Effects of Moringa oleifera Leaves and Lysine on Growth Performance of Broiler Chicks
Advances in Applied Physiology
Volume 4, Issue 1, June 2019, Pages: 1-4
Received: Aug. 9, 2018; Accepted: Aug. 29, 2018; Published: Mar. 26, 2019
Views 715      Downloads 195
Ufele Angela Nwogor, Zoology Department, Faculty of Biosciences Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria
Orji Chizoba Ndidiamaka, Zoology Department, Faculty of Biosciences Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria
Article Tools
Follow on us
An experimental research was carried out to evaluate the effects of Moringa oleifera leaves and lysine on the growth performance of broiler chicks. A total of 60 three-week old broiler chicks were used in this study. The chicks were randomly assigned to four dietary treatments; T1 (control) having 0kg Moringa oleifera and 0kg lysine inclusion, T2 had 0.25 kg of lysine with no Moringa oleifera, T3 had 0.25kg of Moringa oleifera with no lysine and T4 had 0.5 kg of Moringa oleifera and no lysine respectively. Each treatment was replicated thrice in a completely randomized design. The experiment lasted for 10 weeks during which the parameters monitored included weight, organ weights and carcass characteristics. The data collected were subjected to analysis of variance and LSD at 5% significant level. The highest weight gain was recorded in the broiler chicks fed with diet T4 (2.04kg) followed by those fed with diet T2 (20.13kg) while the least was recorded in those fed with diet T1 (15.79kg). The analysis of variance result revealed that there was significant difference (p<0.05) between the weight gain of broiler chicks fed with the four dietary treatments for 10 weeks. The specific growth rate of broiler chicks fed with diet T4 had the highest specific growth rate (2.23) followed by those fed with diet T3 (2.20) while the lowest was diet T2 (1.96). But no significant difference existed between the specific growth rates of the birds fed the four diets. It was concluded that Moringa oleifera leaves can serve as a major component of poultry ingredients as it contains high protein content, cheap and readily available.
Broiler Chicks, Moringa oleifera, Lysine and Growth
To cite this article
Ufele Angela Nwogor, Orji Chizoba Ndidiamaka, Effects of Moringa oleifera Leaves and Lysine on Growth Performance of Broiler Chicks, Advances in Applied Physiology. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2019, pp. 1-4. doi: 10.11648/j.aap.20190401.11
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Ufele A. N, Ogbu A. U, Ebenebe C. I and Akunne C. E. (2015a). Effect of locally produced blood meal on growth performance and packed cell volume of broiler chicks. American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 3 (3):105-108.
Ensminger, W. I. and Akubilo, C. O. (2002). Thermal analysis and evaluation of protein requirement of a passive solar energy poultry chick brooder in Nigeria. Journal of Renewal Energy, 9:1-7.
Agbede, J. O., and Aletor, V. (2007). The performance, nutrient utilization and cost implications of feeding broiler finisher conventional or underutilized resources. Applied Tropical Agriculture, 2:57-62.
Ekenyem, B. U., Obih, T. K. O., Odo, B. I. and Mba, F. I. A. (2010). Performance of finisher broiler chicks fed varying replacement levels of Chromolaenaodorata Leaf for soyabean meal. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 9 (6):558-561.
Ufele A. N, Okoye C. B. and Ebenebe C. I. (2015b). Effect of natural and artificial ascorbic acid supplementation on the growth performance and packed cell volume of broiler chicks. American Journal of Life Sciences, 3 (3): 158-161.
Akinmutimi, A. H. and Onukwe, C. C. (2002). Effect of cooking with various concentrations of potash on nutrient composition of potash. Journal of Agriculture and Biotechnology, 1:1-3.
Akinfela O., Kehinde, A. O. A. and Tewe, O. O. (1999). Performance and economy production of pigs fed whole Cassava plant based diet in the tropics. Journal of Animal Production Investigation, 2:181-186.
