Impact of Water Temperature and Salinity on the Distribution and Abundance of Shrimp (Crustacean: Decapoda) at Lake Burullus, Egypt
International Journal of Ecotoxicology and Ecobiology
Volume 2, Issue 1, March 2017, Pages: 1-7
Received: Oct. 31, 2016; Accepted: Nov. 17, 2016; Published: Dec. 20, 2016
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Khalid Abd-Elatef El-Damhogy, Marine Biology and Fish Division, Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt
Ahmed Mabrook Mohamed Heneash, Hydrobiology Department, National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries, Alexandria, Egypt
Ahmed EL-Sayed Zakey, Meddile East Laboratory of General Authority for Fishery Resources Development, Ministry Agriculture and Land Reclamation, Kafr Al-shayekh, Egypt
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The impact of water temperature and salinity on the abundance and distribution of shrimp in Lake Burullus, Egypt was studied at 7 selected sites during the period from January to December 2015. The shrimp in Lake Burullus during this work is represented by three species (Metapenaeus stebbingi, M. monoceros and Penaeus semisulcatus). They dominated by P. semisulcatus being constituted 51% of the annual mean of shrimp number while M. monoceros came to the second which represent 35%, at the same time the M. stebbingi was occupied the third status by 14%. P. semisulcatus and M. monoceros appeared in the period between (September and December) while species M. stebbingi was collected during the period between (April and June). Regarding sites, the shrimp present in sites 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 but they absent at site 7. The highest annual mean of shrimp density was 872.50 ± 372.45 Ind./CPUE/ 12h but the lowest annual one was 230.17 ± 84.03 Ind./CPUE/ 12h. Monthly, the maximum mean of shrimp number was 2209.67 ± 522.40 Ind./CPUE/12h during October, but the minimum one was 195 ± 86.25 Ind./CPUE/12h in June with an annual mean being 460.54 ± 195.15Ind./CPUE/ 12h. During this work, temperature has positive correlation with non-significant effect on the collected species (P>0.05), while the relation between the abundance of all collected species and salinity was positively significant relationship (P<0.05).
Lake Burullus, Salinity, Temperature, Shrimp, Abundance
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Khalid Abd-Elatef El-Damhogy, Ahmed Mabrook Mohamed Heneash, Ahmed EL-Sayed Zakey, Impact of Water Temperature and Salinity on the Distribution and Abundance of Shrimp (Crustacean: Decapoda) at Lake Burullus, Egypt, International Journal of Ecotoxicology and Ecobiology. Vol. 2, No. 1, 2017, pp. 1-7. doi: 10.11648/j.ijee.20170201.11
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