Survey and Identification of Macroinvertebrates Found in Some Ponds in Makurdi, Benue State Nigeria
International Journal of Ecotoxicology and Ecobiology
Volume 2, Issue 1, March 2017, Pages: 26-32
Received: Oct. 31, 2016; Accepted: Dec. 7, 2016; Published: Jan. 20, 2017
Views 2872      Downloads 93
Authors
Ada Raymond Tersoo, Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria
Iorshagher Sixtus Terngu, Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Animal Science, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria
Akogwu Emmanuel Akogwu, Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Macroinvertebrates are important part of the aquatic food chain, vectors of some diseases as well as indicators of pollution in an aquatic environment. A survey of macroinvertebrates fauna of five ponds was done to identify the species present in these water bodies. The scoop net method was used and supplemented by hand picking method to collect macroinvertebrate samples. Results obtained showed that four classes of macroinvertebrates were present at the sampled sites and class insecta had the highest percentage occurrence (57.27%) followed by gastropoda (31.10%), malacostraca (6.69%) and oligochaete (4.94%) with the least occurrence. Analysis of variance showed that there was a significant difference (p < 0.05) between the classes of macroinvertebrates sampled at all locations. Further analysis using Post hoc test (LSD) showed that the class malacostraca and oligochaete did not differ significantly (p > 0.05) in distribution across all locations. Physio – chemical parameters showed no striking disparity in the water bodies sampled. The predominant aquatic flora encountered were Ipomoea aquatica, Nymphaea lotus and Graminae species. All macroinvertebrates belonged to three phylum: Annelida, Mollusca and Arthropoda.
Keywords
Macroinvertebrates, Survey, Ponds
To cite this article
Ada Raymond Tersoo, Iorshagher Sixtus Terngu, Akogwu Emmanuel Akogwu, Survey and Identification of Macroinvertebrates Found in Some Ponds in Makurdi, Benue State Nigeria, International Journal of Ecotoxicology and Ecobiology. Vol. 2, No. 1, 2017, pp. 26-32. doi: 10.11648/j.ijee.20170201.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
J. Davis and F. Christidis. A Guide to Wetland Invertebrates of Southwestern Australia, Western Australian Museum, Perth.pgs 45-54. 1997.
[2]
M. T. Barbour, J. Gerritson, B. D. Snyder and J. B. Stribling. Rapid bio assessment protocols for use in streams and wadeable rivers: Periphyton, benthic Macroinvertebrates and fish, 2nd edition, pgs 86-94, EPA/841/B-99/002. Washington, DC: U. S. Environmental Protection Agency. 1999.
[3]
P. Turcotte and P. P. Hamper. The Macroinvertebrate Fauna of a small stream. Freshwater Biology, 12: 411–419. 1982.
[4]
D. T. McQueen, J. R. Post and E. I. Mills. Trophic relationships in freshwater pelagic ecosystems, Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 43: 1571–1581. 1986.
[5]
J. M. Hanson. Macroinvertebrate Size Distribution of two contrasting Macrophyte Communities. Freshwater Biology, 24: 481–491. 1990.
[6]
E. U. Imafidon. Ecological Studies of freshwater snails in Ibadan, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Parasitology, 12: 59–63. 1991.
[7]
C. A. Emejulu, F. C. Okafor and J. C. Ezigbo. Gastropod fauna of Agulu Lake and adjoining freshwater systems in Anambra State, Nigeria. Journal of Aquatic Sciences, 7: 35–38. 1992.
[8]
F. C. Okafor. Distribution of freshwater gastropods in the lower River Niger and Cross River Basins of South-Eastern Nigeria with reference to their Trematode Infections. Biotropical Landwirtsch and Veterinary Medicine, 28: 207–216. 1990.
[9]
P. I. Agi and V. N. Okowuosa. Aspects of water quality of freshwater systems Harbouring snail vectors Schistosome parasites in Jos, Nigeria. Journal of Aquatic Sciences, 16 (1): 13–17. 2001.
[10]
H. S. Idris and O. J. Ajanusi. Snail Intermediate Hosts and Etiology of Human Schistosomiasis in Katsina State, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Parasitology, 23: 145–152. 2002.
[11]
E. A. Omudu and A. Iyough. Ecological Studies of Some Gastropod Fauna of Some Minor Tributaries of River Benue in Makurdi. Nigeria. Animal Research International 2 (2): 306–310. 2005.
