Equilibrium and Kinetic Studies on Biosorption of Iron (II) and Iron (III) Ions onto Eggshell Powder from Aqueous Solution
Applied Engineering
Volume 1, Issue 2, May 2017, Pages: 65-73
Received: Feb. 28, 2017; Accepted: Apr. 12, 2017; Published: Jun. 2, 2017
Views 315      Downloads 89
Authors
Eman Aly Ashour, Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Minia University, EL-Minia, Egypt
Maha Abdelbaset Tony, Advanced Materials / Solar Energy and Environmental Sustainability Laboratory, Basic Engineering Science Department, Faculty of Engineering, Minoufia University, Shbin El-koum, Minoufia, Egypt
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
As a consequence of modernization, industry is spread in the whole world, one of the industries that producing a wastewater as a by-product, iron and steel industry. The result is a huge amount of wastewater that contaminated with iron and steel. Biosorption techniques especially with a natural low cost adsorbent material, namely chicken eggshell is gaining an important goal for treating with a cost efficient material. This present investigation, eggshell (untreated natural eggshell and the treated one which is burned to 500°C) was applied for two types of iron removal from wastewater (Fe2+ and Fe3+). The adsorption capacity of Fe3+ and Fe2+ verified 105.4 and 165.6 mg/g, respectively within 120 minutes for the unmodified eggshell, which enhanced to 129.7 and 181.3 mg/g, respectively, for the modified eggshell. Different parameters were studied such as initial iron concentration in wastewater, agitation speed and the mass of the biosorbent. The isotherm study revealed that the data well fitted for linearized forms of Langmuir. The kinetic study followed the pseudo-second order reaction rate.
Keywords
Biorbent, Chicken Eggshell By-Product, Iron, Wastewater
To cite this article
Eman Aly Ashour, Maha Abdelbaset Tony, Equilibrium and Kinetic Studies on Biosorption of Iron (II) and Iron (III) Ions onto Eggshell Powder from Aqueous Solution, Applied Engineering. Vol. 1, No. 2, 2017, pp. 65-73. doi: 10.11648/j.ae.20170102.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Renge, V. C., Kedkar, S. V., Pande, S. V., Removal of heavy metals from wastewater using low cost adsorbents: a review, Science Revs. Chememical Communications, 2 (4), 580-584, 2012.
[2]
Bhaumik, R. Mondal, N. K., Das, B., Roy, P., Pal, K. C., Das, C., Banerjee, A., Datta, J. K., Eggshell Powder as an Adsorbent for Removal of Fluoride from Aqueous Solution: Equilibrium, Kinetic and Thermodynamic Studies, E-Journal of Chemistry, 9 (3), 1457-1480, 2012.
[3]
Rohaizar, N. A., Abd Hadi, N., Sien, W. C., Removal of Cu (II) from Water by Adsorption on Chicken Eggshell, International Journal of Engineering and Technology IJET-IJENS, 13 (1), 40-45, 2013.
[4]
Rubcumintara, T., Chromium and Iron Removal for Hard Chrome Bath Recycling using Eggshell Sorbent, Journal of Clean Energy Technologies, 2 (2), 158-162, 2014.
[5]
Paul, J. M., Vijayan, A. M., Raju, A., Megha, C., Sadique, K., Comparison of Iron Removal Effeciency by Areation and Adsorption, Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering, 13 (3), 01-04- 2016.
[6]
Zulfikar, M. A., Setiyanto, H., Djajanti, S. W., Effect of temperature and kinetic modelling of lignosulfonate adsorption onto powdered eggshell in batch systems, J. Sci. Technol. 35 (3), 309-316, 2013.
[7]
Ikram, M., Ur Rehman, A., Ali, S., Ali, S., Bakhtiar, S., Alam, S., The adsorptive potential of chicken egg shells for the removal of oxalic acid from wastewater, Journal of Biomedical Engineering and Informatics, 2 (2), 2016.
[8]
Al-awwal, N. Y., Ali, U. L., Proximate Analyses of Different Samples of Egg Shells Obtained from Sokoto Market in Nigeria, International Journal of Science and Research, 4 (3), 564-566, 2015.
[9]
Ho Y., G. McKay, Sorption of dye from aqueous solution by peat. Chem. Eng. J., 70, 115–124, 1998.
[10]
Demirbas, E., Kobya, M., Senturk, E., Ozkan, T., Adsorption Kinetics for the Removal of Chromium (VI) from Aqueous Solutions on the Activated Carbons prepared from Agricultural Wastes, Water SA, 30, 533-539, 2007.
[11]
Ehrampoush, M. H., Gh. Ghanizadeh, Gh., Ghaneian, M. T., Equilibrium and kinetics study of reactive red 123 dye removal from aqueous solution by adsorption on eggshell, Iran. J. Environ. Health. Sci. Eng., 8 (2), 101-108, 2011.
[12]
Boukhlifi, F., Chraibi, S., Alami, M., Evaluation of the Adsorption Kinetics and Equilibrium for the Potential Removal of Phenol Using a New Biosorbent, Journal of Environment and Earth Science, 3 (7), 181-191, 2013.
[13]
Ali, Z., Ibrahim, M., Madhloom, H., Eggshell Powder as An Adsorbent for Removal of Cu (II) and Cd (II) from Aqueous Solution: Equilibrium, Kinetic and Thermodynamic Studies, Al-Nahrain University, College of Engineering Journal, 91 (2), 186 – 193, 2016.
[14]
Pandey K. K., Prasad G., Singh V. N., Removal of Cr (VI) from aqueous solution byadsorption on fly ash wollastonite, J ChemTechnolBiotechnol, 34 (A), 367-374, 1984.
[15]
Dogan M, Alkan M, Türkyılmaz A and Özdemir Y, Kinetics and mechanism ofremoval of methylene blue by adsorption onto perlite, J Hazard Mater, 109 (B), 141–148, 2004.
[16]
Ajmal M., Mohammad A., Yousuf R., Ahmad A., Adsorption behaviour ofcadmium, zinc, nickel and lead from aqueous solution by Magnifier indica seedshell, Ind J Environ Health, 40 (1), 15-26, 1998.
[17]
Rao M V B, Rao M S, Prasanthi V, Ravi M, Characterization and defluoridationstudies of activated Dolichos lab lab carbon, Rasayan J Chem, 2 (2), 525-530, 2009.
[18]
Jamode A. V., Sapkal V. S., Jamode V. S., Defluoridation of water using inexpensiveadsorbents, J Indian InstSci, 84, 163-171, 2004.
[19]
Kishorea M., Hanumantharao Y., Validation of defluoridation method with “acaciaarabica” plant byproduct through 2nd factorial experimentation-statistical approach, Inter J Appl Bio Pharma Technol, 1 (3), 1230-1235, 2010.
[20]
Saha P., Chowdhury S., Gupta S., Kumar I., Insight into adsorption equilibrium, kinetics and thermodynamics of Malachite Green onto clayey soil of Indian Origin, Chem Eng J, 165 (3), 874-882, 2010.
[21]
Murugan M., Subremanian E., Studies on defluoridation of water by tamarindseed, an unconventional biosorbent, J Water Health, 4, 453-461, 2006.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
548 FASHION AVENUE
NEW YORK, NY 10018
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-688-8931