The Effect of Mass Transfer Resistance on the Adsorption Rate of Phenol in Soil Sediments
American Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering
Volume 2, Issue 4, December 2018, Pages: 56-64
Received: Nov. 12, 2018; Accepted: Nov. 27, 2018; Published: Jan. 14, 2019
Views 733      Downloads 93
Eugene Ehidiamhen Yakubu, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
Chiedu Owabor, Department of Chemical Engineering, Federal University of Petroleum Resources Effurun, Effurun, Nigeria
Article Tools
Follow on us
This study was aimed at evaluating the effect of mass transfer resistance to the transport of phenol in soil sediments. Batch adsorption experiments were conducted using phenol in homogenous soil sediments (clay and sand). The Physico-chemical properties of the soil sediments were determined and sorption behaviour kinetically modelled using the Pseudo-first order, Pseudo-second order, Intra-particle, Elovich, and Power function models. The sorption behaviour was best modelled with the intra-particle model (R2 ˃ 0.9628). The rate limiting step and mass transfer resistance were determined by the Boyd plot, Homogenous pore diffusion model (HPDM) and the modified Furusawa -Smith equation. The Boyd plots indicated external mass transfer as the rate-determining step for the phenol/clay and phenol/sand systems; the HPDM model gave a poor fit (R2 ≈ 0.6) for the phenol sorbate systems, corresponding with projections from the Boyd plots. From the results of the study, the rate controlling step for phenol sorption in the sediments was predominantly due to external mass transfer resistance. A comparative analysis between the two sediments using the Furusawa -Smith equation gave the mass transfer coefficients for clay and sand to be 2.09205E-14 m s−1 and 4.17537E-12 m s−1 respectively, showing that as the particle size decreased, the more significant the effect of external mass transfer effect on the sorption rate.
Contaminants, Adsorption, Sediment, Adsorbate, Adsorbent, Resistance
To cite this article
Eugene Ehidiamhen Yakubu, Chiedu Owabor, The Effect of Mass Transfer Resistance on the Adsorption Rate of Phenol in Soil Sediments, American Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering. Vol. 2, No. 4, 2018, pp. 56-64. doi: 10.11648/j.ajese.20180204.12
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Owabor, C. N., Agarry, S. E., Ayodele, B. V., Udeh, S. I., and Ehiosun, E. (2013). Comparative Study of the Adsorption and Desorption Behavior of Single and Multi-Ring Aromatics in Sediment Fractions. Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science, 3, 67-73.
Wang, Y. J., Chen, J. H., Cui, Y. X., Wang, S. Q., and Zhou, D. M. (2009). Effects of low-molecular weight organic acids on Cu(II) adsorption onto hydroxyapatite nanoparticles. J Hazard Mater, 162: 1135–1140.
Kookana, R. (2010). The Role of Biochar in Modifying the Environmental Fate, Bioavailability and Efficacy of Pesticides in Soils: A Review. Soil Research, 48 (7), 627-637.
Gebremariam, S. (2011). Mineralization, Sorption and De- sorption of Chlorpyrifos in Aquatic Sediments and Soils, Ph.D. Thesis. Pullman: Washington State University.
Owabor, C., Ogbeide, S., and Susu, A. (2010b). Adsorption and Desorption Kinetics of Naphthalene, Anthracene and Pyrene in Soil Matrix. Petroleum Science and Technology, 28 (5), 504-514.
Ding, L. (2010). Mechanisms Of Competitive Adsorption Between Trace Organic Contaminants And Natural Organic Matter On Activated Carbon,. Ph.D Dissertation Submitted To The University Of Illinois.
Girish, C., and Ramachandra, V. M. (2016). Mass Transfer Studies on Adsorption of Phenol from Wastewater Using Lantana camara, Forest Waste;. International Journal of Chemical Engineering, 6 (2), 11.
Kapur M Mondal M K, (2013) Mass transfer and related phenomena for Cr(VI) adsorption from aqueous solutions onto Mangifera indica sawdust,” Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 218, pp. 138–146
Osagie, E. I. and Owabor, C. N. (2015) Adsorption of Naphthalene on Clay and Sandy Soil from Aqueous Solution. Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science, 5, 345-351
Ghogomu J. N, Dieudonné, Estella N. Tamungang N B, Ajifack D. L., Ndi J. N, Ketcha M J (2014) Adsorption of phenol from aqueous solutions onto natural and thermallymodified kaolinitic materials Int. J. Biol. Chem. Sci. 8 (5): 2325-2338
Ayanda, O., Fatoki, S., Adekola, F., and Ximba, B. (2013). Kinetics and equilibrium models of the adsorption of tributyltin to nZnO, activated carbon and nZnO/activated carbon composite in artificial seawater. Mar Pollut Bull, 1016, 10.
Vermeulen, T. (1953). Theory for irreversible and constant-pattern solid diffusion. Industrial Eng. Chem, 45, 1664–1670.
Valderrama, C., Gamisans, X., de las Heras, X., and Farr´an b, A. (2008). Sorption kinetics of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons removal using granular activated carbon: Intraparticle diffusion coefficient. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 158, 386-396.
Vadivelan, V., and Vasanth Kumar, K. (2005). Equilibrium, kinetics, mechanism, and process design for the sorption of methylene blue onto rice husk. J Colloid Interface Sci, 286, 90–100.
Djebbar M, Djafri. F, Bouchekara M. and Djafri A. (2012) Adsorption of phenol on natural clay African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry Vol. 6 (2), pp. 15-25,
Ahmad, M., Puad, N., and Bello, O. (2014). Kinetic, equilibrium and thermodynamic studies of synthetic dye removal using pomegranate peel activated carbon prepared by microwave-induced KOH activation. Water Res Ind, 10 (4), 234-345.
Igwe, J., and Abia, A. (2006). A bioseparation process for removing heavy metals from waste water using biosorbents. African J Biotechnol, 5 (12), 1167-1179.
Nethaji, S., Sivasamy, A., and Mandal, A. B. (2013). Adsorption isotherms, kinetics and mechanism for the adsorptionof cationic and anionic dyes onto carbonaceous particles prepared from Juglans regia shell biomass. International Journal for Environmental Science Technology, 10, 231-242.
Erdogan E. B (2011). Cr (vi) removal with natural, surfactant modified and bacteria loaded zeolites. An unpublished PhD thesis submitted to the Graduate School of Engineering and Sciences of Izmir Institute of Technology.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186