The Impact of the Bark of Camel’s Foot (Piliostigmathonningii) on the Physico-Mechanical Properties of Natural Rubber Vulcanizate
Journal of Energy, Environmental & Chemical Engineering
Volume 1, Issue 1, December 2016, Pages: 19-23
Received: Oct. 21, 2016; Accepted: Nov. 12, 2016; Published: Dec. 16, 2016
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Authors
Michael Ifeanyichukwu Ugbaja, Department of Polymer Technology, Nigerian Institute of Leather and Science Technology, Zaria, Nigeria
Kevin Ibe Ejiogu, Department of Polymer Technology, Nigerian Institute of Leather and Science Technology, Zaria, Nigeria
James Datoegoem Dashe, Department of Polymer Technology, Nigerian Institute of Leather and Science Technology, Zaria, Nigeria
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Abstract
A study on the impact of the bark camel’s foot “Piliostigmathonningii” on the physico-mechanical properties of natural rubber vulcanizate when used as filler has been carried out. Laboratory scale two roll mill was used to compound five different formulations of the natural rubber and the camel’s foot bark filler according to the following ratios in grams: 100/0, 70/30, 60/40, 50/50, and 40/60 respectively. From the compounded formulations; test samples were prepared using the laboratory scale hydraulic press machine. Each prepared composite sample was tested for tensile-strength, elongation at break, hardness, abrasion and compression properties, and the result obtained showed that the tensile strength of the vulcanizate increased with increase in filler loading up till 50% of the natural rubber content but decreased when the filler is beyond that. The elongation at break decreased with the control sample having the highest elongation. The hardness of thevulcanizate increased with increase in filler loading. The abrasion resistance did not follow any consistent trend in particular. The compression-set was found to be decreasing with increase in filler loading.
Keywords
Bark of Camel’s Foot, Piliostigmathonningii, Physico-Mechanical Properties, Natural Rubber Vulcanizate
To cite this article
Michael Ifeanyichukwu Ugbaja, Kevin Ibe Ejiogu, James Datoegoem Dashe, The Impact of the Bark of Camel’s Foot (Piliostigmathonningii) on the Physico-Mechanical Properties of Natural Rubber Vulcanizate, Journal of Energy, Environmental & Chemical Engineering. Vol. 1, No. 1, 2016, pp. 19-23. doi: 10.11648/j.jeece.20160101.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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