Integrating Geographic Information System (Gis) and Remote Sensing (Rs) for Groundwater Resources Prospecting
American Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering
Volume 1, Issue 2, May 2017, Pages: 40-47
Received: Feb. 28, 2017; Accepted: Mar. 25, 2017; Published: Apr. 14, 2017
Views 1763      Downloads 130
Aiyelokun Oluwatobi, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
Ogunsanwo Gbenga, Department of Information Communication Technology, Tai Solarin University of Education, Ijagun, Nigeria
Opatoki Ayodeji, Department of Environmental Health Technology, Pogil College of Health Technology, Oke Eri, Nigeria
Agbede Oluwole, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
Article Tools
Follow on us
Groundwater can be effectively managed when reliable information is available for planning purposes. The integration of GIS and RS provides a significant approach for assessing groundwater potentiality. This study assessed the role of GIS and RS in groundwater resources management and planning in Afikpo sub-basin of Nigeria, based on the integration of thematic maps such as geology, slope, lineament, land use/land cover and drainage map of the study area. The study revealed that the groundwater potential zones in the study area had excellent, very good, good, moderate and poor prospects with an aerial extent of 136.31 km2, 1035.44 km2, 1432.26 km2, 472.48 km2 and 13.22 km2 respectively. The large aerial extent of favorable groundwater recharge potentiality in Afikpo sub-basin was found to have been as a result of the high amount of lineaments and the sedimentary geologic environment. The study further showed that for effective water resources management and planning, the integration of GIS and RS, which could serve as decision support tool needs to be adopted effectively in Nigeria.
Groundwater, Remote Sensing, Lineaments, Sedimentary
To cite this article
Aiyelokun Oluwatobi, Ogunsanwo Gbenga, Opatoki Ayodeji, Agbede Oluwole, Integrating Geographic Information System (Gis) and Remote Sensing (Rs) for Groundwater Resources Prospecting, American Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering. Vol. 1, No. 2, 2017, pp. 40-47. doi: 10.11648/j.ajese.20170102.12
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Aiyelokun, O., Ogunsanwo, G. and Opatoki, A. (2016). Application of Innovative Technology in Groundwater Resources Prospecting in Afikpo Sub-Basin, Nigeria. Paper Presented at the TASUED UCC 2016 Interdisciplinary Conference. Themed: Integration, Innovation and Technology Education for Global Development. 22-25 August, 2016.
Senthil, K. and Shankar, K. (2014). Assessment of Groundwater Potential Zones Using GIS. Frontiers in Geosciences (FG). 2 (1): 1- 10.
Hernández-Mora, N; Martínez-Cortina, L. and Fornés, J. (2003). Intensive Groundwater Aquifer Over-Exploitation. Implications for Water Policy in Southern Europe. In: Agricultural Use of Groundwater. Towards Integration between Agricultural Policy and Water Resources Management (ed. C. Dosi), Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp. 107-125.
Srinivasan, K., Poongothai, S. and Chidambaram, S. (2013). Identification Of Groundwater Potential Zone By Using Gis And Electrical Resistivity Techniques In And Around The Wellington Reservoir, Cuddalore District, Tamilnadu, India. European Scientific Journal. 9 (17): 312-331.
Sharma, M. P. Anukaran, K. Udayan, S. (2012). Identification of groundwater prospecting zones using Remote Sensing and GIS techniques in and around Gola block, Ramgargh district, Jharkhand India. International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research 3 (3): 1-6.
Teeuw, R. M. (1995). Groundwater exploration using remote sensing and a low-cost geographical information system. Hydrogeology Journal 3 (3): 21-30.
Goyal, S., Bhardwaj, R. S. and Jugran, D. K. (1999) Multicriteria and analysis using GIS for groundwater resource evaluation in Rawasen and Pilli watershed, U. P. (www. GIS development Net).
Saraf, A. K. and Choudhary, P. R. (1998) Integrated Remote Sensing and GIS for groundwater exploration and identification of artificial recharge sites. Internal Journal Remote Sensing, 9 (10): 1825-1841.
Nwankwoala, H. (2015). Hydrogeology and Groundwater Resources of Nigeria. New York Science Journal, 8 (1): 89-100.
Adelana, S. Olasehinde, P. Bale, R. Vrbka, P. Edet, E. and Goni I. (2008). An overview of the geology and hydrogeology of Nigeria. Applied groundwater studies in Africa. 171-198.
Adelana SMA, Olasehinde P. I and Vrbka P. (2006). A quantitative estimation of groundwater recharge in parts of Sokoto Basin, Nigeria. Journal Environmental Hydrology, 14 (5): 1-17.
Zektser, I. S and Everett, L. G (2004). Groundwater resources of the world and their use. IHP – VI Series on Groundwater, 6, 346pp.
Burrough, P. A. (1986). Principles of Geographical Information Systems for Land Resources Assessment. Oxford University Press, Oxford, p. 193.
Brown, T. J. (1995). The Role of Geographical Information Systems in Hydrology, (Eds.) In Sediment and Water Quality in River Catchments (Edt.): Foster, I., Gurnell, A. M. andPetts, G. E., John Wiley & Sons, New York, pp. 33-48.
Lyon, J. (2003). Taylor and Francis, GIS for Water Resources and Watershed Management, New York, pp. 189-207.
Chukwu G. U., Ijeh B. I. and Olunwa K. C. (2013). Application of Landsat imagery for landuse/landcover analyses in the Afikpo sub-basin of Nigeria. International Research Journal of Geology and Mining (IRJGM). 3 (2): 67-81.
Offodile, M. E. (1992). An approach to groundwater study and development in Nigerian. Jos: Mecon Services Ltd. Nigeria. 138-147.
Hsin-Fu, Y., Cheng-Haw, L., Kuo-Chin, H., Po-Hsun C. (2009). GIS for the assessment of the groundwater recharge potential zone. Environ Geol. 58: 185-195.
Srinivasa, Rao. Y. and Jugran, K. D. (2003). Delineation of Groundwater Potential Zones and Zones of Groundwater Quality Suitable for Domestic Purposes Using Remote Sensing and GIS,” Hydrogeology Science Journal, vol. 48, pp. 821–833, 2003.
Aravindan, S., Patak, S. and Chandrasekhar. (2006). Groundwater targeting in the hard rock area of Gadliam River Basin, Tamil Nadu through Remote Sensing and GIS. Journal of Apllied Hydrology, vol. 19, no. 1 & 2, pp. 84-93.
Krishnamurthy, J., Kumar, N. V., Jayraman, V. and Manivel, M. (1996). An Approach to Demarcate Groundwater Potential Zones through Remote Sensing and GIS,” International Journal of Remote Sensing, vol. 17, no. 10, pp. 1867– 1884.
Omoboriowo, A. O., Chiaghanam, O. I. Soronnadi-Ononiwu, G. C, Acra, E. J. Okengwu, K. O. Ugwueze, C U. Yikarebogha, Y. Momta, P. S. (2012). Appraisal of the Groundwater Quality in Arochukwu Area, Afikpo Basin, Nigeria. International Journal of Science and Technology. 2 (11): 788-793.
Shaban A, Khawlie M, Abdallah C. (2006). Use of remote sensing and GIS to determine recharge potential zone: the case of Occidental Lebanon. Hydrogeol J. 14: 433-443.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186