Resistance Potential of Chrysoperla carnea (Stephens) to Insecticides Used Against Sucking Complex of Cotton
International Journal of Ecotoxicology and Ecobiology
Volume 4, Issue 1, March 2019, Pages: 1-7
Received: Nov. 30, 2018; Accepted: Dec. 17, 2018; Published: Mar. 5, 2019
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Authors
Mubasshir Sohail, Plant Protection Division, Nuclear Institute of Agriculture, Tando Jam, Pakistan; Department of Entomology, University College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Pakistan
Muhamad Haider Nasar, Department of Plant Protection, Sindh Agriculture University, Tando Jam, Pakistan
Raza Muhammad, Plant Protection Division, Nuclear Institute of Agriculture, Tando Jam, Pakistan
Qadeer Ahmed Soomro, Plant Protection Division, Nuclear Institute of Agriculture, Tando Jam, Pakistan
Muhammad Usman Asif, Plant Protection Division, Nuclear Institute of Agriculture, Tando Jam, Pakistan
Jan Muhammad Maari, Department of Plant Protection, Sindh Agriculture University, Tando Jam, Pakistan
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Abstract
The reported high loss mortality rate of green lacewing, (Chrysoperla carnea) have been attributed to diverse factors including unattended use of insecticides. Since chemical control is one of a significant practice to manage insect pest in cotton. However, this kind of practice may impair the natural control provided by generalist predator C. carnea. Although, natural control adoption is limited in crops, area and season due to wide-spread use of insecticides but presence of resistance potential in C. carnea may improve the design of solid IPM strategies. Herein, we aimed to assess the toxicity of four insecticides to two strains of C. carnea (viz. laboratory reared and field collected adults) and to evaluate their resistance potential by calculating their resistance ratio. LC50 was calculated at 24 h following topical application administered when the adults were 3 days old. Control adult mortalities were less than 10% at 24 h. The LC50 values (µl mL-1) for laboratory reared strains of each tested insecticide were: acetamiprid, 0.0064; bifenthrin, 3.75; chlorpyrifos, 0.067; and profenofos, 0.052. The LC50 values for field collected strains were 0.096 (acetamiprid), 34.8 (bifenthrin), 0.21 (chlorpyrifos) and 0.44 (profenofos). The toxicity of the test insecticide to C. carnea from more to least toxic was acetamiprid > profenofos > chlorpyrifos > bifenthrin. Field collected strain possessed 15 (acetamiprid)-, 9.28 (bifenthrin)-, 3.13 (chlorpyrifos)-, and 8.5 (profenofos)-fold more resistance than the susceptible population. These results are pretty worthwhile for integration of C. carnea in IPM programs, impairing with insecticides.
Keywords
Green Lacewing, Chrysoperla, Resistance Potential, Insecticides, Toxicity
To cite this article
Mubasshir Sohail, Muhamad Haider Nasar, Raza Muhammad, Qadeer Ahmed Soomro, Muhammad Usman Asif, Jan Muhammad Maari, Resistance Potential of Chrysoperla carnea (Stephens) to Insecticides Used Against Sucking Complex of Cotton, International Journal of Ecotoxicology and Ecobiology. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2019, pp. 1-7. doi: 10.11648/j.ijee.20190401.11
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Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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