A Brief Description on Impersonal Constructions in Uyghur
International Journal of Language and Linguistics
Volume 7, Issue 4, July 2019, Pages: 158-165
Received: Jun. 13, 2019;
Accepted: Jul. 8, 2019;
Published: Jul. 17, 2019
Views 488 Downloads 58
Muzappar Abdurusul, Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing, China
Follow on us
Impersonal constructions have been a regular topic of investigation in various languages which belong to different language families across the world. Discussions over Impersonal constructions would constitute main contribution to the theoretical study. Although impersonal constructions are the main characteristics of Uyghur, but it’s been hardly noticed by theoretical linguists. With this research, I would like to put forward the idea that Uyghur also have a wide variety of impersonal constructions, the analysis of which would bring an interesting contribution to the typology of impersonality. Scholars conceive impersonal constructions in different terms, some apply morphological methods, and others adopt syntactic approaches. Whichever methodology they apply, it is unarguable that impersonal constructions are agentless by nature, in which the sentences may not have an overt subject. They are many varieties of types, such as agentless gerunds, agentless passives, existential sentences etc. Since Uyghur is a pro-drop language, omitting the pronominal subject also helps to form impersonal constructions. This paper provides a brief description on the types of impersonal constructions, explicates several ways of forming agentless sentences, and introduces main types of impersonal sentences in Uyghur.
Impersonal Constructions, Uyghur, Typology and Formation
To cite this article
A Brief Description on Impersonal Constructions in Uyghur, International Journal of Language and Linguistics.
Vol. 7, No. 4,
2019, pp. 158-165.
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Siewierska, Anna (2008a). Ways of impersonalizing: Pronominal vs verbal strategies. – María De Los Ángeles Gómez.
Siewierska, Anna (2008b). Introduction: Impersonalization from a subject-centred vs. agent-centred perspective. In: Transactions of the Philological Society, 106/2: 115~137pp.
Andrej Malchukov, Anna Siewierska (2011). Impersonal Constructions: A Cross-Linguistic Perspective John Benjamins Publishing Company.
Andrej Malchukov and Akio Ogawa (2011). Towards a typology of impersonal constructions. A semantic map approach. In: Malchukov, Andrej and Siewierska, Anna (eds.): Impersonal constructions. A cross-linguistic perspective. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company. 19~56pp.
Turdi ÄXMÄT, Änsärdin MUSA, Näsrulla YOLBOLDI (1984). Hazirqi Zaman Uyghur Tili, (Aliy Mäktäblär üčün Därslik), (Modern Uyghur Grammar, A textbook for Universities), Ürümchi: Shinjiang Maarip Näshriyati.
Sulayman SÄPÄR (2000). Hazirqi Zaman Uyghur Tili (Modern Uyghur Grammar), Ürümči, Šinjaŋ Xälq Näshriyati.
Xaliq NIYAZ (1982). Hazirqi Zaman Uyghur Tilidiki Addi Jümlilärning Jümlä Nusxiliri (The Types of Simple Sentences in Modern Uyghur). In: Shinjang Til-yeziq Komiteti (Language and Script Committee of Xinjiang) (ed.) Uyghur tili mäsililiri (Some Issues of the Uyghur Language). Ürümchi, Shinjang Xälq Näshriyati.
Zäynäp NIYAZ (1990). Hazirqi Zaman Uyghur Tilidiki Igisiz Jümlä Toghrisida (On Subjectless Sentences in Modern Uyghur), Til Wä Tärjimä 5, 24~27pp.
Niyaz TURDI (1994). Uyghur Tilidiki Igisiz Jümlilärniŋ Tüzüliši Häqqidä (On The Formation of Subjectless Sentences In Uyghur), Til Wä Tärjimä 6, 37~38pp.
Cheng, Shiliang et al. (eds.) (1996). Xiandai weiwuer yu yufa. Hazirqi Zaman Uyghur tili grammatikisi. [Modern Uyghur grammar] (In Chinese and Uyghur). Ürümči, Šinjang Xälq Näšriyati.
Hämit TÖMÜR (2003). Translated by Ann Lee, Modern Uyghur Grammar (Morphology), Yildiz Dil Ve Edebiyat 3, Istanbul.
Litip TOHTI (2004). From Phrase Structure to Minimalist Program: The Syntactic Structure of Altaic Languages. Beijing: MUC Publishing House.
Janet R. Aiken The Subjectless Imperative (1936). Modern Language Notes, Vol. 51, No. 4, pp. 273-274. The Johns Hopkins University Press.
Ronald W. Langacker and Pamela Munro (1975). Passives and Their Meaning, Language, Vol. 51, No. 4 (Dec., 1975), pp. 789-830, Published by: Linguistic Society of America.
Muzappar ABDURUSUL (2009). Adjectivalized phrase or relative clause in Uyghur. Manchu Studies 2 (53-57). Heilongjiang University).