Swelling and Mechanical Behaviour of Natural Rubber Vulcanisate Filled with Leather Wastes (Buffing Dust) and Its Modeling
American Journal of Applied Scientific Research
Volume 2, Issue 2, March 2016, Pages: 6-11
Received: Apr. 1, 2016;
Accepted: May 17, 2016;
Published: Aug. 4, 2016
Views 4195 Downloads 131
Michael Ifeanyichukwu Ugbaja, Department of Polymer Technology, Nigerian Institute of Leather and Science Technology (NILEST), Zaria, Nigeria
Francis Ngozichi Onuoha, Department of Polymer and Textile Engineering, Federal University of Technology Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria
Uche Ibeneme, Department of Polymer Technology, Nigerian Institute of Leather and Science Technology (NILEST), Zaria, Nigeria
Maryann Ifeoma Uzochukwu, Department of Polymer Technology, Nigerian Institute of Leather and Science Technology (NILEST), Zaria, Nigeria
Henry Opara, Department of Polymer Technology, Nigerian Institute of Leather and Science Technology (NILEST), Zaria, Nigeria
Isaac Ndubuisi Mbada, Department of Transport Centre, Nigerian Institute of Transport Technology, Zaria, Nigeria
Follow on us
The swelling and mechanical behavior of untreated leather waste particles (buffing dust, BD) in natural rubber have been studied. Mechanical and swelling properties of the natural rubber (NR) composites containing the buffing dust have been discussed. The properties of the composites were found to increase with the increase in filler loading. Polymer composites based on leather wastes as fillers are reported to be useful for many applications such as in construction materials, automobile interior moldings, heat and sound insulating boards, shoe soles, flooring materials and moldings with good anti-static properties, air permeability, and good appearances.
Leather Waste (Buffing Dust), Natural Rubber, Swelling, Mechanical, Polymer Composites, Modeling, Vulcanizate
To cite this article
Michael Ifeanyichukwu Ugbaja,
Francis Ngozichi Onuoha,
Maryann Ifeoma Uzochukwu,
Isaac Ndubuisi Mbada,
Swelling and Mechanical Behaviour of Natural Rubber Vulcanisate Filled with Leather Wastes (Buffing Dust) and Its Modeling, American Journal of Applied Scientific Research.
Vol. 2, No. 2,
2016, pp. 6-11.
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Mark H. F. (2001) Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Technology, Interscience, New York Vol. 12: 42
Okieimen, F. E. and Imanah, J. E. (2003); The Characterisation of Agricultural Waste Products as Fillers in NR Formulation, Nig. J. Polym.Sci. and Tech, Vol. 3, 1: 210-216.
Danneberg, E. M. (1981), Proceeding of International Rubber Conference, Loughborough.
Fleminert, G and Bueche, C. (1957); “Light Reinforcement Filler” A Paper presented before the Swedish institute of Rubber Technology.
Blow, C. and Hepburn, C. (1971); Rubber Technol and Manufacture, Butter Worth Publishers London, 3rd Ed. 188.
Parkinson, D. (1957); Reinforcement of Rubber, Lakeman and Co. London, 12.
Hepburn, C. (1984); Filler reinforcement of Rubber Plastic and Rubber international No. 9:11-15.
Morton, M. (1987); Rubber Technology, 3rdEdn. Van Nostrand, New York; 74.
Ravichandran, K. & Natchimuthu, N. (2005). Polimeros., Anna University, India, 15, 2.
ASTM 1510 (1983); American Society for Testing and Materials.
Nasir, M. and Choo, C.H. (1987) Euro. Polym J. 25,355.
Mehta, P.K. and Pitt, N. (1974) Rice by-Products conference Valencia, 76.
Rivin, D. (1963); RubbChem & Tech 36, 729.
Hepburn, C and Blow, C. M. (1971); Rubber Technology and Manufacture 3rd Edition, Butter Worth Publishing 188.
Wagner, M. P. (1976); Rubb. Chem. Tech. 49,704.
Kremen, S. S. and Lollar, R. M. (1951). J. Am. Leather Chem., Ass. 46: 34.