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Survey and Identification of Macroinvertebrates Found in Some Ponds in Makurdi, Benue State Nigeria
International Journal of Ecotoxicology and Ecobiology
Volume 2, Issue 1, March 2017, Pages: 26-32
Received: Oct. 31, 2016; Accepted: Dec. 7, 2016; Published: Jan. 20, 2017
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Ada Raymond Tersoo, Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria
Iorshagher Sixtus Terngu, Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Animal Science, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria
Akogwu Emmanuel Akogwu, Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria
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Macroinvertebrates are important part of the aquatic food chain, vectors of some diseases as well as indicators of pollution in an aquatic environment. A survey of macroinvertebrates fauna of five ponds was done to identify the species present in these water bodies. The scoop net method was used and supplemented by hand picking method to collect macroinvertebrate samples. Results obtained showed that four classes of macroinvertebrates were present at the sampled sites and class insecta had the highest percentage occurrence (57.27%) followed by gastropoda (31.10%), malacostraca (6.69%) and oligochaete (4.94%) with the least occurrence. Analysis of variance showed that there was a significant difference (p < 0.05) between the classes of macroinvertebrates sampled at all locations. Further analysis using Post hoc test (LSD) showed that the class malacostraca and oligochaete did not differ significantly (p > 0.05) in distribution across all locations. Physio – chemical parameters showed no striking disparity in the water bodies sampled. The predominant aquatic flora encountered were Ipomoea aquatica, Nymphaea lotus and Graminae species. All macroinvertebrates belonged to three phylum: Annelida, Mollusca and Arthropoda.
Macroinvertebrates, Survey, Ponds
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Ada Raymond Tersoo, Iorshagher Sixtus Terngu, Akogwu Emmanuel Akogwu, Survey and Identification of Macroinvertebrates Found in Some Ponds in Makurdi, Benue State Nigeria, International Journal of Ecotoxicology and Ecobiology. Vol. 2, No. 1, 2017, pp. 26-32. doi: 10.11648/j.ijee.20170201.14
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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