Urban Agriculture (UA) and Its Effects on Poverty Alleviation: A Case Study of Vegetable Farming in Ibadan Metropolis, Nigeria
American Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering
Volume 1, Issue 3, August 2017, Pages: 68-73
Received: Mar. 14, 2017; Accepted: Apr. 5, 2017; Published: May 24, 2017
Views 2213      Downloads 186
Authors
Remi Adeyemo, Department of Agricultural Economics, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Nigeria
Ayodeji Sunday Ogunleye, Department of Agricultural Economics, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Nigeria
Ayodeji Damilola Kehinde, Department of Agricultural Economics, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Nigeria
Olamide Anuoluwapo Ayodele, Department of Agricultural Economics, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Nigeria
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Urban agriculture is a viable option to alleviate poverty among urban dwellers especially the unemployed and low income earners that barely cope with the expensive lifestyle of urban centers. Thus, this study investigated effects of urban agriculture on poverty alleviation among vegetable farmers. Specifically, described the socio-economic characteristics of vegetable farmers, examined profitability of vegetable enterprise, assessed level of poverty among vegetable farmers, and determined factors influencing level of poverty status of vegetable farmers. A multistage sampling procedure was used to obtain data from 100 respondents for the study. Data were collected on socio-economics characteristics such as age, marital status, educational level, household size, income level and expenditure level. Data were analyzed using descriptive analysis, budgetary analysis, Foster, Greer, and Thorbecke (FGT) index; and Probit regression analysis. Descriptive statistics for the entire respondents showed average values of 45(±8.10) years for age, 11(±4) years for years of experience, 7(±3.5) persons for household size, and 4(±3.5) hectares for farm size. The budgetary analysis showed that average net income, benefit-cost ratios and rate of return were ₦40, 327, ₦ 2.46 and ₦ 1.50, respectively. FGT index revealed that about 30% of the sampled vegetable farmers experience poverty. Only 3.4% experience extreme poverty, while 7.9% were moderately poor. Probit estimates further revealed that factors such as net income (p<0.05), cost of labour (p<0.05), and household size (p<0.01) had significant effects poverty status of vegetable farmers in the study area. However, the study concluded that vegetable enterprise is profitable and could help to reduce poverty to a minimum level. In accordance with the findings of the study, we therefore recommend that youths should be encouraged to go into vegetable farming as it was found to reduce poverty. Also, input support services in the form of credit facilities, fertilizer and other chemicals should be provided with a view to reduce cost of labour incurred on vegetable production.
Keywords
Poverty, Vegetable Farming, Urban Agriculture, Ibadan
To cite this article
Remi Adeyemo, Ayodeji Sunday Ogunleye, Ayodeji Damilola Kehinde, Olamide Anuoluwapo Ayodele, Urban Agriculture (UA) and Its Effects on Poverty Alleviation: A Case Study of Vegetable Farming in Ibadan Metropolis, Nigeria, American Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering. Vol. 1, No. 3, 2017, pp. 68-73. doi: 10.11648/j.ajese.20170103.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Sulaiman A. Yusuf, Olubunmi L. Balogun and Olanike E. Falegbe (2015): Effect of urban household farming on food security status in ibadan Metropolis, Oyo State, Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 60, No. 1, 2015 Pages 61-75
[2]
NBS (2010): Nigerian poverty profile 2010.
[3]
Ucha, C. (2010): Poverty in Nigeria; some dimensions and contributing factors. Global majority E-journal vol 1 (1), pg 46-56.
[4]
Kareem, R. O and Raheem, K. A (2012): A review of urban agriculture as a tool for building food security in Nigeria; challenges and policy options. Journal of sustainable development in Africa vol 14 (3), ISSN 1520-5509.
[5]
FAO, (2010): Urban and peri-urban horticulture and the urban food supply, Fact sheet 3, Rome, Italy http://www.fao.org/ag/agp/greenercities/pdf/FS/UPH-FS-3.pdf
[6]
Philani, M. (2013): Urban agriculture and poverty mitigation in Zimbabwe: prospects and obstacles in Bulawayo townships. J Hum Ecol, 42(2), pg 125-133.
