American Journal of Pediatrics
Volume 6, Issue 3, September 2020, Pages: 289-294
Received: Jun. 27, 2020;
Accepted: Jul. 9, 2020;
Published: Jul. 23, 2020
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Kirana Dyah Larasati Budhiarta, Department of Child Health, Sanglah Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University, Denpasar, Indonesia
I Made Kardana, Department of Child Health, Sanglah Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University, Denpasar, Indonesia
Children face the highest risk of dying in their first month of life, at an average global rate of 2.5 million deaths in 2018. The highest neonatal mortality rate in 2018 occurred in Sub-Saharan Africa which reached 28 deaths per 1000 live births, followed by East Mediaterania with 25 deaths per 1000 live births. Meanwhile, based on Central Bureau of Statistics, the neonatal mortality rate in Indonesia were 15 deaths per 1000 live births in 2017. More than 80% death in neonates caused by 3 preventable factors such as complication of prematurity, complication of birth like asphyxia and neonatal infection (such as sepsis and pneumonia). Furthermore intensive care unit play crucial role in critically ill neonate. In this study we aimed to determine profile and outcome of neonates treated in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) of Sanglah Hospital. This was a descriptive cross sectional study and data was taken retrospectively from medical record of neonates treated in NICU during 2019. We got 393 neonates admitted in NICU, but forty patients were excluded due to readmission and insufficient data. Finally there were 208 (62.1%) male neonates and 127 (37.9%) female neonates, with 208 subjects were premature neonates (<37 weeks). Their median length of stay was 7 days. Most cases were treated due to respiratory distress (84.1%). In 2019, we found 111 neonates passed away with sepsis as the most common cause of neonatal death. Neonates treated in NICU were dominated by premature neonates, male and low birth weight (<2500 gram). There was 28.2% neonatal death in 2019.
Kirana Dyah Larasati Budhiarta,
I Made Kardana,
Neonatal Profile and Outcome in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Sanglah Hospital, American Journal of Pediatrics.
Vol. 6, No. 3,
2020, pp. 289-294.
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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