Nutraceutical Potential of Two Wild Edible Fruits Growing in Sub-Sahara Region of Nigeria
American Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering
Volume 1, Issue 2, May 2017, Pages: 52-58
Received: Mar. 10, 2017; Accepted: Apr. 5, 2017; Published: May 15, 2017
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Authors
Salisu Abubakar, Biotechnology Advanced Research Centre, Sheda Science and Technology Complex, Abuja, Nigeria
Veronica Archibong Etim, Biotechnology Advanced Research Centre, Sheda Science and Technology Complex, Abuja, Nigeria
Abubakar Bello Usman, Biotechnology Advanced Research Centre, Sheda Science and Technology Complex, Abuja, Nigeria
Abubakar Isyaku, Biotechnology Advanced Research Centre, Sheda Science and Technology Complex, Abuja, Nigeria
Babura Bashir Sabo, Natural Resources Management and Climate Change, Agricultural Research Institute, Jigawa, Nigeria
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Abstract
This work was carried out to assess nutraceutical values of two prominent wild edible fruit, Hyphaene thebaica (L.) Mart. and Borassus aethiopum Mart. from family Arecaceae. Determination of phytochemical, proximate, minerals and antioxidant potentials were carried out. The proximate analysis of the moisture, ash content and crude fat reveals (6.74%, 6.88%, 7.29%, 6.53% and 7.10%, 7.23%) for H. thebaica and B. aethiopum respectively. The B. aethiopum ranked highest in crude fibre (32.15% ), while the highest carbohydrate content was determined in H. thebaica (65.90% ), the protein content of both fruits were observed to be low (8.33±1.4%) and (3.34% ) for H. thebaica and B. aethiopum, respectively. The mineral analysis revealed that in both samples sodium (Na) was highest 14.06mg/g in B. aethiopum and 14.54mg/g, in H. thebaica, Calcium (Ca) 6.20mg/g in B. aethiopum and H. thebaica 5.00±0.06, Potassium (K), 4.57mg/g in B. aethiopum and H. thebaica 5.60mg/g, Magnesium (Mg) 2.03mg/g, in B. aethiopum and H. thebaica 1.53mg/g. The antioxidant activity of the aqueous extracts were determined and compared with the standard vitamin C, using stable 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picryl-hydrazyl (DPPH) and ascertained by measuring reducing power, the extracts showed promising antioxidant activity at 0.5mg/ml, and the IC50 values were calculated using linear regressions (0.86, 0.98, and 1) for vitamin C, B. aethiopum and H. thebaica, respectively. The results indicated that B. aethiopum and H. thebaica fruits possessed nutraceuticals values very much comparable with the commercial fruits reported earlier such as Magnifera indica, Anarcadium occidentalis, and Psidium guajava just to mention but few.
Keywords
Antioxidants, Borassus Aethiopum, Hyphaene Thebaica, Minerals, Proximate, Wild Fruits
To cite this article
Salisu Abubakar, Veronica Archibong Etim, Abubakar Bello Usman, Abubakar Isyaku, Babura Bashir Sabo, Nutraceutical Potential of Two Wild Edible Fruits Growing in Sub-Sahara Region of Nigeria, American Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering. Vol. 1, No. 2, 2017, pp. 52-58. doi: 10.11648/j.ajese.20170102.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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