[7]
Sunday, I. (2009): Urban farming and food security in Nigeria. Pranjana vol 12,( 1), Jan Jun 2009
[8]
Adebayo, O. O (2013): Analysis of poverty level among urban households in Irewole Local Govt. Area of Osun State. Global journal of Arts, Humanities and social sciences vol. 1, No. 1, pg 13-19, 2013
[9]
Darkey, K. S, Dzoemku, B. M, Okorley, E. L, Gyimah, N. A and Bluwey, F. A (2014): Contribution of urban vegetable production to farmers livelihood: A case of the Kumasi metropolis of Ashanti region Ghana. Scientific paper series, management, economic, engineering in agriculture and rural development, vol 14 (1).
[10]
FAO, (2014): Urban Agriculture accessed from (.www.fao.org/urban-agriculture/en/.) 5th Oct. 2015.
[11]
Atagher, M. M, Ver,. A. and Akor,. A. (2014): Assessment of the contribution of urban crop production to the socio-economic development of Benue State. IOSR journal of Agriculture and veterinary science, vol 7 (10), pg 12-18.
[12]
Hadabe, and Mpofu, (2013): Empowering women through improved security in urban centres; A gender survey in Boluwayo urban agriculture. African educational research journal. Vol 1(1) pg 18-32
[13]
FAO, (2012): An introduction to basic concept of food security www.foodsec.org.
[14]
Sahu, P. K (2004): Analysis of vegetable production in India, China and World. Journal of Vegetable Production vol 10(1).
[15]
Ibekwe, U. C and Adesope, O. M. (2010): Analysis of Dry Season Vegetable Production in Owerri West Local Government Area of Imo State, Nigeria. Department of Agricultural Economics,Federal University of Technology, Owerri; Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Nigeria. Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics (2010), Vol. 2(6), pp. 245-249
[16]
Odok, G. N and Agbachome, E. E. (2012): An economic analysis of commercial vegetable Enterprises in Calabar, Nigeria. African Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2045-8460 Volume 2 (2), (2012) 17-22.
[17]
Iheke, O. R (2009): Economics of harvested vegetable production in Abia State, Nigeria. Agricultural Society of Nigeria proceeding of the 43rd annual conference in Abuja. 20th October, 2009, pg 305
[18]
Salau, E. S and Attah, A. J (2012): A socio-economic analysis of urban agriculture in Nassarawa State, Nigeria. PAT June, 2012, vol 8(1). Pg 17-29, ISSN 0794-5213.
[19]
Obayelu, O. A, Obayelu, A. E and Usmana, Z. A (2014): socioeconomic characteristics of urban leafy vegetables farmers, resource-use efficiency and profitability of production by irrigation systems in Lagos metropolis, Nigeria
[20]
Ibrahim, H., Uba-eze, N. R, Oyewole, S. O and Onuk, E. G (2009): Food security among urban households: A case study of Gwagwalada Area Council of the Federal Capital Territory Abuja, Nigeria. Pakistan journal of Nutrition vol 8(6), pg 810-813, ISSN 1680-5194.
[21]
Sanusi, R. A, Badejo, C. A and Yusuf. B. O (2006): Measuring household food security in selected local government areas of Lagos and Ibadan, Nigeria. Pakistan journal of nutrition, 5(1), pg 62-67
[22]
Ibok, O. I, Idiong, C. I, Brown, I. N, Okon, I. E & Okon, U. E (2014): Analysis of Food Insecurity Status of Urban Food Crop Farming Households in Cross River State, Nigeria: A USDA Approach. Journal of Agricultural Science; Vol. 6, (2); 2014
[23]
Yusuf, S. A, Balogun, L. O and Falegbe, O. C. (2015): Effects of urban household farming on food security status in Ibadan Metropolis, Oyo State, Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural sciences, vol 60 (1), pg 61-75.
[24]
Egbuna,.N. E (2009): Urban agriculture: A strategy for poverty reduction in Nigeria www.cbn.org Accessed 07.09.2015
[25]
Oladele,.O. I (2011): Contribution of indigenous vegetables and fruit to poverty alleviation in Oyo state, Nigeria. J Hum Ecol, 34(1), pg 1-6.
[26]
National Population Commission (NPC) (2006). Human population figures of 2006 census in Nigeria
[27]
ICAP Group S. A., (2006). Financial Ratios Explanation, S. l.: ICAP Group S. A..
[28]
Foster, James, J. Greer, and Erik Thorbecke, 1984, “a class of Decomposable poverty measure”, Econometrica 52:761-66
[29]
Masuku, M. B and Xaba, B. G (2013): Factors Affecting the Productivity and Profitability of Vegetables Production in Swaziland. Journal of Agricultural Studies ISSN 2166-0379 2013, Vol. 1 (2).
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186