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Interactive Effect of Trichoderma viride on Broad Bean (cv. Vicia faba L.) Genotypes Grown Under Different Salinity Stress Conditions
International Journal of Ecotoxicology and Ecobiology
Volume 1, Issue 3, December 2016, Pages: 11-141
Received: Nov. 23, 2016; Accepted: Dec. 7, 2016; Published: Jan. 5, 2017
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Authors
Abdel Kareem S. H. Mohamed, Botany and Microbiology Department, Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar University, Assiut, Egypt
Mahmoud G. Mahmoud, Botany and Microbiology Department, Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar University, Assiut, Egypt
Abd El-Monem M. Sharaf, Botany and Microbiology Department, Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar University, Cario, Egypt
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Abstract
An investigation was undertaken to evaluate the interaction effect of Trichoderma viride for their possible role in imparting stress resistance and provide insight in to the potential of broad bean (cv. Vicia faba L.) genotypes to adapt to saline conditions. For this, broad bean genotypes (Assiut1, Assiut16 and Assiut159) were treated with different salinity stress levels (00, 75, 150 and 250 mM NaCl) singly or in combination with Trichoderma in the presence of salinity. In the obtained results, the overall plant growth parameters such as shoot fresh, dry weight and physiological, bio-chemical activities and antioxidant enzyme activities (catalase and peroxidase) were measured after 27 days of plant harvest. The interaction results showed that the effect of salinity stress was significantly reduced due to application of Trichoderma in terms of plant growth or in the case of Na+ accumulation in plant cells. In defense related physiological, biochemical and antioxidant enzyme activity also showed marked increase due to single or in combination of Trichoderma with salinity. Moreover, the interactive effects of Trichoderma were more pronounced in increasing overall growth, reducing transport of Na+ from root to shoot to save cytoplasm from the toxic effect of salinity and bringing about defense related physiological, biochemical, antioxidant enzyme activities in the tested-broad bean genotypes.
Keywords
Broad Bean, Trichoderma viride, Antioxidant Enzymes, H2O2, MAD, Salinity Stress
To cite this article
Abdel Kareem S. H. Mohamed, Mahmoud G. Mahmoud, Abd El-Monem M. Sharaf, Interactive Effect of Trichoderma viride on Broad Bean (cv. Vicia faba L.) Genotypes Grown Under Different Salinity Stress Conditions, International Journal of Ecotoxicology and Ecobiology. Vol. 1, No. 3, 2016, pp. 11-141. doi: 10.11648/j.ijee.20160103.21
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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