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Ultimate Biodegradation of Industrial Detergent Used in the Upstream Sector of the Nigeria Petroleum Industry in Freshwater, Brackish and Marine Water
International Journal of Ecotoxicology and Ecobiology
Volume 2, Issue 4, December 2017, Pages: 134-144
Received: May 19, 2017; Accepted: Jun. 22, 2017; Published: Sep. 22, 2017
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Authors
Renner Renner Nrior, Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Rivers State University of Science and Technology, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Lucky Odokuma, Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Elizabeth Tete, Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Rivers State University of Science and Technology, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
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Abstract
Ultimate biodegradability of Industrial detergent; Teepol and Gamazyme used in the upstream sector of the Nigeria petroleum industry were investigated in fresh, brackish and marine water systems. The methodology of ultimate biodegradability estimated from the ratio of Biochemical Oxygen Demand to Chemical Oxygen Demand was used to determine biodegradability. Evaluation of percentage (%) ultimate biodegradation at day 20; showed T-pol (71.2%) to be more biodegradable in brackish water system while Gamazyme (31.1%) in fresh water system is least. Comparatively, biodegradability potential of the Industrial detergents in the tri-aquatic systems were; Fresh water system: T-pol (46.6%) >Gamazyme (31.1%). Brackish water system: Gamazyme BTC (73.1%) > T-pol (71.2%). Marine water system: T-pol (55.6%) >Gamazyme (44.7%). Industrial detergent utilizing bacteria genera isolated and their frequency were; Pseudomonas 35.7%, Bacillus 30.7%, Micrococcus 15.4% and Enterobacter 15.4% while fungi genera were; Aspergillus, Penicillium, Rhizopusand Mucor. Conclusively, the study showed that Industrial detergent Gamazyme BTC had a very low biodegradation potential in fresh and marine water environment especially in fresh water. Based on these findings; the use of Industrial detergent Gamazyme should be with high caution or discontinued in the upstream sector of the Nigeria Petroleum Industry.
Keywords
Ultimate Biodegradation, Industrial Detergent, Teepol, Gamazyme, Marine Water, Brackish Water, Freshwater, Pseudomonas sp, Bacillus sp
To cite this article
Renner Renner Nrior, Lucky Odokuma, Elizabeth Tete, Ultimate Biodegradation of Industrial Detergent Used in the Upstream Sector of the Nigeria Petroleum Industry in Freshwater, Brackish and Marine Water, International Journal of Ecotoxicology and Ecobiology. Vol. 2, No. 4, 2017, pp. 134-144. doi: 10.11648/j.ijee.20170204.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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