Study on Tensile, Bending and Water Uptake Properties of Sugarcane Bagasse Fiber Reinforced Polypropylene Based Composite
Journal of Biomaterials
Volume 3, Issue 1, June 2019, Pages: 18-23
Received: Apr. 11, 2019; Accepted: May 21, 2019; Published: Jun. 13, 2019
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Mohammad Bellal Hoque, Department of Textile Engineering, Fareast International University, Dhaka, Bangladesh; Institution of Radiation and Polymer Technology, Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Md. Sahadat Hossain, Glass Research Division, Bangladesh Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Ruhul A. Khan, Institution of Radiation and Polymer Technology, Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission, Dhaka, Bangladesh
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In this study, sugarcane bagasse fiber reinforced polypropylene based composites were fabricated successfully and their tensile, bending and water uptake behavior were studied. The composites were prepared by compression molding process. The fiber composition in the composites was 30% by weight. Results revealed that due to reinforcement by fiber, composites achieved 51% increase in tensile strength, 151% in tensile modulus, 109% in bending strength and 68% in bending modulus over that of polypropylene. Elongation at break was reduced due to the lower elongation property of fiber. The composites were treated by alkali for checking out the effects of alkali on composites. The concentrations of alkali used for treating the composites were 3%, 5% and 7% solution of sodium hydroxide (NaOH) and it was found that 7% solution of sodium hydroxide demonstrated lowest tensile and bending properties. Sheared composite samples were immersed into deionized water and it was noticed that composite samples were absorbed 2.10% water within 40 minutes of water absorption test. Soil degradation test was carried out for 16 weeks and it was observed that, the tensile and bending properties of sugarcane bagasse fiber reinforced polypropylene based composites were degraded slowly. The composites lost 35% of their original mechanical properties and retained 54% of actual weight after 16 weeks of degradation in soil medium.
Sugarcane Bagasse Fiber, Polypropylene, Composite, Tensile Properties, Bending Properties
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Mohammad Bellal Hoque, Md. Sahadat Hossain, Ruhul A. Khan, Study on Tensile, Bending and Water Uptake Properties of Sugarcane Bagasse Fiber Reinforced Polypropylene Based Composite, Journal of Biomaterials. Vol. 3, No. 1, 2019, pp. 18-23. doi: 10.11648/j.jb.20190301.13
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This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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