degree of porosity pressure including stratification variation experiences in the study area. simulation were carried out for validation of the derived model for the study, theoretical values generated were compared with experimental data, and both parameters developed best fits expressing validation of the model. The study is imperative because it has reflected in the behaviour of the clostridium under the influences of micronutrient, this affect its rate of concentration on ground water quality, experts in the field will definitely find these model useful in monitoring and investigation of ground water quality in deltaic environment.
Eluozo S. N.,
Modelling and Simulation to Predict Partial Mobile Velocity Effect on Clostridium Transport in Heterogeneous Lateritic and Silty Formation in Ahoada West, Rivers State of Nigeria, Journal of Energy, Environmental & Chemical Engineering.
Vol. 2, No. 2,
2017, pp. 16-24.
Amadi A. N (2011) effects of urbanization on groundwater quality: a case study of port-Harcourt, southern Nigeria Natural and Applied Sciences Journal Vol. 11 No.
Akpokodje, G. E., (2001). Hydrogeochemical investigation of groundwater in parts of Niger Delta. Jour. of Mining and Geol. Vol. 19, pp 145-150.
Awalla CO, Ezeigbo HI (2002). An appraisal of water quality in Uburu - Okposi Area of Ebonyi State, Southeastern Nigeria. Water Resources – J. Nige. Assoc. of Hydrogeol., 13: 33-39.
Amadi, A. N. (2009). Physio-chemical and Bacteriological Evaluation of Groundwater in parts of Aba, Abia State, Southeastern Nigeria. International Journal of Applied Biological Research, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp 63-71.
Amadi, A. N. 2007. Aquifer characterization and groundwater vulnerability around Owerri, Southeastern, Nigeria: Unpublished M. Tech. Thesis, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria.
Alagbe SA (2006). Preliminary evaluation of hydrochemistry of Kalambaina Formation, Sokoto Basin, Nigeria. Environ. Geol., 51: 39 – 45.
Ahiarakwem CA, Ejimadu OG (2002). Geochemical properties of groundwater in Orlu Area of Imo State, Southeast Nigeria. Water Resources – J. Niger. Assoc. of Hydrogeology. 13: 19-22.
Aniya FMU, Schoenekeck K (1992). Hydrogeological. Investigations of aquifers of Auchi Area J. Min and Geol. 26 (1): 45 – 53.
Domenico PA (1992). Concepts and Models in Ground water Hydrology. McGraw – Hill Book Company, New York.
Domenico PA, Schwartz FW (1988). Physical and Chemical Hydrology. John Wiley and sons, New York.
Decker, J. C. (1981). Potential health hazards of toxic residues in sludge. In sludge-health risk of land application. Ann. Arbon. Sci. Publ. Inc., pp, 85-102.
Downey JS (1984). Geology and hydrology of the Madison Limestone and associated rocks in parts of Montona, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota and Wyoming. US Geology Survey Professional Paper 1273 – G.
Etu-Efeotor, J. O. and Akpokodje, G. E., (1990). Aquifer systems of the Niger Delta. Jour. of Mining and Geol., Vol. 20, No. 2, pp 264-266.
Ehirim, C. N., Ofor, W. (2011). Assessing Aquifer vulnerability solid wastes landfill Sites in a Coastal Environment, Port Harcourt, Nigeria. Trends in Applied Sciences Research, 6(2), 165 –173.
El-Deeb, M. K. Z., Emara, H. I. (2005). Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and aromatic plasticizer materials in the seawater of Alexandria Coastal area. Egyptian J. of Aquat. Res., 31, 15-24.
Horsfall, M., Spiff, A. I. (1998). Principles of environmental Chemistry. Metrol Prints Ltd, Nigeria, pp. 107–118.
Horspers J (1965). Gravity field and structure of the Niger Delta, Nigeria. GSA Bull., 76: 407 – 422.
Martens, D. A., Frankenberger, Jr. T. (1995). Enhanced Degradation of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in soil treated with an Advanced Oxidative Process—Fenton’s Reagent. Journal of Soil Contamination, 4(2), 175-190.
Nwankwoala, H. O. and Mmom, P. C., (2007). Towards sustainable management of Groundwater in Port-Harcourt Metropolis. Jour. Of Nigerian Environmental Society, Vol. 3, No. 3, pp 204-214.
Nwankwoala, H. O., (2005). Estimating aquifer parameters in parts of Port-Harcourt and environs using pumping test data. Unpublished M. sc thesis, Rivers State University of Science and Technology, Nigeria.
Idowu OA, Ajayi O, Martins O (1999). Occurrence of groundwater in parts of Dahomey Basin, Southwestern Nigeria. J. Min. and Geol., 35 (2): 229-236.
Odukoya, O. O., Arowolo, T. A., Bamgbose, O. (2002). Effect of Solid Waste. Landfill on underground and surface water quality at Ring Road, Ibadan. Global J. Environ. Sci., 2(2), 235–242.
Ogbuagu, D. H., Okoli, C. G., Gilbert, C. L., Madu, S. (2011). Determination of the contamination of groundwater sources in Okrika Mainland with Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs). British Journal of Environment & Climate Change, 1(3), 90-102.
Okeke, O. COnyekuru S. O.*,. Uduehi G and Israel H. O. 2011 Geology and hydrogeology of Northern Ishan district, Edo state, Southwestern Nigeria International Research Journal of Geology and Mining (IRJGM) Vol. 1 (1) pp. 001-011.
Whiteman, A., 1982. Nigeria: its Petroleum Geology, Resources and Potential. London: Graham and Trotman Publishers, pp301-310.
Schwartz FW, Hang ZH (2003). Fundamentals of Groundwater. John Wiley and owns, New York.
Teme, S. C., (2002). Geotechnical Consideration on Foundation Design in the Niger Delta. Lead paper presented at the plenary session. Proc. 38th Annual Inter. Conference of the Nigerian Mining and Geosciences Society (NMGS) held in Port-Harcourt.
Eluozo S. N. 2013 Alluvium studies on void ratio and porosity of microbes transport in coastal area of rivers state, Nigeria American Journal of Environment, Energy and Power Research Vol. 1, No. 4, June 2013, PP: 94 – 107.
Eluozo S. N. 2013 Modelling and simulation of mobile bacteria influenced by heterogeneous permeability and void ratio in fines Sand formation at Rumuokoro districts of port Harcourt metropolis, Niger delta of NigeriaInternational Journal of Environmental Engineering Science and Technology Research Vol. 1, No. 12, PP: 308 – 327.