Folorunsho O. R. and Onibi, G. E. (2005). Assessment of the nutritional quality of Eviscerated waste from selected chicken types. In: Onibi, H. G, Agele, S. O. and Adekunle, V. A. J. (eds); Proceedings of the 1st Annual Conference on Developments in Agriculture and Biological Science 27th April, 2005, Akure, Nigeria. Pp: 300.
Brooks, M. C. (2001). Effect of Protein on Human Growth and Development. International Journal of Nutrition, 25: 46-55.
Akinmutimi, A. H. (2004). Evaluation of sword bean (Canavaliagladiata) as an alternative feed resource for broiler chickens. Ph. D Thesis Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, 474-475.
Ezieshi, E. V, Okhueubie, I. F., Ezennabike, C. C. and Olomu, J. M. (2004). Comparative performance of broiler chicks fed graded levels of palm kernel cake and maize offal. Proceedings of the 29th Annual Conference of Nigerian Society of Animal Production. pp: 253-256.
Madubuike, F. N. and Ekenyem, B. U. (2001). Non Ruminant- Livestock Production in the Tropic. Guest–Chicks Graphic Centre, Owerri, Nigeria, pp:196.
Ahaotu, E. O, Ezeafulukwe C. F, Ayo-Enwerem C. M and Ekenyem, B. U. (2013). Effects of enzyme fortified raw moringa seed (Moringaoleifera) waste diets on nutrient utilization and haematological parameters of broilers. International Journal Applied Science Engineering, 1: 25-30.
Atawodi, S. E., Mari, D., Atawodi, J. C. and Yahaya, Y. (2008). Assessment of Leucaenaleucocephala leaves as feed supplement in laying hens. African Journal of Biotechnology, 7 (3): 317-321.
Onyimonyi A. E. and Onu, E. (2009). An assessment of paw paw leaf meal as protein ingredient for finishing broiler. International Journal of Poultry Science, 8 (10): 995-998.
Ebenebe C. I., Umegechi, C. O., Aniebo and Nweze, (2012). Comparison of haematological parameters and weight changes of broiler chicks fed different levels of Moringaoleiferadiet. International Journal of Agriculture and Biosciences, 1 (1):23-25.
Lannaon, W. J. (2007). Herbal plants as source of antibiotics for broilers. Agriculture Magazine, 11 (2): 55.
Sarwatt S. V., Milangha, M. S., Lekule, F. P. and Madalla, N. (2004). Moringaoleiferaand cotton seed cake as supplements for small holder dairy cow fed napier grass. Livestock Research for Rural Development, 16: 38 - 44.
Kakengi, A. M. V., Shen, M. N., Sarwart, S. V. and Fujihara, T. (2003). Can Moringaoleifera be used as protein supplement to ruminant diet? Asian-Australian Journal of Animal Science, 18 (1): 42-47.
William, A. C., and George, W. S. (2008). Statistical Methods, 6th Edition, the Iowa State University Press. Ames, Iowa, USA. Pp. 167-263.
Banjo, O. S. (2012). Growth and performance as affected by inclusion of Moringaoleifera leaf meal in broiler chicks diet. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare, 9: 35-38.
Ebenebe, C. I., Anigbogu, C. C., Anizoba, M. A. and Ufele, A. N. (2013). Effect of various levels of Moringa Leaf Meal on the Egg Quality of Isa Brown Breed of Layers. Advances in Life Sciences and Technology 14: 45-49.
Fahey, J. W., Zakmann, A. T., and Talalay, P. (2001). The chemical diversity and distribution of glucosinolates and Isothiocyanates among plants. Corrigendum Phytochemistry, 59: 200-237.
Greg, M. E. (2008). Effect of enzymes on cellulose, European Journal of Applied Microbiology Biotechnology, 40: 167 -171.
Onunkwo, D. N and George, O. S (2015). Effects of Moringaoleifera leaf meal on the growth performance and carcass characteristics of broiler birds. IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science, 8 (3II): 63-66.
El Tazi, S. M. A. (2014). Effect of feeding different levels of Moringaoleifera leaf meal on the performance and carcass quality of broiler chicks. International Journal of Science and Research, 3 (5):147-151.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186