Effect of Apricot Stone Activated Carbon Adsorbent on the Removal of Toxic Heavy Metals Ions from Aqueous Solutions
International Journal of Ecotoxicology and Ecobiology
Volume 3, Issue 2, June 2018, Pages: 51-62
Received: May 29, 2018;
Accepted: Jun. 25, 2018;
Published: Aug. 1, 2018
Views 729 Downloads 70
Abeer El-Saharty, Marine Chemistry Department, National institute of Oceanography and Fisheries, Alexandria, Egypt
Shaimaa Nasser Mahmoud, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Monofiya University, Monofiya, Egypt
Ahmed Hashem Manjood, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Monofiya University, Monofiya, Egypt
Adel Abdel Hady Nassar, Marine Chemistry Department, National institute of Oceanography and Fisheries, Alexandria, Egypt
Abdel Moneum Ahmed, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt
In this work, activated carbon was prepared from apricot stone (ASAC) waste to remove the toxic heavy metal ions (Aluminum ions and zinc ions) from aqueous solutions. The effect of different parameters such as PHs, adsorbent dose, the initial heavy metal ions concentration and contact time were investigated. Adsorption isotherm, kinetics and thermodynamics of metal ions on ASAC were studied. Equilibrium data were fitted to the Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models. Langmuir isotherm provided the best fit to the equilibrium data with maximum adsorption capacity. Kinetic studies were also undertaken in terms of pseudo-first-order and pseudo-second-order kinetic models for heavy metal ions on ASAC. The adsorption process follows the pseudo- second order kinetic with high coefficients correlation. The thermodynamic parameters ∆G°, ∆H° and ∆S° determined, showed that the adsorption of heavy metal ions onto ASAC was feasible, spontaneous and endothermic. The results showed that ASAC is an efficient adsorbent for the adsorptive removal of heavy metal ions from aqueous solutions.
Shaimaa Nasser Mahmoud,
Ahmed Hashem Manjood,
Adel Abdel Hady Nassar,
Abdel Moneum Ahmed,
Effect of Apricot Stone Activated Carbon Adsorbent on the Removal of Toxic Heavy Metals Ions from Aqueous Solutions, International Journal of Ecotoxicology and Ecobiology.
Vol. 3, No. 2,
2018, pp. 51-62.
Afkhami A., madrakin T. and Karimi Z. Effect of impregnation of carbon with ethylene diamin tetra aceticacid on its adsorption capacity for the adsorption of several metals ions. J. Hazard. mater., 150:408-412 (2008).
Dean J. G., Bosqui F. L. and Lanouette K. L., Removing heavy metals from wastewater. Environmental Science and Technology, 6, 518 (1972).
Manahan Stanely. E., Environmental Science, Technology, and Chemistry. CRC Press / Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, FL. (1994).
Kant R. and Kant K. (2010) water pollution: management control and treatment, New Age International, (2010).
Reed B. E. and Nonavinakere S. K., Metal adsorption by activated carbon. Separation Science and Technology, 27, (1985-1992-2000).
Xue Z., Hua Z., Yao, N. and Chen, S., Separation and recovery of nickel and cadmium from spent 12. Cd-Ni storage batteries and their process wastes. Separation Science and Technology, 27, 213-221 (1992).
Tsezos M. and Volesky B., Biosorption of uranium and Corium. Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 23, 583-604 (1981).
Hohl H. and Stumn W., Interaction of Pb+2 with anhydrous Al203. J. Colloid Interface Sci, 55, 281-288, (1976).
Doina A., Laura B., Elena B., Lead (II) removal from aqueous solutions by adsorption onto chitosan, Cellul. Chem. Technol., 43, 211-216 (2009).
Oladoja N. A., Aboluwoye Oladimeji Y. B., Kinetics and Isotherm studies on methylene blue adsorption onto ground palm kernel coat, Turkish J. Eng. Env. Sci., 32, 303-312 (2008).
Yahya S., Musa I., Amjad H., Gavin M., Effect of solution pH, ionic strength, and temperature on adsorption behavior of reactive dyes on activated carbon, Dyes and Pigments, 20, 1-8 (2007).
Nikam G. H. and Mohite B. S., Liquid-Liquid extraction and separation of Cobalt (II) from sodium acetate media using Cyanex 272, Res. J. chem. Sci., 2, 75-82 (2012)
Nandkumar D. V. and Lawrence T. L., Zinc, Cadmium and Lead Separation from aqueous streams using solid — phase extract ants, Ind. Eng. Chem. V, 36, 399-406 (1997).