[12]
P. I. Agi. Survey of freshwater snail vectors of Schistosomiasis and study of Physio-chemical Parameters of the water bodies in Ogoni Communities, River State, Nigeria. Hydrobiological Journal, 21 (1): 31–36. 1995
[13]
O. J. Owojori, S. O. Asaolu and I. E. Ofoezie Ecology of freshwater snails in Opa Reservoir and Research farm Ponds at Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Nigeria. Journal of AppliedSciences, 6 (15): 3004–3015. 2006.
[14]
B. I. Igbinosa, J. I. Izegaegbe, F. C. Okafor and D. A. Uhunwangho. Ecological Survey of Freshwater Ecosystems of Ovia, Edo State Nigeria for Gastropod Molluscs. Animal Research International Journal. 12 (2): 2171–2177. 2015.
[15]
T. J. A. Akaahan, P. A. Araoye, and F. M Olabanji. Macroinvertebrate fauna group and their relationship with environmental variables in River Benue at Makurdi, Benue State Nigeria. Journal of Ecology and the Natural Environment, 6 (8): 271–279.
[16]
J. A. Day. A Monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 1 Errantia. British Museum of Natural History, London, pp: 458. 1967.
[17]
R. W. Pennak. Freshwater Invertebrates of the United States. 2nd Edition. John Wiley and Sons, New York, pp: 810.1978.
[18]
R. W. Merritt and K. W. Cummins. An Introduction to the Aquatic Insects of North America. 3rd Edition, Kendall-Hunt, Dubuque, IOWA, pp: 862. 1996.
[19]
R. W. Bouchard. Guide to Aquatic Invertebrates of the Upper Midwest: Identification manual for students, citizen monitors and aquatic resources professionals. Water Resources Centre, USA. 174pp. 2004.
[20]
P. S. Verma, and V. K. Aggarwal. A Manual of Practical Zoology: Invertebrates. S. Chand & Company Ltd, New Delhi. 647pp. 2010.
[21]
J. A. Adakole. Benthic macroinvertebrates as indicators of environmental quality of an urban stream, Zaria, Northem Nigeria. Journal of Aquatic Sciences vol. 18 (2): 85-92. 2003.
[22]
C. A. Edokpayi and E. C. Osimen. Hydrobiological studies on Ibiekuma River at Ekpoma, Southem Nigeria, after impoundment; the faunal characteristics. African Journal of Science and Technology (AJST) Science and Engineering Series 2 (1); 77-81. 2001.
[23]
A. E. Ogbeibu and B. J Oribhabor. The Ecological impact of stream regulation using benthic macroinvertebrates as indices. Journal of Aquatic Sciences, 16 (2): 139–143. 2001.
[24]
I. G. Asibor. Seasonal Biodiversity Assessment of Benthic Macroinvertebrate of Asejire Reservoir, Southwest Nigeria. Journal of Sustainable Development; 8 (2): 257-269. 2015.
[25]
J. B. Edward and A. A. A. Ugwumba. Macroinvertebrate fauna of a Tropical Southern Reservoir, Ekiti State, Nigeria. Continental Journal of Biological Sciences 4 (1): 30–40. 2011.
[26]
I. Okpalla. Studies on Schistosomahaemastoma infection in school children in Epe, Western Nigeria. West African Medical Journal, 10 (6): 402-412. 1961
[27]
S. O. Adeyemi1, I. A. Adikwu, P. M. Akombu. and J. T. Iyela. Survey of Zooplanktons and Macroinvertebrates of Gbedikere Lake, Bassa, Kogi State, Nigeria. International Journal of Lakes and Rivers (IJLR) 2 (1): 37-44. 2009.
[28]
J. O. Olomukoro, I. M. Osamuyiamen, A. Dirisu. Ecological Survey of Macrobenthic Invertebrates of Selected Ponds in Agbede Flood Plain, Southern Nigeria. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare. Vol 3, No (10): 2224-3208. 2013.
[29]
J. O. Olomukoro, and E. O. Oviojie. Diversity and Distribution of Benthic Macroinvertebrate Fauna of Obazuwa Lake in Benin City, Nigeria. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare. Vol 5, No (1): 2224-3208. 2015.
[30]
I. T. Nathaniel. The Macro-invertebrate benthic fauna and bottom sediment studies of Opa Reservoir in Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. M. Phil. Thesis Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife. (2001)
[31]
http://insects.ummz.lsa.umich.edu/fauna/Michigan_Cicadas/Michigan/Index.html. Retrieved 13th November, 2016.
[32]
"Paguristes frontalis (H. Milne-Edwards, 1836)". Australian Faunal Directory. Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. Retrieved 13th November, 2016.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186