Determination of Heavy Metals in Hibiscus cannabinus and Moringa oleifera Cultivated at Zango Abattoir, Tudun Wada, Kaduna Metropolis
International Journal of Sustainable Development Research
Volume 3, Issue 4, July 2017, Pages: 32-35
Received: Aug. 19, 2017;
Accepted: Aug. 30, 2017;
Published: Oct. 7, 2017
Views 1750 Downloads 50
Yarima Muhammad Malum, Department of Chemistry, Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna, Nigeria
Labaran Salihu, Department of Chemistry, Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna, Nigeria
Follow on us
This study was carried out to determine and evaluate the concentration of ten heavy metals (As, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Pb, Mn, Ni and Zn) in Hibiscus cannabinus and Moringa oleifera grown at Zango Abattoir, Tudun Wada, Kaduna Metropolis Nigeria, using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer. The concentration of the metals obtained ranged from 0.628±0.0006 to 3.469±0.0006 mg/kg for manganese, 8.362±0.0006 to 29.293±0.0026 mg/kg for iron, 0.700±0.0002 to 10.774±0.0026 mg/kg for zinc, 0.071±0.0002 to 0.223±0.0005 mg/kg for copper, 0.020±0.0006 to 0.044±0.0002 mg/kg for nickel, 0.017±0.0001 to 0.039±0.0001 mg/kg for cadmium, ND to 0.184±0.0004 mg/kg for chromium, 1.092±0.0003 to 1.167±0.0006 mg/kg for lead and 0.115±0.0010 to 0.201±0.0016 mg/kg for cobalt. Arsenic was however not detected in all the samples analysed. The concentrations of heavy metals in the selected samples were statistically significant at (P˂0.05). This study highlights that people consuming the vegetables grown within the abattoir consume substantial amount of metals like iron, zinc and lead. However, the values of these metals were below the recommended maximum tolerable guidelines level proposed by the WHO/FAO and NAFDAC.
Abattoir, Hibiscus cannabinus, Moringa oleifera, Heavy Metals, Kaduna
To cite this article
Yarima Muhammad Malum,
Determination of Heavy Metals in Hibiscus cannabinus and Moringa oleifera Cultivated at Zango Abattoir, Tudun Wada, Kaduna Metropolis, International Journal of Sustainable Development Research.
Vol. 3, No. 4,
2017, pp. 32-35.
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Adesemoye AO, Opere BO, Makinde SC. Microbial Content of abattoir waste water and its contaminated soil in Lagos, Nigeria. African Journal of Biotechnology, 2006; 5 (20): 1963-1968.
Hornby AS. Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary of current English, Oxford University Press. 2006; 7th ed. p. 1381.
Katarzyna RA, Monkiewicz J, Andrzej, G. Lead, cadmium, arsenic, copper and zinc contents in hair of cattle living in the area contaminated by a copper smelter. Bull Vet Inst Pulawy, 2009; 53: 703-706.
Odoemelan SA, Ajunwa, O. Heavy Metal Status and Physicochemical Properties of Agricultural Soil amended by short term application of animal manure. Journal of Chemical Society of Nigeria, 2008; 30: 60-63.
Fadeyibi, A, Halilu A, Osunde ZD. Analysis of Physicochemical Properties of Abattoir Wastewater for Irrigation in Minna, Niger State. Continental J. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 2011; 2 (2): 12-15.
Osu CI, Ogoko EC, Emeziem D. Metal Species, Mobility and Bioavailability In An Oil Impacted Soil From Ikoku And Alaoji Automobile Spare Parts Markets, Niger-Delta Nigeria. American Academic & Scholarly Research Journal, 2014; 6 (3): 123-127.
Sajjad K, Robina F, Shagufta S, Mohammed A, Maria S. Health Risk Assessment of Heavy Metals for Population via Consumption of Vegetables. World Applied Sciences Journal, 2009; 6 (12): 1602-1606.
Cui YJ, Zhu YG, Zhai R, Huang Y, Qiu Y, Liang J. Exposure to metal mixtures and human health impacts in a contaminated area in Nanning, China. Environment International, 2005; 31: 784-790.
Osu CI, Ogoko EC. Bioconcentration and Transfer of Heavy Metal from Soil into Verninia amydalina, Telfera occidendalis and Amarathus spinosustatio. Journal of Applied Phytotechnology in Environmental Sanitation, 2014; 3 (4): 117-121.
Osu CI, Okereke VC. Heavy metal accumulation from abattoir wastes on soils and some edible vegetables in selected areas in Umuahia metropolis. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci., 2015; 4 (6): 1127-1132.
FAO/WHO. Food additives and contaminants, Joint Codex Alimentarius Commission, FAO/WHO. Food standards Programme, ALINORM 01/12A. 2001.
Opaluwa OD, Aremu MO, Ogbo LO, Abiola, KA, Nweze, NO. Heavy metal concentrations in soils, plant leaves and crops grown around dump sites in Lafia Metropolis, Nasarawa State, Nigeria. Advances in Applied Science Research, 2012; 3 (2): 780-784.
Osu CI, Odoemelam SA. Availability of Toxic Metals and Its Transfer from Soil to Some Selected Edible Vegetables Consumed in Port Harcourt City, Nigeria. J. Agric. Food. Tech., 2015; 5 (1): 1-4.