International Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
Volume 4, Issue 4, December 2019, Pages: 133-136
Received: Nov. 21, 2019;
Accepted: Dec. 11, 2019;
Published: Dec. 24, 2019
Views 483 Downloads 163
Susan Afua Damanka, Department of Electron Microscopy and Histopathology, Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical Research, College of Health Sciences, University of Ghana, Legon, Ghana
Michael Ofori, Department of Immunology, Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical Research, College of Health Sciences, University of Ghana, Legon, Ghana
Adi Behar, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, School of Public Health, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, Israel
Shiri Meron Sudai, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, School of Public Health, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, Israel
Anya Bialik, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, School of Public Health, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, Israel
George Enyimah Armah, Department of Electron Microscopy and Histopathology, Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical Research, College of Health Sciences, University of Ghana, Legon, Ghana
Dani Cohen, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, School of Public Health, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, Israel
Susan Afua Damanka,
Shiri Meron Sudai,
George Enyimah Armah,
Improved Detection of Shigella Species in Diarrheic Children in Ghana Using Invasion Plasmid Antigen H-based Polymerase Chain Reaction Technique, International Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology.
Vol. 4, No. 4,
2019, pp. 133-136.
WHO and Maternal and Child Epidemiology Estimation Group (MCEE) estimates 2015, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.ChildMort?lang=en. Accessed 6th October 2016.
Vesikari, T., Karvonen, A., Prymula, R., Schuster, V., Tejedor, J. C., et al (2007). Efficacy of human rotavirus vaccine against rotavirus gastroenteritis during the first 2 years of life in European infants: randomised, double-blind controlled study. Lancet, 370: 1757-1763.
Armah, G., Pringle, K., Enweronu-Laryea, C. C., Ansong, D., Mwenda, J. M., et al (2016). Impact and Effectiveness of Monovalent Rotavirus Vaccine Against Severe Rotavirus Diarrhea in Ghana. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 62 (Suppl 2): S200-S207.
Kotloff, K. L., Nataro, J. P., Blackwelder, W. C., Nasrin, D., Farag, T. H., et al (2013). Burden and aetiology of diarrheal disease in infants and young children in developing countries (the Global Enteric Multicenter Study, GEMS): a prospective, case-control study. Lancet, 382: 209-222.
Khalil, I., A., Troeger, C., Blacker, B. F., Rao, P. C., Brown, A., et al (2018). Morbidity and mortality due to Shigella and Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli diarrhea: the Global Burden of Disease Study 1990-2016. The Lancet Infectious Diseases, 18: 1229-1240.
Echeverria, P., Sethabutr, O., and Pitarangsi, C. (1991). Microbiology and diagnosis of infections with Shigella and Enteroinvasive Escherichia Coli. Reviews of Infectious Diseases, 13 (Suppl 4): S220-S225.
Naravaneni, R. and Jami, l. K. (2005). Rapid detection of food-borne pathogens by using molecular techniques. Journal of Medical Microbiology 5: 51-54.
Aranda, K. R., Fagundes-Neto, U., and Scaletsky, I. C., (2004). Evaluation of multiplex PCRs for diagnosis of infection with diarrheagenic Escherichia coli and Shigella spp. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 4: 5849-5853.
Ashie, G. K., Mutocheluh, M., Owusu, M., Kwofie, T. B., Akonor, S., et al (2017). Microbial pathogens associated with acute childhood diarrhoea in Kumasi, Ghana. Biomed Central Research Notes, 10: 264.
Newman, M. J. (2001). Serotypes and antibiogram of Shigella species isolated in Accra, Ghana. Ghana Medical Journal, 35: 1.
Riddle, M. S., Chen, W. H., Kirkwood, C. D. and MacLennan, C. A. (2018). Update on vaccines for enteric pathogens. Clinical Microbiology and Infection, 24: 1039-1045.
Sethabutr O., Venkatesan, M., Murphy, G. S., Eampokalap, B., Hoge, C. W., et al (1993). Detection of Shigella and Enteroinvasive Escherichia coli by amplification of the invasion plasmid antigen H DNA sequence in patients with dysentery. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 167: 458-461.
Rosapep, L., Sanders, E., and Banke, K. (2017). The influence of customer-medicine seller transactional dynamics on childhood diarrhoea management: a qualitative study in Ghana. Health Policy Plan, 32: 527-37.
Dutta, S., Chatterjee, A., Dutta, P., Rajendran, K., Roy, S., et al (2001). Sensitivity and performance characteristics of a direct PCR with stool samples in comparison to conventional techniques for diagnosis of Shigella and Enteroinvasive Escherichia coli infection in children with acute diarrhoea in Calcutta, India. Journal of Medical Microbiology, 5: 667-674.
Shah, M. S., Ahmad, A., Khalique, N., Afzal, S., Ansari, M. A., et al (2012). Home-based management of acute diarrheal disease in an urban slum of Aligarh, India. The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries, 6: 137-142.
Fish, E. N. (2008). The X-files in immunity: sex-based differences predispose immune responses, Nature Reviews Immunology, 8 (9): 737-744.
A Global Network for the Study of Malnutrition and Enteric Diseases. The MAL-ED study (2014a): a multinational and multidisciplinary approach to understand the relationship between enteric pathogens, malnutrition, gut physiology, physical growth, cognitive development, and immune responses in infants and children up to 2 years of age in resource-poor environments. Clinical. Infectious Diseases, 59: S193-S206.
Bellan, S. E., Pulliam, J. R. C., Dushoff, J. and Meyers, L. A. (2014). Ebola control: effect of asymptomatic infection and acquired immunity. Lancet, 384: 1499–1500.