Vedula R. K. and Balomajumder C., Simultaneous Adsorptive Removal of Cyanide and Phenol from Industrial Wastewater: Optimization of Process Parameters, Res. J. chem. sci., 1, 30-39 (2011).
Nirmal Kumar J. I., Cini 0., Removal of heavy metals by biosorption using fresh water alga Spirogyra hyaline,. 1. Environ. Biol., 33, 27-31 (2012).
Kadirvelu K., Kavipriya M., Karthika C., Radhika M., Vennilamani N., Pattabhi S., Utilization of various agricultural wastes for activated carbon preparation and application for the removal of dyes and metal ions from aqueous solutions, Bioresour. Technol., 87, 129-132 (2003).
Murhekar G. H., Assessment of Physico-Chemical Status of Ground Water Samples in Akot city Research Journal Of ChemicalSciences, 1 (4), 117-124 (2011).
Shabudeen P. S. S., Study of the Removal of Malachite Green from Aqueous Solution by using Solid Agricultural Waste, Res. J. chem. sci., 1, 88-104 (2011).
Vengris T., Binkiene R., Sveikauskaite A., Nickel, Copper and Zinc removal from wastewater by a modified clay sorbent, Appl. Clay Sci., 18, 183-190 (2001).
Newton D. F. L., Adsorption of Copper (11) and Cobalt (II) Complexes on a silica gel surface chemically modified with 3-amino-1, 2, 4-triazole, Colloids Surf., 144, 219 —227 (1998).
Meenakshi G., Rattan V. K., Bansal R. C., Removal of Copper from aqueous solutions by adsorption on activated carbons, Colloids Surf, A, 190, 229-230 (2001).
Gottipatti R. and Mishra S., Application of Response surface Methodology for Optimization of Cr (III) and Cr (VI) Adsorption on Commercial Activated carbons, Res. J. chem. sci., 2, 40-48 (2012).
Bin Y., Alka S., Shyam SS., Kenneth D. L., The Removal of heavy metal from aqueous solutions by sawdust adsorption — Removal of copper, J. Hazard. Mater., 80, 33-42 (2000).
Njoku VO, Hameed BH. Preparation and characterization of activated carbon from corncob by chemical activation with H3PO4 for 2, 4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid adsorption.
Smith B. C. infrared spectral interpretation: A Systematic Approach. CRC Press. Boca Raton; 1999.
Ren, L., Zhang, J., Li, Y. & Zhang, C. Preparation and evaluation of cattail fibre-based activated carbon for 2, 4-dichlorophenol and 2, 4, 6-trichlorophenol removal, Chem. Eng. J., 168, 553-561 (2011).
Förstner, U. and Wittman, G. T. W. Metal Pollution in the Aquatic Environment. 2nd Edition, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, German (1981)
Gueu S., Yao B., Adouby K. and Ado G., lnt. J. Environ. Sci. Technol., 4, 11 (2007).
Horsfall M. andAbia A., Water Res., 37, 4913 (2003).
Dakiky M., Kharnis M. and Manassra A., Adv. Environ. Res., 6, 533 (2002).
Acar F. N. and Eren Z., Hazard J. Mater, 137, 909 (2006).
Bulut Y. and Tez Z., Environ J., Sci., 19, 160 (2007).
Caramalau C., Bulgariu L. and Macoveanu M., Cheat. Bull. "POLITEHNICA". (Tindsoara), 54, 13 (2009).
Ramiro J. E. M., Rosano P., Rui A. R. B., Cadmium (I1) and Zinc (U) adsorption by the aquatic moss Fontinalis antipyretics: effect of temperature, pH and water hardness, Water Res., 38, 693-699 (2004).
Aksu Z. and Kutsat T. A., J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol., 52, 109 (1991).
Horsfall Jnr. M and Spiff. A. T., Electron. J. Biotechnol., 8, 162 (2005).
Gupta. V. K., Srivastava. S. K. and Mohan. D. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 36, 2207 (1997).
Lagergren. S, Vetenskapsakad Handl. Svenska. K. 24No 4 (1998).
Ho and Mckay G., Can. J Chem. Eng., 76, 822 (1998).
Hall K. R, Eagleton. L. C., Acrivos. A and Vermeulen T., Ind. Eng. Chem. Furzdam., 5, 212 (1966).
Prabakaran R. andArivoli S., Eur. J. Appl. Eng. Sci. Res., 1,134 (2014).
Arivoli J. S, Martin Deva Prasath P. and Thenkuzhali M., EJEAFChe, 6, 2323 (2007).
Singh S., Verma L. K., Sambi S. S. And Sharma S. K. Proceeding of the World Congress on Engineering and Computer Science (WCECS 2008), Sanfrancisco, USA, October 22-24 (2008).