The Impact of Development Induced Displacement on the Livelihood of Small Holder Farmers; the Case of DejenWoreda Rural Kebeles
International Journal of Sustainable Development Research
Volume 5, Issue 1, March 2019, Pages: 9-17
Received: Jan. 11, 2019; Accepted: Feb. 16, 2019; Published: Mar. 11, 2019
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Demeke Siltan, Department of Social Work, College of Social Science and Humanities, Ambo University, Ambo, Ethiopia
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Development-induced projects are factor for involuntary migration to urban areas for the search of better employment raised the rate of vulnerability for socio-economic inequalities. The aim of thisstudy was to assessed the impact of development induced displacement on the livelihood of small holder farmers. The study employed mixed methods approach with case control design. Quantitative data were gathered through structured questionnaire and qualitative data were collected via interview and focus group discussion.By using Census survey and systematic random sampling a total of 162 cases (displaced) and 162 controls (non-displaced households) participated in the study respectivelly. The study employed a modified sustainable livelihood conceptual framework by incorporating basic elements of the frame work The finding revealed that compared to the controls, the cases have lower size of land holding, average livestock holding(1.45 ha vs1.1 ha), (1.804 vs. 2.574 for oxen; 0.936 vs. 1.56 for cows respectively). The controls average annual income is higher than the cases (31,000 vs. 23600 respectively). Greater proportion of displaced households (76.2%) than the non-displaced households (9.7%) perceived that their annual income is decreases within the five years preceding the survey. Compared to controls, large proportion of cases couldn’t able to meet the basic needs of the household (55.1% vs. 23.2%).The fining also revealed that the amount of money paid as compensation for the displaced households is not fair/ enough as compared with what they lose. Therefore the government should provide fair amount of compensation for displaced households.
Displacement, Development Induced, Livelihood, Compensation
To cite this article
Demeke Siltan, The Impact of Development Induced Displacement on the Livelihood of Small Holder Farmers; the Case of DejenWoreda Rural Kebeles, International Journal of Sustainable Development Research. Vol. 5, No. 1, 2019, pp. 9-17. doi: 10.11648/j.ijsdr.20190501.12
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